Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2362 - θρόνος
- a throne seat
- a chair of state having a footstool
- assigned in the NT to kings, hence, kingly power or royalty
- metaph. to God, the governor of the world
- to the Messiah, Christ, the partner and assistant in the divine administration 1b
- hence divine power belonging to Christ
- to judges i.e. tribunal or bench
- to elders
1. seat, chair, Od. 1.145, Ath. 5.192e, PMasp. 6 ii 63 (vi A.D.), etc.
2. throne, chair of state, θ. βασιλήϊος Hdt. 1.14, cf. X. HG 1.5.3, etc.; Ζηνὸς ἐπὶ θρόνον Theoc. 7.93: metaph., Pl. R. 553c: pl., ἐν θρόνοις ἥμενοι A. Ch. 975; ἐκ τυραννίδος θρόνων τ' ἄϊστον ἐκβαλεῖν Id. Pr. 910; Διὸς θρόνοι S. Ant. 1041, cf. Ar. Av. 1732; king's estate or dignity, σκῆπτρα καὶ θρόνους S. OC 425, cf. 448; [ γῆς] κράτη τε καὶ θρόνους νέμω Id. OT 237, cf. Ant. 166, etc.; in the Prytaneum, τῷ [Ἀπόλλωνι] θ. ἐξελεῖν IG 12.78.
3. oracular seat of Apollo, E. IT 1254, 1282 (both lyr.); μαντικοὶ θ. A. Eu. 616, etc.
4. chair of a teacher, Pl. Prt. 315c, Philostr. VS 2.2, Lib. 819, AP 9.174(Pall.).
5. judge's bench, Plu. 2.807b, Him. Ecl. 10.9, 13.16.
6. Astrol.,= ὕψωμα, PMich. in Class.Phil. 22.22(pl.). favourable combination of planetary positions, Ptol. Tetr. 51.
II a kind of bread, Neanth. 1 J.
III name of a lozenge, Paul.Aeg. 3.42, 7.12.
θρόνος , -ου , ὁ
[in LXX chiefly for H3678, Exodus 11:5, al.;]
in Hom., a seat, chair. Later, a throne, chair of state, seat of authority; of kings: metaph., of God, Matthew 5:34, Acts 7:49 (LXX), Revelation 1:4, al.; by meton., for kingly power, sovereignty, Luke 1:32; Luke 1:52, Acts 2:30; for an angelic hierarchy, Colossians 1:16; of Christ, Matthew 19:28, Revelation 3:21, al.; of Satan, Revelation 2:13; τ . θηρίου , Revelation 16:10; of the Apostles, Matthew 19:28, Luke 22:30, cf. Revelation 20:4; of πρεσβύτεροι , Revelation 4:4; Revelation 11:16 (on θ . τῆς χάριτος , Hebrews 4:16, v. Westc., in l; Deiss., BS, 135).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For this word, which in the NT, and notably in the Apocalypse, is always an official seat or chair of state, we may compare OGIS 383.25 (rescript of Commagene—mid. i/B.C.) ἐγὼ πατρώιαν [ἀ ]ρχὴν [π ]αρ [αλ ]α [β ]ὼν βασιλείαν [μ ]ὲν ἐμο [ῖ ]ς ὑπήκοον θρόνοις, ib. .42 πρὸς οὐρανίους Διὸς Ὠρομάσδου θρόνους, and Preisigke 982.7 (B.C. 4) ὑπὲρ Αὐτοκράτορος Καίσαρος θεοῦ υἱοῦ Σεβαστοῦ. . . τ [ὸ ]ν θρόνον καὶ τὸν βωμὸν ἀνέθηκε, ib. 1164.8 (B.C. 181–45) ὑπὲρ βασιλέως Πτολεμαίο (υ) καὶ βασιλίσσης Κλεοπάτρας. . . τὸ Πτολεμαῖον καὶ τὸν θρόνον Ἑρμεῖ Ἡρακλεῖ. In connexion with the above it may be noticed that Deissmann (LAE, p. 280 n..2) from personal observation thinks that ὁ θρόνος τοῦ Σατανᾶ (Revelation 2:13) at Pergamum can only have been the altar of Zeus, which there dominated the whole district, and was thus a typical representative of satanic heathendom. The word in its original sense of ";seat,"; ";chair,"; is found in P Oxy VII. 1050.4 (ii/iii A.D.) θρόνῳ (δραχμαὶ) κ ̄, ";for a chair 20 dr.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany