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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2337 - θηλάζω

Root Word (Etymology)
from thele (the nipple)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to give the breast, give suck, to suckle
  2. to suck
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2949 ‑ טִפֻּחִים (tip‑pookh');  3243 ‑ יָנַק (yaw‑nak');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (6)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 3
NAS (9)
Matthew 4
Mark 2
Luke 3
CSB (5)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 2
BSB (5)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 2
ESV (5)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 3
WEB (6)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Dor. aor. 1 ἐθήλαξα Theoc. 3.16 (v.l. -αζε): (θηλή):

I of the mother or nurse, suckle, Phryn.Com. 29, Lys. 1.9, Arist. HA 576b10: abs., give suck, οἱ μαστοί, οἳ οὐκ ἐθήλασαν Luke 23:29 : also in Med., ἐπιμελεῖσθαι, ὅπως μέτριον χρόνον θηλάσονται Pl. R. 460d, cf. Arist. HA 566b17; οὐ συλλαμβάνουσι θηλαζόμεναι Id. GA 777a13, cf. IG 5(2).514.12 (Lycosura): Pass., to be sucked, ὁ δελφὶς.. θηλάζεται ὑπὸ τῶν τέκνων Arist. HA 504b25.


1. of the young animal, suck, Id. GA 733b29, etc.; ἐλέφαντος ὁ σκύμνος θ. τῷ στόματι Id. HA 578a22; θηλάζων χοῖρος a sucking pig, Theoc. 14.15; seldom of an infant, Orph. Fr. 49.87.

2. c. acc., λεαίνας μασδὸν ἐθήλαξεν Theoc. 3.16; ἐὰν μὴ τύχῃ τεθηλακὼς ὁ ὄνος ἵππον Arist. HA 577b16. (Written θελάσζ- PSI 4.368.19 (iii B.C.).)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

θηλάζω; 1 aorist ἐθήλασα; (θηλή a breast (cf. Peile, Etym., p. 124f));

1. transitive, to give the breast, give suck, to suckle: Matthew 24:19; Mark 13:17; Luke 21:23 (Lysias, Aristotle, others; the Sept. for הֵינִיק); μαστοί ἐθήλασαν, Luke 23:29 R G.

2. intransitive, to suck: Matthew 21:16 (Aristotle, Plato, Lucian, others; the Sept. for יָנַק); μαστούς, Luke 11:27; Job 3:12; Song of Solomon 8:1; Joel 2:16; Theocritus, 3:16.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(< θηλή , a breast),

[in LXX chiefly for H3243 hi.;]

1. of the mother, to suckle: Matthew 24:19, Mark 13:17, Luke 21:23.

2. Of the young, to suck: Matthew 21:16; μαστούς , Luke 11:27 (cf. Job 3:12, Ca 8:1, al.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

θηλάζω is common in the series of nursing contracts in BGU IV., e.g. 1107.6 (B.C. 13) συνχωρεῖ ἡ Διδύ ]μ ̣η ̣ τροφεύσειν καὶ θηλάσειν ε ̣̀ξ ̣ω ̣ [πα ]ρ᾽ ε ̣̈̀α ̣[τῆι κατὰ πόλιν τῶι ἰδίωι ] α ̣ ̣τ ̣ ̣ς ̣ γάλακτι καθαρῶι καὶ ἀφθόρωι. For a similar transitive usage, as in Matthew 24:19, cf. the family-letter of late iii/A.D., P Lond 951 verso.2. ff (=III. p. 213), where the writer urges the getting of a nurse for a newly arrived infant, rather than that the mother should be compelled to ";nurse"; herself—ἤκουσ ̣[α ] ο ̣̓́[τ ]ι θηλάζειν ̣ αὐτὴν ἀναγκάζεις, εἰ θέλ [εις τ ]ὸ βρέφος ἐχέτω τροφόν, ἐγὼ γὰρ οὐκ ἐπ ̣ιτ [ρέ ]πω τῇ θυγατρίμου θηλάζειυ. The verb is intransitive, as in Matthew 21:16, in P Ryl II. 153.18 (A.D. 138–161) ὃν κατέλιψα ἐν Ζμύρνῃ τῆς Ἀσίας παρὰ τροφῷ θηλάζοντα, ";whom I have left at Smyrna in Asia being yet a foster-child"; (Edd.). For a form θελάσζω see PSI IV. 368.19 (B.C. 250–49) with the editor’s note.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εθήλαζεν εθήλασα εθήλασαν εθηλασας εθήλασας ἐθήλασας εθήλασε θηλάζει θηλάζοντα θηλάζοντος θηλαζοντων θηλαζόντων θηλαζουσαις θηλαζούσαις θηλαζούσας θηλάζων θηλάσαι θηλάσει θηλάσειεν θηλάσεις θηλάσητε θήλασόν θηλυκού θηλυμανείς ethelasas ethēlasas ethḗlasas thelazonton thelazónton thēlazontōn thēlazóntōn thelazousais thelazoúsais thēlazousais thēlazoúsais
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