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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2379 - θυσιαστήριον
- the altar for slaying and burning of victims used of
- the altar of whole burnt offerings which stood in the court of the priests in the temple at Jerusalem
- the altar of incense which stood in the sanctuary or the Holy Place
- any other altar
- metaph., the cross on which Christ suffered an expiatory death: to eat of this altar i.e. to appropriate to one's self the fruits of Christ's expiatory death
altar, ib. Exodus 27:1, al., Matthew 23:18, J. AJ 8.4.1, Cod.Just. 220.127.116.11.
θυσιαστήριον, θυσιαστηρίου, τό (neuter of the adjective θυσιαστηριος (cf. Winer's Grammar, 96 (91)), and this from θυσιάζω to sacrifice), a word found only in Philo (e. g. vita Moys. iii. § 10, cf. § 7; Josephus, Antiquities 8, 4, 1) and the Biblical and ecclesiastical writings; the Sept. times without number for מִזְבֵּחַ; properly, an altar for the slaying and burning of victims; used of:
1. the altar of whole burnt-offerings which stood in the court of the priests in the temple at Jerusalem (B. D. under the word
2. the altar of incense, which stood in the sanctuary or Holy place (B. D. as above): τό θυσιαστήριον τοῦ θυμιάματος, Luke 1:11 (Exodus 30:1); (symbolically) in Heaven: Revelation 6:9; Revelation 8:3, 5; Revelation 9:13; Revelation 14:18; Revelation 16:7.
3. any other altar, James 2:21; plural Romans 11:3; metaphorically, the cross on which Christ suffered an expiatory death: to eat of this altar i. e. to appropriate to oneself the fruits of Christ's expiatory death, Hebrews 13:10.
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† θυσιαστήριον , -ου , τό
(< θυσιάζω , to sacrifice),
[in LXX (where the word first appears) very freq., nearly always for H4056;]
(a) generally, James 2:21; pl., Romans 11:3 (LXX); metaph., Hebrews 13:10 (v. Westc., in l, and esp. his add, note on the history of the word, 455 ff.);
(b) of the altar of burnt-offering in the Temple, Matthew 5:23-24; Matthew 23:18-20; Matthew 23:35, Luke 11:51, 1 Corinthians 9:13; 1 Corinthians 10:18, Hebrews 7:13, Revelation 11:1;
(c) of the altar of incense in the sanctuary (Exodus 30:1, al.), Luke 1:11; symbolically in Heaven, Revelation 6:9; Revelation 8:3; Revelation 9:13; Revelation 14:18; Revelation 16:7 (Cremer, 292).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.