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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3025 - ληνός
- a tub or trough shaped receptacle, vat, in which grapes are trodden
- the lower vat, dug in the ground, into which the must or new wine flowed from the press
ληνός, Dor. λᾱνός Theoc. 7.25, IG 14.150.5 (Syracuse): ἡ: —
anything shaped like a tub or trough, Hp. Mochl. 38; esp.
1. winevat in which the grapes are pressed, PCair.Zen. 300.15 (iii B.C.), Theoc. 7.25, 25.28, D.S. 3.63.
2. trough, for watering cattle, watering-place for them, h.Merc. 104, LXX Genesis 30:38; Genesis 30:41.
3. = κάρδοπος, kneading-trough, Men. 116.
4. socket into which the mast fitted, = ἱστοπέδη, AsclMyrl. ap. Ath. 11.474f, Poll. 1.91.
5. coffin, Pherecr. 5, CIG 1979, al. (Thessalonica), IG l.c.
6. part of the brain, the meeting-point of the sinuses of the dura mater, still called torcular Herophili, Herophil. ap. Gal. 2.712, cf. UP 9.6.
7. hollow of a chariot, Hsch. (pl.).
8. in pl., the lower parts of the nose, Poll. 2.80.
ληνός , -οῦ , ἡ
(in some MSS., LXX and NT, ὁ ),
a trough or vat; esp. for the treading of grapes: Matthew 21:33, Revelation 14:20; Revelation 19:16; τὴν λ . . . . τὸν μέγαν (a solecism perhaps inadvertent), Revelation 14:19 (cf. ὑπολήνιον ).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
P Amh II. 48.7 (B.C. 106) παρὰ ληνόν, ";at the wine-press,"; P Oxy IV. 729.19 (A.D. 137) ἀπ ]οδότωσαν τῷ μεμισθ [ω ]κότι τὸν μὲν οἷνον παρὰ ληνὸν νέον ἄδολον, ";they shall pay to the lessor the wine at the vat, new and unadulterated"; (Edd.), ib. III. 502.36 (A.D. 164) τὰς οὔσας ληνοὺς λιθίνας δύο ὑδριῶν καὶ ὅλμου, ";the two existing stone presses with the water-pitchers and trough"; (Edd.). The word is sometimes used to denote generally a receptacle for holding wine, see e.g. P Flor II. 139.1 (mid. iii/A.D.) τὴν δεκάτη [ν ] ληνὸν ἀπόλυσον Μαξίμῳ, with the editor’s note. In Wünsch AF 4.19 (iii/A.D.) τοὺς ληνοὺς ὅλους (for gender cf. Genesis 30:38; Genesis 30:41) = ";the whole coffins.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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