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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #257 - ἅλων
- a ground plot or threshing floor, i.e. a place in the field made hard after the harvest by a roller, where grain was threshed out
ἅλων, ωνος, ἡ, = cross ἅλως (usu. in sense 1), rare in nom., Thphr. Sign. 31 (pl., in sense 11.1), LXX Hosea 9:2, BGU 651.5 (ii A.D.); more freq. in oblique cases, BCH 39.55 (Arcad., iv B.C., in sense of plantation (?)), PLille 13.3, Arist. Vent. 973a14, LXX Genesis 50:10, etc.
ἅλων , -ωνος
(for Attic ἅλως , -ω , v. MM, VGT, s.v.), ἡ ,
[in LXX 23 chiefly for H1637;]
a threshing floor: Matthew 3:12, Luke 3:17 (here prob. by meton. = the grain on the threshingfloor).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The old form ἅλως , in the ";Attic"; declension, is still very much more common in papyri, e.g. P Fay 11218 f. (A.D. 99) μὴ σπουδασέτωσαν ἅλω , ";do not let them be in a hurry with the threshing-floor,"; P Lond 31417 (A.D. 149) ( = II. p. 190) ἐφ᾽ ἅλ ̣ω ̣ τῶν ἐδα ̣φῶν , i.e. as soon as the corn is threshed; but the NT third declension form is found in P Tebt I. 848 (B.C. 118) ἁλώνωι ( = ων , see Proleg. p. 49), PSI 371 (A.D. 82) ἐφ᾽ ἁλώνων , BGU II. 6515 (ii/A.D.), ib. III. 75911 (ii/A.D.), P Strass I. 1020 (iii/A.D.), P Lond 123913 (A.D. 278–81) ( = III. p. 52), and ib. 9767 (A.D. 315) ( = III. p. 231). See further Crönert Mem. Herc., p. ix. The derivative ἡ ἁλωνία , the space reserved for a threshing-floor, occurs P Tebt II. 3466 (early i/A.D.), BGU I. 1468 (ii/iii A.D.), P Lond, 1170 verso394 (A.D. 258–9) ( = III. p. 202), and P Oxy X. 12558 (A.D. 292).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 7 / Ordinary 12