the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2341 - θηριομαχέω
- to fight with wild beasts
fight with wild beasts, D.S. 3.43, 1 Corinthians 15:32, Vett.Val. 129.33, Ptol. Tetr. 200, Artem. 2.54.
θηριομαχέω, θηριομάχω: 1 aorist ἐθηριομάχησα; (θηριομαχος); to fight with wild beasts (Diodorus 3, 43, 7; Artemidorus Daldianus, oneir. 2, 54; 5, 49); εἰ ἐθηριομάχησα ἐν Ἐφέσῳ, 1 Corinthians 15:32 — these words some take literally, supposing that Paul was condemned to fight with wild beasts; others explain them tropically of a fierce contest with brutal and ferocious men (so θηριομάχειν in Ignatius ad Rom. 5 [ET] (etc.); ὁιοις θηρίοις μαχομεθα says Pompey, in the Appendix, bell. 104:2,61; see θηρίον). The former opinion encounters the objection that Paul would not have omitted this most terrible of all perils from the catalog in 2 Corinthians 11:23ff
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† θηριομαχέω , -ῶ
(< θηρίον , μάχομαι ),
to fight with wild beasts (Diod., al.): 1 Corinthians 15:32.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The subst. θηρομαχία is found OGIS 533.48 (i/B.C.) θηρομαχίαν ἔδωκεν. For the verb, see Vett. Val. p. 129.33 ὁ τοιοῦτος ἐθηριομάχησεν, and similarly p. 130.21. A close parallel to the Pauline usage (1 Corinthians 15:32) occurs in Ignat. Romans 5:1-21 ἀπὸ Συρίας μέχρι Ῥώμης θηριομαχῶ. Though the verb used is different, we may compare the maiden’s lament in P Ryl I. 15.7 (ii/A.D.)—
[θηρίοις νιν ] μονομαχήσειν ἀνέπεισαν.
";They have persuaded him to fight alone with evil beasts"; (Ed.).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.