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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2585 - καπηλεύω

from kapelos (a huckster)
Parts of Speech
  1. to be a retailer, to peddle
  2. to make money by selling anything
    1. to get sordid gain by dealing in anything, to do a thing for base gain
    2. to trade in the word of God
      1. to try to get base gain by teaching divine truth
    3. to corrupt, to adulterate
      1. peddlers were in the habit of adulterating their commodities for the sake of gain
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
2 Corinthians
NAS (1)
2 Corinthians
HCS (1)
2 Corinthians
BSB (1)
2 Corinthians
ESV (1)
2 Corinthians
WEB (1)
2 Corinthians
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I to be a retail-dealer, drive a petty trade, Hdt. 1.155, 2.35, Isoc. 2.1, Nymphod. 21, IG 11(2).161 A 16 (Delos, iii B. C.), BGU 1024 vii 23 (iv A. D.); δι' ἀψύχου βορᾶς σίτοις καπήλευ ' drive a trade, chaffer with your vegetable food, E. Hipp. 953.


1. c. acc., sell by retail, τὸν ἕρπιν Hippon. 51.

2. metaph., κ. τὰ πρήγματα, of Darius, Hdt. 3.89; κ. τὰ μαθήματα sell learning by retail, hawk it about, Pl. Prt. 313d; κ. τὸν λόγον τοῦ θεοῦ 2 Corinthians 2:17; so ἔοικεν οὐ καπηλεύσειν μάχην will not peddle in war, i. e. fight half-heartedly, A. Th. 545; κ. τῇ Χάριτι τὴν ἀμοιβήν Epicur. Sent.Vat. 39; κ. τὴν πολιτείαν traffic in grants of citizenship, D.C. 60.17; κ. τῆς ὥρας ἄνθος or τὴν ὥραν, of prostitutes, Ph. 2.394, 576; εἰρήνην πρὸς Ῥωμαίους Χρυσίου κ. Hdn. 6.7.9; τύχη καπηλεύουσα.. τὸν βίον playing tricks with life, corrupting it, AP 9.180 (Pall.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* καπηλεύω

(< κάπηλος , a huckster, cf. Isaiah 1:22 (LXX), Sirach 26:29),

to make a trade of (RV, mg., make merchandise of), or perhaps (cf. Isa, l.c.) to corrupt (RV, tit.): 2 Corinthians 2:17.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This verb is confined in Biblical Greek to 2 Corinthians 2:17, where the meaning ";deal in for purposes of gain"; rather than ";adulterate"; may be illustrated from BGU IV. 1024vii. 23 (end of iv/A.D. : Archiv iii. p. 302) with reference to a harlot—ὅτι [τὸν μ ]ὲν βίον ἀσεμνῶς διῆγεν, τὸ δὲ τε ̣[λος. . ]μ ̣ως ν ̣υ ̣π ̣ε ̣ριον ἐκαπήλευσεν. See also the rebuke addressed by Apollonius of Tyana to Euphrates Vita Apoll. i. 13 ἀπῆγε τοῦ χρηματίζεσθαί τε καὶ τὴν σοφίαν καπηλεύειν, ";tried to wean him of his love of filthy lucre and of huckstering his wisdom"; (Conybeare), and the use of καπηλικός = ";mercenary"; in M. Anton. iv. 28. The verb is used = ";trade,"; ";sell,"; in Michel 594.16 (B.C. 279) τῶν οἰκημάτων ἐν οἷς Ἔφεσος καπηλεύει, and for the subst. κάπηλος, ";dealer,"; ";huckster"; (cf. Isaiah 1:22, Sirach 26:29), especially with reference to a retailer of wine, see P Tebt II. 612 (i/ii A.D.) καπήλων Τεβτύνεως διὰ τῶν οἰνοπρατῶν ἑκάστ (ου) (δραχμαὶ) η ̄. For the fem. καπηλίς, see P Fay 12.23 (c. B.C. 103), and for καπηλεῖον, ";inn,"; ";tavern,"; see P Tebt I. 43.16 (B.C. 118). Cf. MGr καπηλειό, ";retail shop.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκαπνίζετο καπηλευοντες καπηλεύοντες κάπηλοί καπνιζόμενον καπνιζόμενος καπνιζομένων καπνίζον καπνίζονται καπνισθήσονται kapeleuontes kapeleúontes kapēleuontes kapēleúontes
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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