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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2341 - θηριομαχέω

from a compound of (G2342) and (G3164)
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  1. to fight with wild beasts
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
1 Corinthians 1
NAS (3)
1 Corinthians 3
HCS (1)
1 Corinthians 1
BSB (1)
1 Corinthians 1
ESV (1)
1 Corinthians 1
WEB (1)
1 Corinthians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fight with wild beasts, D.S. 3.43, 1 Corinthians 15:32, Vett.Val. 129.33, Ptol. Tetr. 200, Artem. 2.54.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

θηριομαχέω, θηριομάχω: 1 aorist ἐθηριομάχησα; (θηριομαχος); to fight with wild beasts (Diodorus 3, 43, 7; Artemidorus Daldianus, oneir. 2, 54; 5, 49); εἰ ἐθηριομάχησα ἐν Ἐφέσῳ, 1 Corinthians 15:32 — these words some take literally, supposing that Paul was condemned to fight with wild beasts; others explain them tropically of a fierce contest with brutal and ferocious men (so θηριομάχειν in Ignatius ad Rom. 5 [ET] (etc.); ὁιοις θηρίοις μαχομεθα says Pompey, in the Appendix, bell. 104:2,61; see θηρίον). The former opinion encounters the objection that Paul would not have omitted this most terrible of all perils from the catalog in 2 Corinthians 11:23ff

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

θηριομαχέω , -

(< θηρίον , μάχομαι ),

to fight with wild beasts (Diod., al.): 1 Corinthians 15:32.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The subst. θηρομαχία is found OGIS 533.48 (i/B.C.) θηρομαχίαν ἔδωκεν. For the verb, see Vett. Val. p. 129.33 ὁ τοιοῦτος ἐθηριομάχησεν, and similarly p. 130.21. A close parallel to the Pauline usage (1 Corinthians 15:32) occurs in Ignat. Romans 5:1-21 ἀπὸ Συρίας μέχρι Ῥώμης θηριομαχῶ. Though the verb used is different, we may compare the maiden’s lament in P Ryl I. 15.7 (ii/A.D.)—


[θηρίοις νιν ] μονομαχήσειν ἀνέπεισαν.

";They have persuaded him to fight alone with evil beasts"; (Ed.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εθηριομαχησα εθηριομάχησα ἐθηριομάχησα etheriomachesa etheriomáchesa ethēriomachēsa ethēriomáchēsa