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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2377 - θυρωρός

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2374) and ouros (a watcher)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. a doorkeeper, porter
    1. a male or female janitor
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6486 ‑ פְּקֻדָּה (pek‑ood‑daw');  7778 ‑ שֹׁעֵר (sho‑are', sho‑are');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Mark 1
John 3
NAS (5)
Mark 1
John 4
HCS (4)
Mark 1
John 3
BSB (4)
Mark 1
John 3
ESV (4)
Mark 1
John 3
WEB (4)
Mark 1
John 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Cypr. θυραϝωρός dub. in Inscr.Cypr. 215H., θυραωρός (q.v.), ὁ, ἡ: —

door-keeper, porter, Sapph. 98, Hdt. 1.120, A. Ch. 565, Pl. Phlb. 62c, Mark 13:34, BGU 1061.10 (i A.D.), Luc. Vit.Auct. 7, etc.: also θυρουρός PCair.Zen. 292.76 (iii B.C.), PRyl. 136.6 (i A.D.), IG 3.1137 (ii A.D.), PFlor. 71.380 (iv A.D.). (From θυρα - ho ρϝος, cf. οὖρος, ἐρύω (B): connected with ὠρέω by Corn. ND 1.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

θυρωρός, θυρωρου, , (from θύρα, and ὥρα care; cf. ἀκρυωρος, πυλωρός, τιμωρός; cf. Curtius, § 501, cf. p. 101; (Vanicek, p. 900; Allen in American Journ. of Philol. i., p. 129)), a doorkeeper, porter; male or female janitor: masculine, Mark 13:34; John 10:3; feminine, John 18:16f ((Sappho), Aeschylus, Herodotus, Xenophon, Plato, Aristotle, Josephus, others; the Sept..)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

θυρωρός , -οῦ , ,

(< θύρα , + οὖρος , a guardian),

[in LXX: 2 Kings 7:11 (H7778), Ezekiel 44:11 (H6486), 2 Samuel 4:6; 2 Samuel 4:1 Ezra 7:1-28*;]

a door-keeper, porter: , Mark 13:34, John 10:3; , John 18:16-17

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this word, as in Mark 13:34, John 10:3, see P Par 35.32 (B.C. 163) παρέθεντο δὲ τὰ ποτή [ρια ] Κεφα [λᾶτ ]ι τῷ θυρωρῷ (cf. ib. 37.46), P Tebt I. 112 intr. (4) (B.C. 112) Θεῶνι θυρω (ρῶι), BGU IV. 1141.34 (B.C.14) καθ᾽ ἡμέραν δὲ τὸν θυλωρὸν (l. θυρ –) ἐξερωτῶι μή τις ἔξω υ ̣[πνωκε, P Lond 604.14 (A.D. 47) (= III. p. 71) Πτολεμαίο (υ) θυρουρο (), P Flor I. 71.880 (iv/A.D.) Μ ̣ο ̣υσῆς θυρουρὸς ι ̄ πάγ (ου). For the form θυρουρός in the last two exx., as in Mark 13:34 D*, see Mayser Gr. p. 15, and Moulton Gr. ii. p. 75. The interesting reference to a woman door-keeper in John 18:16-17 (cf. 2 Kings 4:6) may be illustrated by BGU IV. 1061.10 (B.C. 14) τὴν ἀποτεταγμένην πρὸς τῆι τηρήσει θυρωρὸν Μ ̣α ̣λήφιος γυναῖκα παραχρῆμα ἐφόνευσαν, P Ryl II. 36.6 (A.D. 34) λογοποιουμένου μου πρὸς Ἀγχερίμφ [ι ]ν ̣ κα [ ] τὴν ̣ τούτου γυναῖκα Θεναπύγχιν θυλουρὸν (l. θυρ –) τῶν ἀπὸ Εὐημερίας τῆς Θεμίστου μερίδος, ";as I was talking to Ancherimphis and his wife Thenapunchis, a door-keeper of Euhemeria in the division of Themistes"; (Edd.), and P Strass I. 24.17 (A.D. 118) Θατρῆτι θυλουρῶι ( l. θυρ –). See further for the interpretation of Jn l.c. ExpT xxvii. pp. 217 f., 314 ff., and 424 f.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
θυρωροί θυρωρος θυρωρός θυρωρὸς θυρωρούς θυρωρω θυρωρώ θυρωρῷ thuroro thurōrō thuroros thurōros thyroro thyrōrō thyrorôi thyrōrō̂i thyroros thyrorós thyroròs thyrōros thyrōrós thyrōròs
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