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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2769 - κεράτιον
- a little horn
- the name of the fruit, Ceratonia silqua or carobtree (called also John's Bread [from the notion that its pods, which resemble those of the "locust", constituted the food of the Baptist]. This fruit was shaped like a horn and has a sweet taste; it was and is used not only for fattening swine, but as an article of food by the lower classes.
κερᾱτ-ιον, τό, Dim. of κέρας,
1. small horn, D.S. 3.73, Arist. ap. Plu. 2.977a.
2. of the antennae of the κάραβος, Arist. HA 526a7; of the hermit-crab, ib. 529a27.
3. in pl., curved ends of the womb (cf. κεραία 11.7), ib. 510b19.
4. musical instrument, perh. fife or clarionet, D.S. 29.32, prob. for κεραμείου in Plb. 26.1.4, cf. ib. 1a. 2.
II carat, 1 / 1728 of a pound, Dsc. ap. Gal. 19.775, Archig. ap. Aët. 6.37, Hero *Mens. 60.21, Just. Nou. 32.1; = Lat. siliqua, OGI 521.27 (Abydos, v/vi A.D.).
III = cross κερατωνία, Colum. Arbor. 25. v. cross κεράτια.
* κεράτιον , -ου , τό
(dimin. of κέρας ),
1. a little horn (Arist.).
2. In pl. (the fruit of the κερατέα ), carob-pods: Luke 15:16.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In P Lond 131*.7 (A.D. 78) (= I. p. 189) κεράτ (ια) is used of the fruit of the carob, as in Luke 15:16 : cf. P Leid Xxii. 35 (medical prescription—iii/iv AD.) (= p. 237) ἀκάνθης κεράτια. From v/A.D. onwards the word is used in Egypt, like the Latin siliqua, of a money measure, the ";carat"; : see e.g. P Oxy I. 154 verso (vii/A.D.) with the editor’s notes, and Chrest. I. i. p. lxvii.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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