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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3025 - ληνός

Root Word (Etymology)
apparently a primary word
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a tub or trough shaped receptacle, vat, in which grapes are trodden
  2. the lower vat, dug in the ground, into which the must or new wine flowed from the press
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1660 ‑ גַּת (gath);  1831 ‑ דֶּמַע (deh'‑mah);  3342 ‑ יֶקֶב (yeh'‑keb);  4460 ‑ מַמְּגוּרָה (mam‑meg‑oo‑raw');  7298 ‑ רַהַט (rah'‑hat);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Matthew 1
Revelation 4
HCS (0)
HCS (5)
Matthew 1
Revelation 4
BSB (5)
Matthew 1
Revelation 4
ESV (3)
Revelation 3
WEB (5)
Matthew 1
Revelation 4
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ληνός, Dor. λᾱνός Theoc. 7.25, IG 14.150.5 (Syracuse): ἡ: —

anything shaped like a tub or trough, Hp. Mochl. 38; esp.

1. winevat in which the grapes are pressed, PCair.Zen. 300.15 (iii B.C.), Theoc. 7.25, 25.28, D.S. 3.63.

2. trough, for watering cattle, watering-place for them, h.Merc. 104, LXX Genesis 30:38; Genesis 30:41.

3. = κάρδοπος, kneading-trough, Men. 116.

4. socket into which the mast fitted, = ἱστοπέδη, AsclMyrl. ap. Ath. 11.474f, Poll. 1.91.

5. coffin, Pherecr. 5, CIG 1979, al. (Thessalonica), IG l.c.

6. part of the brain, the meeting-point of the sinuses of the dura mater, still called torcular Herophili, Herophil. ap. Gal. 2.712, cf. UP 9.6.

7. hollow of a chariot, Hsch. (pl.).

8. in pl., the lower parts of the nose, Poll. 2.80.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ληνός, ληνοῦ, (also , Genesis 30:38, 41 (cf. below)) (Theocritus, Diodorus, others);

1. a tubor trough-shaped receptacle, vat, in which grapes are trodden (A. V. wine-press) (Hebrew גַּת): Revelation 14:20; Revelation 19:15; τήν ληνόν ... τόν μέγαν (for R Tr marginal reading τήν μεγάλην), Revelation 14:19 — a variation in gender which (though not rare in Hebrew, see Gesenius, Lehrgeb., p. 717) can hardly be matched in Greek writings; cf. Winers Grammar, 526 (490) and his Exeget. Studd. i., p. 153f; Buttmann, 81 (71).

2. equivalent to ὑπολήνιον (Isaiah 16:10; Mark 12:1) or προλήνιον (Isaiah 5:2), Hebrew יֶקֶב, the lower vat, dug in the ground, into which the must or new wine flowed from the press: Matthew 21:33. Cf. Winers RWB, under the word Kelter; Roskoff in Schenkel 3:513; (BB. DD. under the word ).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ληνός , -οῦ ,

(in some MSS., LXX and NT, ),

[in LXX chiefly for H3342 Numbers 18:27, al.; also for H7298 (Genesis 30:38; Genesis 30:41), H1660 (Nehemiah 13:15, al.), etc.;]

a trough or vat; esp. for the treading of grapes: Matthew 21:33, Revelation 14:20; Revelation 19:16; τὴν λ . . . . τὸν μέγαν (a solecism perhaps inadvertent), Revelation 14:19 (cf. ὑπολήνιον ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Amh II. 48.7 (B.C. 106) παρὰ ληνόν, ";at the wine-press,"; P Oxy IV. 729.19 (A.D. 137) ἀπ ]οδότωσαν τῷ μεμισθ [ω ]κότι τὸν μὲν οἷνον παρὰ ληνὸν νέον ἄδολον, ";they shall pay to the lessor the wine at the vat, new and unadulterated"; (Edd.), ib. III. 502.36 (A.D. 164) τὰς οὔσας ληνοὺς λιθίνας δύο ὑδριῶν καὶ ὅλμου, ";the two existing stone presses with the water-pitchers and trough"; (Edd.). The word is sometimes used to denote generally a receptacle for holding wine, see e.g. P Flor II. 139.1 (mid. iii/A.D.) τὴν δεκάτη [ν ] ληνὸν ἀπόλυσον Μαξίμῳ, with the editor’s note. In Wünsch AF 4.19 (iii/A.D.) τοὺς ληνοὺς ὅλους (for gender cf. Genesis 30:38; Genesis 30:41) = ";the whole coffins.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ληνοί ληνοίς ληνον ληνόν ληνὸν ληνος ληνός ληνὸς ληνου ληνού ληνοῦ ληνούς ληνώ ληνών lenon lenòn lēnon lēnòn lenos lenòs lēnos lēnòs lenou lenoû lēnou lēnoû
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