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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2369 - θυμιαστήριον
- a utensil for fumigating or burning incense
- an altar of incense
From a derivative of G2370
θυμιατήριον, θυμιατηριου, τό (θυμιάω), properly, a utensil for fumigating or burning incense (cf. Winer's Grammar, 96 (91)); hence:
2. the altar of incense: Philo, rer. div. haer. § 46; vit. Moys. iii. § 7; Josephus, Antiquities 3, 6, 8; 3, 8, 3; b. j. 5, 5, 5; Clement of Alexandria; Origen; and so in Hebrews 9:4 ((where Tr marginal reading brackets), also 2 Tr marginal reading in brackets), where see Bleek, Lünemann, Delitzsch, Kurtz, in opposed to those ((A. V. included)) who think it means censer; (yet cf. Harnack in the Studien und Kritiken for 1876, p. 572f).
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θυμιατήριον , -ου , τό
(< θυμιάω ),
[in LXX: 2 Chronicles 26:19, Ezekiel 8:11 (H7004), 4 Maccabees 7:11 *;]
1. as in cl. (Hdt., iv, 162; Thuc., vi, 46) and LXX, a censer: Hebrews 9:4 (but v. infr., and cf. Westc., in l).
2. As in Philo., rer. div., § 46, FlJ, Ant., iv, 2, 4, al., the altar of incense: He, l.c. (but v. supr. and cf. MM, Exp., xv).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Some quotations may be given from Syll. Thus in 804.19 (? ii/A.D.) the patient in the Asclepieum sees παιδάριον ἡγεῖσθαι θυμιατήριον ἔχον ἀτμίζο [ν : it is ";censer"; here, obviously. The same seems to be the case in 583.12 (i/A.D.)— so Dittenberger — and 588.28 (ii/B.C.), though there is nothing decisive : naturally in many contexts we cannot say whether the censer was fixed or movable. So also 734.124. In P Oxy III. 521.19 (ii/A.D.) a θυμιατήριον is mentioned in a list of articles, perhaps belonging to some temple, and a θυμιατήριον is also found along with a φιάλη ἀργυρῆ καὶ σπον [δ ]ε ̣ῖ [ο ]ν lying ἐπὶ τρίποδι in a triclinium (BGU II. 388ii. 22 — ii/A.D.) : cf. BGU II. 387ii. 8, .20, 488.11 (both ii/A.D.).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.