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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2748 - Κεδρών
Cedron or Kidron = "turbid"
- the name of a winter torrent, rising near Jerusalem and flowing down through a valley of Kidron, having the Mount of Olives on the east, into the Dead Sea
κέδρος , -ου , ἡ ,
a cedar: χείμαρρος τῶν Κ . (as in 2Sam, 1Ki, ll. c.), John 18:1 (Rec. Tr., WH, R, mg.; τοῦ Κέδρου , T, WH, mg., see Κεδρών , and cf. Westc., in l; WH, App., 89 f.; Abbott, JG, 513 ff).†
(see κέδρος ), ὁ ,
(in FlJ, gen. -ῶνος ; Heb. H6939),
[in LXX: 2 Samuel 15:23, 2 Kings 23:6, al.;]
Cedron (OT, Kidron): χείμαρρος τοῦ Κ ., John 18:1 (L, Tr., mg., R, txt.; cf. Bl., 10, 5; Lft., Essays, 172 ff).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
We appear to nave the gen. plur. of this word in the generally accepted reading of John 18:1 πέραν τοῦ χειμάρρου τῶν Κέδρων, but it is probable that this is due to a popular misunderstanding of the real reading τοῦ Κεδρών, where Κεδρών is the indeclinable Hellenized form of a Semitic word קדרוֹן ";dark,"; and indicates that the stream was so called from the turbid character of its waters : see especially Lightfoot Biblical Essays, p. 172 ff., Moulton Gr. ii. §60 (12).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Fourth Week after Epiphany