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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2463 - ἶρις

perhaps from (G2046) (as a symbol of the female messenger of the pagan deities)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a rainbow
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6916 ‑ קִדָּה (kid‑daw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (1)
Revelation 1
BSB (2)
Revelation 2
CSB (2)
Revelation 2
ESV (2)
Revelation 2
KJV (2)
Revelation 2
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (2)
Revelation 2
N95 (2)
Revelation 2
NAS (2)
Revelation 2
NLT (2)
Revelation 3
WEB (2)
Revelation 2
YLT (2)
Revelation 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

Ἶρις, ιδος, ἡ,

acc. Ἶριν, voc. Ἶρι: —

1. Iris, the messenger of the gods among themselves, Il. 8.398 (never in Od.), Hes. Th. 780, etc. (Perh. fr. Ϝῖρις, cf. ὠκέα Ἶρις Il. 2.786, al., Hes. l.c.; ὦκα δὲ Ἶρις Il. 23.198 (Pap.); possibly also fr. Ἐϝῖρις: Εἶρις is the name of a ship, IG 22.1611c137 (iv B.C.), but ἶρις is written in Michel 832 (Samos, iv B.C.): allegorized as προφορικὸς λόγος and derived from εἴρω by Stoic. 2.43.) II as Appellat., ἶρις, ἡ, gen. ἴριδος Thphr. CP 6.11.13, also εως Androm. ap. Gal. 14.43, POxy. 1088.34 (i A.D.), Gp. 6.8.1; acc. ἶριν Michel l.c., Plu. 2.664e, ἴριδα Nic. Al. 406; dat. pl. ἴρισσιν (v. infr.): rainbow, δράκοντες.., ἴρισσιν ἐοικότες, ἅς τε Κρονίων ἐν νέφεϊ στήριξε, τέρας μερόπων ἀνθρώπων Il. 11.27, cf. Arist. Mete. 375a1, Epicur. Ephesians 2 p.51U.

2. any bright-coloured circle surrounding another body, as the lunar rainbow, Arist. Mete. 375a18; halo of candle, Thphr. Sign. 13; round the eyes of a peacock's tail, Luc. Dom. 11; the iris of the eye, Ruf. Onom. 24, [ Gal. ] 14.702; also, section through the ciliary region, Gal. UP 10.2.

3. iridescent garment, Michel l.c.

4. various species of the botanical genus iris, e.g. the purple Iris, I. germanica or pallida, εὐάνθεμον ἶριν AP 4.1.9 (Mel.); τὸ ἄνθος πολλὰς ἔχει ἐν αὑτῷ ποικιλίας Arist. Col. 796b26, cf. Plin. HN 21.40; also, the white variety of it, I. florentina, from the rhizome of which the orris-root of commerce is made, Thphr. HP 1.7.2, CP 6.11.13, etc.; ἶρις Ἰλλυρική Dsc. 1.1, cf. Plin. HN 13.14: in this sense some wrote it oxyt. ἰρίς, ίδος, Eust. 391.33, Sch.Nic.l.c.

5. a precious stone, Plin. HN 37.136.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἶρις, ἰριδος, (Iris), a rainbow: Revelation 4:3; Revelation 10:1. (Homer, Aristotle, Theophrastus, others).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἶρις , -ιδος , ,

[in LXX: Exodus 30:24 (H6916)*, (H7198, Genesis 9:13, Ezekiel 1:28, is rendered by τόξον );]

1. Iris, the messenger of the gods.

2. a rainbow or halo: Revelation 4:3; Revelation 10:1.

3. The plant Iris (cf. Ex., l.c.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This subst. in its derived sense of the white iris plant, from whose aromatic root the orris-root of commerce is produced, occurs in P Tebt II. 414.11 (ii/A.D.) ἐὰν κομψῶς σχῶ (cf. John 4:52) πέμψω [τ ]ῇ θυγατρί σου κοτ ̣υ ̣λην ἴρις (l. ἴρεως), ";if my health is good I will send a cotyle of orris-root for your daughter"; (Edd.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ίρεως ιρις ίρις ἶρις iris îris
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