Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2356 - θρησκεία

Transliteration
thrēskeía
Phonetics
thrace-ki'-ah
Origin
from a derivative of (G2357)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
3:155,337
Definition
Thayer's
  1. religious worship
    1. esp. external, that which consists of ceremonies
      1. religious discipline, religion
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (4)
Acts
1
Colossians
1
James
2
NAS (4)
Acts
1
Colossians
1
James
2
HCS (4)
Acts
1
Colossians
1
James
2
BSB (4)
Acts
1
Colossians
1
James
2
ESV (4)
Acts
1
Colossians
1
James
2
WEB (4)
Acts
1
Colossians
1
James
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

θρησκ-εία,

Ion. θρησκ-είη, ἡ, (θρησκεύω)

1. religious worship, cult, ritual, ἡ περὶ τὰ ἱρὰ θ. Hdt. 2.18, IG 12(5).141.5 (Paros, iii B.C.), J. AJ 17.9.3, etc.; τοῦ Ἀπόλλωνος SIG 801 D (Delph., i A.D.); ἡ περί τινος θ. ib. 867.48 (Ephesus, ii A.D.): pl., rites, Hdt. 2.37, D.H. 2.63, PGnom. 185 (ii A.D.), Wilcken Chr. 72 (iii A.D.).

2. religion, service of God, LXX Wi. 14.18, Acts 26:5, James 1:26; θ. τοῦ θεοῦ μία ἐστί, μὴ εἶναι κακόν Corp.Herm. 12 fin.; ἑκατέρα θ., i.e. Christianity and Paganism, Them. Or. 5.69c; θ. τῶν ἀγγέλων worshipping of angels, Colossians 2:18.

3. in bad sense, religious formalism, ἀντὶ ὁσιότητος Ph. 1.195; θ. βιωτική vulgar superstition, Sor. 1.4.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

**† θρησκεία

(-κία , T), -ας ,

(< θρῆσκος ),

[in LXX: Wisdom of Solomon 14:18; Wisdom of Solomon 14:27, Sirach 22:5 A, 4 Maccabees 5:6; 4 Maccabees 5:13*;]

religion in its external aspect (MM, Exp., xv), worship: Acts 26:5, James 1:26-27; θ . τῶν ἀγγέλων , Colossians 2:18.†

SYN.: see θρῆσκος G2357.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

As against the common idea that θρησκεία means only ritual, Hort (on James 1:26) has shown that the underlying idea is simply ";reverence of the gods or worship of the gods, two sides of the same feeling";—a feeling which, however, frequently finds expression in θρησκεῖαι or ritual acts. Of this use of the plur. a good example occurs in a ii/A.D. Rainer papyrus published by Wessely (Karanis, p. 56) where precautions are taken πρὸς τῷ ἰδίῳ λόγῳ. . . ἴνα μήκετι αἱ τῶν θεῶν θρησκεῖαι ἐμποδίζο (= ω)νται (cf. 1 Maccabees 9:55) : see also another Rainer papyrus, Chrest. I. 72.10 (A.D. 234), where it is reported—μηδένα δὲ τῶν ἱερέω [ν ἢ ] ἱερωμένων ἐνκαταλελοιπέναι τὰς [θρ ]ησκείας, and cf. the curious inscr. from Talmis in Nubia, ib. 73.10 (A.D. 247–8), where the strategus gives orders that all ";swine"; should be driven out of the village—πρὸς τὸ δύνασθαι τὰ περὶ τὰ ἱερὰ θρήσκια κατὰ τὰ νενομισμένα γείνεσθαι. In the Delphic inscr., first published by Bourguet De rebus Delphicis, 1905, p. 63 f., which has proved of such importance in dating Gallio’s proconsulship, and consequently in fixing a point in the Pauline chronology (see s.v. Γαλλίων), the words ἐπετήρη [σα δὲ τὴ ]ν θρησκεί [αν τ ]οῦ Ἀποί [λλωνος ] τοῦ Πυθίου are put into the mouth of the Emperor Tiberius, to which Deissmann (St. Paul, p. 251) furnishes a parallel from the same source in a letter of Hadrian's to Delphi : καὶ εἰς τὴν ἀρ [χαιότητα τῆ ]ς πόλεως καὶ εἰς τὴν τοῦ κατέχοντος α [ὐτὴν θεοῦ θρησ ]κείαν ἀφορῶν (Bourguet, p. 78). We may add Syll 656.48 (Ephesus—ii/A.D.) which describes as θρησκεία the keeping of the month Artemision as sacred to the tutelary goddess, OGIS 513.18 (beginning of iii/A.D.) in honour of a priestess—εὐσεβῶς πᾶσαν θρησκείαν ἐκτελέσασαν τῇ θεῷ, and the interesting passage quoted by C. Taylor (Exp T xvi. p. 334) in illustration of James 1:26 from the end of c. 12 of the Ποιμάνδρης of Hermes Trismegistos—καὶ τοῦτό ἐστιν ὁ θεός, τὸ πᾶν. . . τοῦτον τὸν λόγον, ὦ τέκνον, προσκύνει καὶ θρήσκευε. θρησκεία δὲ τοῦ θεοῦ μία ἐστί, μὴ εἶναι κακόν, ";et hoc deus est, universum . . . hoc verbum, o fili, adora et cole. Cultus autem dei unus est, malum non esse"; (ed. Parthey, Berlin, 1854). For the verb see Preisigke 991 (A.D. 290) where an inscr. on a temple-pillar is dated—ἐπὶ Διδύμου ἱερέως θρησκεύοντος. Boisacq (p. 340) derives the Ionic word from the root of θεράπων, θεραπεύω : cf. θρόνος.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
θρησκεια θρησκεία θρησκείᾳ θρησκειας θρησκείας threskeia threskeía thrēskeia thrēskeía threskeíāi thrēskeíāi threskeias threskeías thrēskeias thrēskeías
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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