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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2959 - Κυρία

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2962)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
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  1. a Christian woman to whom the second Epistle of John is addressed
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1172 ‑ בַּעֲלָה (bah‑al‑aw');  1404 ‑ גְּבֶרֶת (gheb‑eh'‑reth);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
2 John 2
NAS (2)
2 John 2
HCS (2)
2 John 2
BSB (2)
2 John 2
WEB (0)
WEB (2)
2 John 2
Thayer's Expanded Definition

κυρία, κυρίας, , Cyria, a Christian woman to whom the Second Epistle of John is addressed: 2 John 1:1, 5 (G L T K C (and WH marginal reading in 2 John 1:1)). This proper name is not uncommon in other writers also; cf. Lücke, Comm. üb. die Brr. des John 3rd edition, p. 444. (But R Tr others κυρία, regarding the word as an appellative, lady; (αἱ γυναῖκες εὐθύς ἀπό τεσσαρεσκαίδεκα ἐτῶν ὑπό τῶν ἀνδρῶν κυριαι καλοῦνται, Epictetus enchir. 40). Cf. Westcott on 2 John as above).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(Κυρία , T, WH, mg.), -ας , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H1404;]

a lady: 2 John 1:1; 2 John 1:5 (on the interpretation, v. ICC, 167 ff.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The use of κυρία as a courteous, and even affectionate, form of address in the ordinary correspondence of the time, may be said to have settled what Westcott (Epp. of S. John, p. 214) regarded as the ";insoluble"; problem of 2 John 1:1; 2 John 1:5 by showing that κυρία there must be understood not of a church, nor of any dignified ";lady,"; but of a ";dear"; friend of the writer. Thus in P Oxy IV. 744.2 (B.C. 1) we find a man writing—Βεροῦτι τῇ κυρίᾳ μου, ";to my dear Berous,"; and similarly in an invitation to a festival, ib. I. 112.1, .3, .7 (iii/iv. A.D.), the appellative occurs thrice (cf. the repetition in 2 Jn) in the same sense—χαίροις, κυρία μου Σε ̣ρην ̣ία ̣ . . π (αρὰ) Πετοσείριος. πᾶν ποίησον, κυρία, ἐξελθεῖ [ν τῇ ] κ ̄ τοῖς γενεθλίοις τοῦ θεο ̣[ ] . . . ὅρα [μὴ ] ἀμελήσῃς, κυρία, ";greeting, dear Serenia, from Petosiris. Be sure, dear, to come up on the 20th for the birthday festival of the god. See that you do not forget, dear."; Cf. Exo VI. iii., p. 194 ff., where Rendel Harris with his accustomed ingenuity further discovers that John’s ";dear"; friend was a Gentile proselyte of the tribe of Ruth, and like Ruth a widow ! The word is also used with more formality by a slave addressing her ";mistress"; in P Tebt II. 413.1, .6, .20. (ii/iii A.D.) Ἀφ (= Ἀφρ)οδίτη Ἀρσινοῆτι τῇ κυρίᾳ πολλὰ χαίρειν. . μὴ δόξῃς με, κυρί [α ], ἠμεληκέναι σου τῶν ἐντολῶν. . . ἀπόδος παρ᾽ Ἀπ (= Ἀφρ)οδίτης κυρίᾳ, and in the Christian P Oxy VI. 939.5, .9 (iv/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 128), where a servant writes to his master that the favour of the Lord God had been shown—ὥστε τὴν ] κυρίαν ἀνασφῆλαι ἐκ τῆς καταλαβούσης [αὐτὴν νόσ ]ου, ";by the recovery of my mistress from the sickness which overtook her"; (Edd.), and hy saving her life in answer to her prayers—ταῖς εὐ ]χαῖς ἡμῶν ἐπένευσεν διασώσας ἡμῖν [τὴν ἡμῶν ] κυρίαν. See also s.v. κύριος.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κυρια κυρία κυρίᾳ κυρίαν κυρίας kuria kyria kyría kyríāi
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