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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2631 - κατάκριμα

from (G2632)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
  1. damnatory sentence, condemnation
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (3)
NAS (3)
HCS (3)
BSB (3)
ESV (2)
WEB (3)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κατά-κρῐμα, ατος, τό,

1. condemnation, judgement, D.H. 6.61.

2. punishment, fine, damage, CPR 1.16 (i A. D.), PAmh. 2.114.8 (ii A. D.), Romans 5:16, Romans 8:1.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατά -κριμα , -τος , τό

(< κατακρίνω ),

penalty (RV, condemnation; but cf. Deiss., BS, 264 f.; MM, Exp., xv): Romans 5:16; Romans 5:18; Romans 8:1.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Deissmann (BS p. 264 f.) quotes several passages from CPR I. where he thinks the word must be understood technically to denote ";a burden ensuing from a judicial pronouncement – a servitude,"; as in 1.15 ff. (A.D. 83–4) where a piece of land is transferred to the purchaser καθαρὰ ἀπὸ παντὸς ὀφειλήματος ἀπὸ μὲν δημοσίων τελεσμάτων πάντων καὶ [ἑτέρων εἰ ]δῶν καὶ ἀρταβίων καὶ ναυβίων καὶ ἀριθμητικῶν καὶ ἐπιβολῆς κώμης καὶ κατακριμάτων πάντων καὶ παντὸς εἴδους, and 188.14 f. (A.D. 105–6) where in a deed of sale similar expressions occur. To these exx. we may add P Oxy II. 298.4 (i/A.D.) τοῦ κατακρίματος (δραχμῶν) Σ ̄, where though unfortunately the phrase follows an hiatus, the word is apparently = ";a judgment"; for a sum of money to be paid as a fine or damages. Cf. P Tebt II. 228.65 (A.D. 107–8) κατ ̣α ̣κ [ρ ]ι ̣[μ (άτων)], where the editors point out that the reference is to ";fines,"; and compare ib. 363.15 (early ii/A.D.), P Fay 66.1 (A.D. 185 or 217), and P Amh II. 114.8 (A.D. 131); these fines were normally collected by πράκτορες, cf. Luke 12:58. It follows that this word does not mean condemnation but the punishment following sentence, so that the ";earlier lexicographers"; mentioned by Deissmann were right This not only suits Romans 8:1 admirably, as Deissmann points out, but it materially helps the exegesis of Romans 5:16; Romans 5:18. There is no adequate antithesis between κρίμα and κατάκριμα, for the former never suggests a trial ending in acquittal. If κατάκριμα means the result of the κρίμα, the ";penal servitude"; from which οἱ ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ are delivered (8:1), δικαίωμα represents the ";restoration"; of the criminal, the fresh chance given him. The antithesis is seen better in ver. 18 , for δικαίωσις is ";a process of absolution, carrying with it life"; (SH), which exactly answers to κατάκριμα, the permanent imprisonment for a debt we cannot pay : Matthew 18:34 paints the picture of this hopeless state.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κατακριμα κατάκριμα katakrima katákrima
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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