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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2833 - κνήθω

from a primary knao (to scrape)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to scratch, tickle, make to itch
  2. to itch
  3. desirous of hearing something pleasant
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (1)
2 Timothy 1
BSB (1)
2 Timothy 1
CSB (1)
2 Timothy 1
ESV (1)
2 Timothy 1
KJV (1)
2 Timothy 1
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (1)
2 Timothy 1
N95 (1)
2 Timothy 1
NAS (1)
2 Timothy 1
NLT (1)
2 Timothy 1
WEB (1)
2 Timothy 1
YLT (1)
2 Timothy 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


1. later form of κνάω, scratch, ὡς λέγεται, κνήθειν οἶδεν ὄνος τὸν ὄνον AP 12.238.8 (Strat.), cf. Moer. p.234 P.: Med., κνήθεσθαι εἰς τὰς ἀκάνθας τὰ ἕλκη to get one's sores scratched, Arist. HA 609a32.

2. Pass., itch, Paul. Aeg. 6.60; κνηθόμενοι τὴν ἀκοήν 2 Timothy 4:3; to be provoked, Arist. Pr. 957b15.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κνήθω: present passive κνήθομαι; (from κνάω, infinitive κναν and Attic κνην); to scratch, tickle, make to itch; passive to itch: κνηθόμενοι τήν ἀκοήν (on the accusative cf. Winers Grammar, § 32, 5), i. e. desirous of hearing something pleasant (Hesychius, κνήθειν τήν ἀκοήν. ζητοῦντες τί ἀκοῦσαι, καθ' ἡδονήν), 2 Timothy 4:3. (Middle τόν ὄνον κνήθεσθαι εἰς τάς ἀκάνθας τά ἕλκη, its sores, Aristotle, h. a. 9, 1, p. 609a, 32; κνην Ἀττικοι, κνήθειν Ἕλληνες, Moeris, p. 234; (cf. Veitch, under the word κνάω).)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* * κνήθω

(late form of κνάω ),

1. to scratch.

2. to tickle; pass., to itch: 2 Timothy 4:3.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The use of this rare Hellenistic verb in 2 Timothy 4:3 is well illustrated by Clem. Al. Strom. I. iii. 22. 5 (p. 15, ed. Stählin) κνήθοντες καὶ γαργαλίζοντες οὐκ ἀνδρικῶς, ἐμοὶ δοκεῖν, τὰς ἀκοὰς τῶν κνήσασθαι γλιχομένων, ";scratching and tickling, in what I consider an unmanly way, the ears of those who wish to be tickled,"; with reference to the ";jargon"; of the Sophists. For a new literary reference see Herodas iv. 51 ἔσσετ᾽ ἡμέρη κείνη, | ἐν ᾗ τὸ βρέγμα τοῦτο τὠσυρὲς κνήσῃ, ";the day will come when you will scratch your dirty poll"; : cf. for the Attic κνάω ib. viii. 8 τόν ]θρυζε καὶ κνῶ, ";grumble and scratch your head.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κνηθομενοι κνηθόμενοι κνήμαι κνήμαις κνήμας κνήμην κνημίδες κνήφη κνίδη knethomenoi knethómenoi knēthomenoi knēthómenoi
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