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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2585 - καπηλεύω
- to be a retailer, to peddle
- to make money by selling anything
- to get sordid gain by dealing in anything, to do a thing for base gain
- to trade in the word of God
- to try to get base gain by teaching divine truth
- to corrupt, to adulterate
- peddlers were in the habit of adulterating their commodities for the sake of gain
I to be a retail-dealer, drive a petty trade, Hdt. 1.155, 2.35, Isoc. 2.1, Nymphod. 21, IG 11(2).161 A 16 (Delos, iii B. C.), BGU 1024 vii 23 (iv A. D.); δι' ἀψύχου βορᾶς σίτοις καπήλευ ' drive a trade, chaffer with your vegetable food, E. Hipp. 953.
1. c. acc., sell by retail, τὸν ἕρπιν Hippon. 51.
2. metaph., κ. τὰ πρήγματα, of Darius, Hdt. 3.89; κ. τὰ μαθήματα sell learning by retail, hawk it about, Pl. Prt. 313d; κ. τὸν λόγον τοῦ θεοῦ 2 Corinthians 2:17; so ἔοικεν οὐ καπηλεύσειν μάχην will not peddle in war, i. e. fight half-heartedly, A. Th. 545; κ. τῇ Χάριτι τὴν ἀμοιβήν Epicur. Sent.Vat. 39; κ. τὴν πολιτείαν traffic in grants of citizenship, D.C. 60.17; κ. τῆς ὥρας ἄνθος or τὴν ὥραν, of prostitutes, Ph. 2.394, 576; εἰρήνην πρὸς Ῥωμαίους Χρυσίου κ. Hdn. 6.7.9; τύχη καπηλεύουσα.. τὸν βίον playing tricks with life, corrupting it, AP 9.180 (Pall.).
(< κάπηλος , a huckster, cf. Isaiah 1:22 (LXX), Sirach 26:29),
to make a trade of (RV, mg., make merchandise of), or perhaps (cf. Isa, l.c.) to corrupt (RV, tit.): 2 Corinthians 2:17.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
This verb is confined in Biblical Greek to 2 Corinthians 2:17, where the meaning ";deal in for purposes of gain"; rather than ";adulterate"; may be illustrated from BGU IV. 1024vii. 23 (end of iv/A.D. : Archiv iii. p. 302) with reference to a harlot—ὅτι [τὸν μ ]ὲν βίον ἀσεμνῶς διῆγεν, τὸ δὲ τε ̣[λος. . ]μ ̣ως ν ̣υ ̣π ̣ε ̣ριον ἐκαπήλευσεν. See also the rebuke addressed by Apollonius of Tyana to Euphrates Vita Apoll. i. 13 ἀπῆγε τοῦ χρηματίζεσθαί τε καὶ τὴν σοφίαν καπηλεύειν, ";tried to wean him of his love of filthy lucre and of huckstering his wisdom"; (Conybeare), and the use of καπηλικός = ";mercenary"; in M. Anton. iv. 28. The verb is used = ";trade,"; ";sell,"; in Michel 594.16 (B.C. 279) τῶν οἰκημάτων ἐν οἷς Ἔφεσος καπηλεύει, and for the subst. κάπηλος, ";dealer,"; ";huckster"; (cf. Isaiah 1:22, Sirach 26:29), especially with reference to a retailer of wine, see P Tebt II. 612 (i/ii A.D.) καπήλων Τεβτύνεως διὰ τῶν οἰνοπρατῶν ἑκάστ (ου) (δραχμαὶ) η ̄. For the fem. καπηλίς, see P Fay 12.23 (c. B.C. 103), and for καπηλεῖον, ";inn,"; ";tavern,"; see P Tebt I. 43.16 (B.C. 118). Cf. MGr καπηλειό, ";retail shop.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 7 / Ordinary 12