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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2431 - ἱλαρός

Root Word (Etymology)
from the same as (G2436)
Parts of Speech
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  1. cheerful, joyous, prompt to do anything
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7522 ‑ רָצֹן (raw‑tsone', raw‑tsone');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
2 Corinthians 1
NAS (1)
2 Corinthians 1
CSB (1)
2 Corinthians 1
BSB (1)
2 Corinthians 1
ESV (1)
2 Corinthians 1
WEB (1)
2 Corinthians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


[ ], ά, όν, (ἵλαος)

I cheerful, merry, φέγγος Ar. Ra. 456 (lyr.); ἱλαροὶ ἀντὶ σκυθρωπῶν X. Mem. 2.7.12; ἱλαρὸς ἴσθι Thphr. Char. 17.9, ἱλαρὸν βλέψαι AP 12.159 (Mel.), cf. Phld. Mus. p.85 K., Philostr. Im. 1.16; ἱ. δότης 2 Corinthians 9:7, cf. LXX Proverbs 22:8 : in later Greek,= ἵλεως [*] gracious, PMag.Leid.W. 14.12, etc.: τὸ ἱ.,= ἱλαρότης, Plu. Sull. 34, Heraclid.Pont. ap. Ath. 14.624d; -ωτέρα ἀγγελία more cheerful news, Jahresh. 23 Beibl. 283 (Ephesus). Adv. -ρῶς X. Ap. 33, LXX Job 22:26, Phld. Mus. l.c., Plu. Ages. 2.

II of blood, quick-pulsing, Philostr. Gym. 48 (Comp.). III of imitation gold, bright, PLeid.X. 17 (iii/ iv A.D.). Adv. ἱλαρῶς (leg. ἱλαρῷ) ib.87.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἱλαρός, ἱλαρα, ἱλαρόν (ἴλαος propitious), cheerful, joyous, prompt to do anything: 2 Corinthians 9:7; Proverbs 19:12; Proverbs 22:8; Sir. 13:26 (); ; 3Macc. 6:35; Aristophanes, Xenophon, others.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἱλαρός , - , -όν

(< ἵλαος = ἵλεως , q.v.),

[in LXX: Proverbs 19:12 (H7522) Proverbs 22:8, Ezra 5:1, Job 33:26, Sirach 13:26; Sirach 26:4, 3 Maccabees 6:35*;]

cheerful, joyous: 2 Corinthians 9:7 (Proverbs 22:8 (LXX))†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

BGU I. 332.12 (ii/iii A.D.) ἱλαρά εἰμι περὶ τῆς σωτηρίας ἡμῶν, P Giss I. 22.9 (time of Trajan) τῆς εὐσεβείας μου ἀ [ναλ ]α ̣μβ ̣ανούσης σε ἀπρόσ [κοπ ]ο ̣ν καὶ ἱλαρώτατον. Nägeli (p. 65 f.) has shown that in the magic papyri ἱλαρός is used practically = the cognate ἵλεως, which appears in Homer as ἵλα [ϝ ]ος, e.g. P Lond 46.416 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 78) δεῦρο μάκαρ μνήμης τελεσίφρονος υἱὲ μέγιστε σὴ μορφὴ ἱλαρός τε φάνηθι ἱλαρός τ᾽ ἐπιτεῖλον ἀνθρώπῳ ὁσίῳ μορφήν τ᾽ ἱλαρὸν ἐπιτεῖλον ἐμοὶ τὼ δεῖνα ὄφρα τε μαντοσύναις ταῖς σαῖς ἀρεταῖσι λάβοιμι, P Leid Wxiv. 10 (ii/iii A.D.) ἐλθέ μοι πρόθυμος ἱλαρός, ἀπ ́ήμαντος, and, in accordance further with LXX usage, he finds a similar meaning in 2 Corinthians 9:7, where the adj. seems to have the force of ";gracious,"; ";friendly."; In P Leid Xiii. 12 (iii/iv A.D.) it is used of the bright colour of gold which has been cast into a furnace. A new literary reference is provided by P Oxy XI. 1380.127 (early ii/A.D.), where a ἱλαρὰ ὄψις is ascribed to Isis. In Preisigke 5510 Ἱλαρά is a proper name.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ιλαρον ιλαρόν ἱλαρὸν hilaron hilaròn ilaron
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