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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2758 - κενόω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2756)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to empty, make empty
    1. of Christ, he laid aside equality with or the form of God
  2. to make void
    1. deprive of force, render vain, useless, of no effect
  3. to make void
    1. cause a thing to be seen to be empty, hollow, false
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5999 ‑ עָמָל (aw‑mawl');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (7)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 2
NAS (9)
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 2
Philippians 1
CSB (5)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
BSB (5)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
ESV (5)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
WEB (7)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


E. Med. 959, Pl. Smp. 197d; κεινόω Nic. Th. 56, Al. 140: fut. κενώσω E. Ion 447: aor. ἐκένωσα Id. Ba. 730: pf. κεκένωκα App. BC 5.67: Pass., fut. κενωθήσομαι Gal. 4.709, κενεώσομαι Emp. 16: aor. ἐκενώθην Th. 2.51: pf. κεκένωμαι Hdt. 4.123, Hp. Morb.Sacr. 9: (κενός):


1. empty, πᾶσαν ἠπείρου πλάκα A. Pers. 718 (troch.); ναούς E. Ion l.c.: c. gen., empty of a thing, ἀνδρῶν τάνδε πόλιν κενῶσαι A. Supp. 660, cf. E. Rh. 914 (lyr.); χέρας [δώρων ] Id. Med. l.c.; τινὰ τᾶς συοπλουτοσύνας Cerc. 4.13; opp. πληροῦν τινά τινος, Pl.l.c., cf. R. 560d: Pass., to be emptied, made or left empty, S. OT 29; ἐς τὸ κενούμενον into the space continually left empty, Th. 2.76; οἰκίαι πολλαὶ ἐκενώθησαν ib. 51: c.gen., τούτων κενεώσεται.. αἰών will be left without them, Emp.l.c.; κεκενωμένου τοῦ τείχεος πάντων stripped of all things, Hdt.l.c.

2. make a place empty by leaving it, desert it, βωμοῦ ἐσχάραν E. Andr. 1138; λόχμην Id. Ba. l.c.: Pass., κενωθεισῶν τῶν νεῶν Th. 8.57.

3. Medic., empty by depletion, opp. πληροῦν, Hp. Aph. 2.51, cf. Aret. CA 1.2, Gal.l.c.; τινα Phld. Lib. p.30 O.; carry off, αἷμα Luc. Ocyp. 93; ἐκ τοῦ σώματος χολήν Gal. Nat.Fac. 1.13: Pass., τὰ κενούμενα evacuations, Id. 6.78, Antyll. ap. Stob. 4.37.27.

4. empty out, pour away, φάρμακον Iamb.Bab. 7: metaph., πλοῦτον f.l. in Ph. 1.119: Pass., τοῦ λαοῦ κενωθέντος D.S. 24.1; make away with, θανάτου βάρος Cypr. Fr. 1.6.

5. expend, εἴς με κένωσον πᾶν βέλος AP 5.57 (Arch.).

6. in Pass., waste away, shrivel, Thphr. HP 7.4.3, 9.14.3.

II metaph., make empty, ἑαυτόν Philippians 2:7; make void or of no effect, καύχημα 1 Corinthians 9:15; ὑπάρξεις Vett.Val. 90.7: Pass., to be or become so, Romans 4:14.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κενόω, κενῷ: (future κενώσω, 1 Corinthians 9:15 L text T Tr WH); 1 aorist ἐκενωσα; passive, perfect κεκνωμαι; 1 aorist ἐκενωθην;

1. to empty, make empty: ἑαυτόν ἐκένωσε, namely, τοῦ εἶναι ἴσα Θεῷ or τῆς μορφῆς τοῦ Θεοῦ, i. e. he laid aside equality with or the form of God (said of Christ), Philippians 2:7 (see a fuller exposition of this passage in

2. to make void i. e. deprive of force, render vain, useless, of no effect: passive, Romans 4:14; 1 Corinthians 1:17.

3. to make void i. e. cause a thing to be seen to be empty, hollow, false: τό καύχημα, 1 Corinthians 9:15; passive 2 Corinthians 9:3. (Twice in the Sept. viz. Jeremiah 14:2; Jeremiah 15:9; often in Attic writings.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κενόω , - ,

(< κενός , q.v.),

[in LXX: Jeremiah 14:2; Jeremiah 15:9 (H5999 pu.)*;]

to empty. Metaph., to empty, make empty, vain or of no effect: καύχημα , 1 Corinthians 9:15; ἑαυτόν , of Christ, Philippians 2:7 (v Lft.; ICC, in 1, and esp. Gifford, Incarn., 54 ff.); pass., πίστις , Romans 4:14; ὁ σταυρός , 1 Corinthians 1:17; καύχημα , 2 Corinthians 9:3

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

A new literary example of this word from ii/A.D. occurs in the Meliambi of Cercidas, P Oxy VIII. 1082 Fr. 1ii. 5ff. ῥεῖα γάρ ἐστι θεῷ πᾶν ἐκτελέσαι χρῆμ᾽ ὅκκ᾽ ἐπὶ νοῦν ἴῃ, ἢ τὸν ῥυποκιβδοτόκωνα καὶ τεθνακοχαλκίδαν ἢ τ [ ]ν παλινεκχυμενίταν τῶν κτεάνων ὄλεθρον τοῦτον κενῶσαι τᾶς συοπλουτοσύνας, ";for it is easy for a god to accomplish everything whenever it comes into his mind, and to empty of his swinish wealth the dirty usurer and hoarder or this outpourer and ruin of his substance"; (Ed.). So far as it goes this would seem to support the RV rendering ";emptied Himself"; in Philippians 2:7. [For a note on this passage see JTS xii. p. 461 ff.] Cf. further the use of the compound ἐκκενόω in BGU I. 27.7 (ii/iii A.D.) where a man in the com service writes to say— ἐξε [κ ̣]ε ̣νωσα μὲν τῷ ι ̄η ̄ τοῦ αὐτοῦ μηνός, ";I finished unloading on the 18th of the same month,"; P Ryl II. 125.24 (A.D. 28–9), cited s.v. κενός, and Preisigke 4368 Λατομίας τὸ πρῶτον ἀνεύρετο, αὐτὰρ ἔπειτα τάσδ᾽ ὁ Μενιππείδης ἐξεκένωσε πέτρας — a building inscription. On the other hand, the simplex appears to have the meaning ";make void"; in Vett. Val. p. 90.7 ὁ τῆς περιποιήσεως κύριος ἐναντιούμενος τῷ περιποιήματι κενοῖ τὰς ὑπάρξεις. In ib. p. 190.30 we have the phrase κένωσιν βίου, and in BGU III. 904.13 (A.D. 161–2) ]κ τῆς κενώσεως is found in a broken context. An epigram from Smyrna of iii/B.C. speaks of—οἱ κενέωμα τάφου ποθέοντες, and κενώματα, ";empty jars,"; is found in P Oxy X. 1292.4 (c. A.D. 30) al.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκενώθη εκενώθησαν εκενωσεν ἐκένωσεν κεκενωται κεκένωται κεντουσί κενωθη κενωθή κενωθῇ κενωσει κενώσει κενώση ekenosen ekenōsen ekénosen ekénōsen kekenotai kekenōtai kekénotai kekénōtai kenosei kenōsei kenṓsei kenothe kenōthē kenothêi kenōthē̂i
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