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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2847 - κόκκινος
- crimson, scarlet coloured. A kernel, the grain or berry of the "ilex coccifera"; these berries are the clusters of the eggs of a female insect, the "kermes" (resembling the cochineal), and when collected and pulverised produces a red which was used in dyeing (Pliny)
- scarlet cloth or clothing
κόκκ-ῐνος, η, ον,
I scarlet, Herod. 6.19, Hebrews 9:19, PHamb. 10.24 (ii A.D.), Plu. Fab. 15; κ. γενόμενος blushing, Com.Adesp. 19.3 D.
II Subst. κόκκινα, τά, scarlet clothes, ἐν κ. περιπατεῖν, κ. φορεῖν, Arr. Epict. 3.22.10, 4.11.34; - ων βαφαί PHolm. 21.41: sg., LXX Exodus 25:4.
† κόκκινος , -η , -ον
(< κόκκος , as used of the "berry" of the ilex coccifera, v. DB, iv, 416),
scarlet: Matthew 27:28, Hebrews 9:19, Revelation 17:3; neut., without substantive, of clothing, Revelation 17:4; Revelation 18:12; Revelation 18:16,†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
To the quotations for this adj. from Plutarch and Epictetus given by Grimm-Thayer, Deissmann (LAE p. 77) adds a reference to Herodas vi. 19 τὸν κόκκινον βαυβῶνα. From a later date we have such occurrences in the papyri as P Hamb I. 10.24 (ii/A.D.) κοκκίνην, P Tebt II. 405.5 (iii/A.D.) φορφυροῦ [ν ] καὶ κόκκινον, ";purple and scarlet"; (cf. Revelation 17:4), and P Lond 193 verso.22 (ii/A.D.) (= II. p. 246), the accounts of a pawnshop, which show that a ";scarlet shirt";—κιτὼν κόκκινος —realized an advance of 20 drachmae as against II drachmae for a ";new white shirt"; (χιτὼν ἄγναφος λευκός). On Hebrews 9:19 we may refer to Abt (Die Apologie des Apul., p. 148), who quotes Theocr. ii. 2 φοινικέῳ οἰὸς ἀώτῳ, and P Lond 46.338 (IV/A.D.) (= I. p. 77) ἅμματι φοινικίνῳ, pointing out ";der lustrative Charakter des Purpur."; MGr κόκκινος, ";red"; : κοκκινίζω, ";blush.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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