Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2447 - ἰός

Transliteration
iós
Phonetics
ee-os'
Origin
perhaps from eimi (to go) or hiemi (to send)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
3:334,368
Definition
Thayer's
  1. poison (of animals)
    1. poison of asps is under their lips,
    2. spoken of men given to reviling and calumniating and thereby injuring others
  2. rust
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1121 ‑ בֵּן (bane);  2430 ‑ חֵילָה (khay‑law');  2534 ‑ חֵמָה (khay‑maw', khay‑maw');  6567 ‑ פָּרַשׁ (paw‑rash');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (3)
Romans
1
James
2
NAS (3)
Romans
1
James
2
HCS (3)
Romans
1
James
2
BSB (3)
Romans
1
James
2
ESV (3)
Romans
1
James
2
WEB (3)
Romans
1
James
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἰός

(A) [ ], , pl. ἰοί, heterocl. ἰά Il. 20.68 (Cypr., acc. to AB 1095):

arrow, ἰὸν ἕηκε Il. 1.48; βλήμενος ἢ ἰῷ ἢ ἔγχεϊ 8.514, cf. A. Pers. 461; ἧκεν κομήτην ἰόν S. Tr. 567. (Cf. Skt. í[snull ] 'arrow'.)

ἰός

(B) [ ], ,

poison, as of serpents, A. Eu. 478, S. Tr. 771, E. Ion 1015, Plu. 2.562c, etc.; venom of a mad dog, Ruf. Fr. 118; ἰὸς ἀμεμφὴς μελισσῶν, of honey with which snakes fed Iamos, Pi. O. 6.47: metaph., of envy, A. Ag. 834. (Cf. Skt. vi[snull ]ám 'poison', Lat. vîrus.)

ἰός

(C) [ ], ,

rust on iron, or verdigris on copper and bronze, Sapph. 141 (dub.), Thgn. 451, Pl. R. 609a, Ti. 59c, Theoc. 16.17; ἰ. σιδήρου Dsc. 5.80; ἰ. χαλκοῦ Hp. Mul. 1.75, Dsc. 5.79, Gal. 12.218; patina on bronze statues, ὅπως καθαρὸς ἰοῦ ἔσται ὁ ἀνδριάς SIG 284.15 (Chios, iv B.C.), cf. Plu. 2.395b. (Perh. identical with ἰός B.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἰός , -οῦ , ,

[in LXX: Ezekiel 24:6; Ezekiel 24:11-12 (H2457), Psalms 140:3 (H2534), al.;]

1. an arrow.

2. rust (Ez, l.c.): James 5:3 (cf. MM, Exp., xv).

3. poison: fig., Romans 3:13 (Ps. l.c.), James 3:8.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Syll 587.810 (B.C. 329) σίδηρος καταβεβρωμένος ὑπὸ τοῦ ἰοῦ illustrates the special sense of ";rust,"; found in James 5:3 : cf. ib. 139.15 (iii/B.C.) ὅπως δὲ καθαρὸς [ ]οῦ ἔσται ὁ ἀνδρίας. . . ἐπιμελεῖσθαι τοὺς ἀγορανόμους. The more general sense is seen in P Tebt II. 273.16 (ii/iii A.D.) ε ̣ἰοῦ Κυπρί [ου ] (δραχμὴ) α ̄, similarly .37, in medical prescriptions for the eyes.

As against Grimm’s ";very uncert. deriv."; the word is obviously cognate with the Latin virus (Zend viš–, v̯ša–, skr. višam : see Boisacq, p. 379).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ιος ιός ἰὸς ιου ιού ἰοῦ ιούς ios iòs iou ioû
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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