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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2541 - Καῖσαρ
Caesar = "severed"
- the surname of Julius Caesar, which adopted by Octavius Augustus and his successors afterwards became a title, and was appropriated by the Roman emperors as part of their title
Καῖσαρ, ᾰρος, ὁ,
(said to be Punic, = elephant, Lyd. Mens. 4.102)
Caesar, a cognomen of the Gens Julia; esp. of Julius Caesar, D.S. 5.22, Str. 4.5.3, etc.; Κ. ὁ θεός prob. in OGI 767.5; also of Augustus, ib.458.9 (9 B.C.), Nic.Dam. Vit.Caes. tit., etc.; ὁ νεὸς Κ., opp. ὁ πρεσβύτερος Κ., ib. 6; in general, the Emperor, OGI 473.8, etc.; Καίσαρος ἀπελεύθερος ib.629.90, etc.; Πρῖμος Καίσαρος, i. e. P. the Emperor's slave, Wilcken Chr. 112.4; ἀπόδοτε τὰ Καίσαρος Καίσαρι Luke 20:25 : pl., οἱ Καίσαρες OGI 516.21: as title of the designated successor, Καίσαρα ἀποδεικνύει Hdn. 2.15.3, etc.; name of month in the province of Asia, OGI 458.54, etc.: —
hence Καισάρειος, ον, of, belonging to Caesar, οἱ Κ. his household or officials, POxy. 477.5 (ii A. D.), D.C. 52.24, al.; οἶκος Κ., hall in Herod the Great's palace, J. BJ 1.21.1; τὸ Κ. temple of Julius Caesar at Alexandria, Str. 17.1.9: Καισάρεια (καιρό-ηα), τά, games in honour of Gaius Caesar at Cos, SIG 1065.9 (Cos); at Corinth and elsewhere, IG 7.1856 (Thespiae), etc.: Καισάρειος, or καιρό-ιος, ὁ (sc. μήν), name of month in Egypt and elsewhere, POxy. 45.17 (i A. D.), Hemerolog.Flor., etc.: —
also Καισαρεών, ῶνος, ὁ, REt. Gr. 19.268 (Κες-, Aphrodisias):
Καῖσαρ , -αρος , ὁ ,
Cæsar: Matthew 22:17, Luke 2:1, John 19:12, Acts 25:8 ff., al.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Lightfoot (Phil..2 p. 169 ff.) has shown that by the phrase οἱ ἐκ τῆς Καίσαρος οἰκίας in Philippians 4:22 we are probably to understand slaves and freedmen attached to the palace, and has appealed to inscriptional evidence to prove that the designation embraced a large number of persons both in Rome and elsewhere (e.g. Ephesus), filling every description of more or less domestic office : see further SH p. 418 ff. In BGU I. 156.8 (A.D.201) χρηματίσατε Σατουρνείνῳ Καισάρων οἰκονόμῳ, Wilcken (Ostr. i. p. 499 n..4) holds that Καισάρων stands for Καισάρων δούλῳ : similarly in P Lond 256 recto.1 (A.D. 11–15) (= II. p. 96) Φαῦστος Πρίσκου Καίσαρος = Φ. Π. Καίσαρος δούλου (ib. p. 662); cf. the simple gen. Χριστοῦ, ";belonging to Christ"; (Galatians 3:29 al. : Deissmann LAE p. 382). On the other hand Καισάρειοι = ";Imperial freedmen,"; e.g. in P Oxy III. 477.5 (A.D.132–3), though their exact position is far from clear : see Chrest. I. 1. p. 47, and cf. Schubart Archiv v. p. 116 ff. For Καισαριανοί, ";Caesar’s officials,"; see Epict. i. 19. 19, and for καισάριον, ";palace,"; see an inscr. of the time of the Emperor Maurice referred to in Archiv ii. p. 403.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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