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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #303 - ἀνά

Transliteration
aná
Phonetics
an-ah'
Origin
a primary prep and adv
Parts of Speech
Preposition
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. into the midst, in the midst, amidst, among, between
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8496 ‑ תּוֹךְ (toke, toke);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (14)
Matthew
3
Mark
3
Luke
3
John
1
1 Corinthians
1
Revelation
3
NAS (6)
Matthew
3
Luke
2
John
1
HCS (11)
Matthew
3
Mark
1
Luke
2
John
1
1 Corinthians
2
Revelation
2
BSB (13)
Matthew
3
Mark
1
Luke
3
John
1
1 Corinthians
2
Revelation
3
ESV (8)
Matthew
2
Mark
3
Luke
2
John
1
WEB (15)
Matthew
3
Mark
3
Luke
3
John
1
1 Corinthians
2
Revelation
3
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀνά [ ᾰνᾰ ],

Aeol., Thess., Arc., Cypr. ὀν, Pr governing gen., dat., and acc. By apocope ἀνά becomes ἄν before dentals, as ἂν τὸν ὀδελόν; ἄγ before gutturals, as ἂγ γύαλα; ἄμ before labials, as ἂμ βωμοῖσι, ἂμ πέτραις, etc.; ἀμπεπλεγμένας IG 5(2).514.10 (Arc.).

WITH GEN., three times in Od., in phrase ἀνὰ νηὸς βαίνειν go on board ship, 2.416, 9.177, 15.284; ἂν τοῦ τοίχου, τᾶς ὁδοῦ, τοῦ ῥοειδίου, IG 14.352i40, ii 15,83 (Halaesa).

WITH DAT., on, upon, without any notion of motion, , Lyr., and Trag. (only lyr.), ἀνὰ σκήπτρῳ upon the sceptre, Il. 1.15, Pi. P. 1.6; ἂμ βωμοῖσι Il. 8.441; ἀνὰ σκολόπεσσι 18.177; ἀνὰ Γαργάρῳ ἄκρῳ 15.152; ἀνὰ ὤμῳ upon the shoulder, Od. 11.128; ἀν ἵπποις, i. e. in a chariot, Pi. O. 1.41; ἂμ πέτραις A. Supp. 351 (lyr.); ἀνά τε ναυσὶν καὶ σὺν ὅπλοις E. IA 754; ἂγ Κόσσῳ GDI 1365 (Epirus).

WITH ACCU S., the comm. usage, implying motion upwards:

I of Place,

1. up, from bottom to top, up along, κίον' ἀν' ὑψηλὴν ἐρύσαι Od. 22.176; ἀνὰ μέλαθρον up to, ib. 239; [ φλὲψ] ἀνὰ νῶτα θέουσα διαμπερὲς αὐχέν' ἱκάνει Il. 13.547; ἀνὰ τὸν ποταμόν Hdt. 2.96; ἂν ῥόον up -stream, GDI 5016.11 (Gortyn); κρῆς ἂν τὸν ὀδελὸν ἐμπεπαρμένον Ar. Ach. 796 (Megarian); simply, along, ἂν τὼς ὄρως Tab.Heracl. 2.32.

2. up and down, throughout, ἀνὰ δῶμα Il. 1.570; ἀνὰ στρατόν, ἄστυ, ὅμιλον, ib. 384, Od. 8.173, etc.; ἂγ γύαλα A. Supp. 550 (lyr.); ἀνὰ πᾶσαν τὴν Μηδικήν, ἀνὰ τὴν Ἑλλάδα, Hdt. 1.96, 2.135, etc.; ὀν τὸ μέσσον Alc. 18.3; ἀνὰ τὸ σκοτεινόν in the darkness, Th. 3.22.

3. metaph., ἀνὰ θυμὸν φρονέειν, ἀνὰ στόμα ἔχειν, to have continually in the mind, in the mouth, Il. 2.36, 250; ἀν' Αἰγυπτίους ἄνδρας among them, Od. 14.286; ἀνὰ πρώτους εἶναι to be among the first, Hdt. 9.86.

II of Time,

1. throughout, ἀνὰ νύκτα all night through, Il. 14.80; ἀνὰ τὰς προτέρας ἡμέρας Hdt. 7.223; ἀνὰ τὸν πόλεμον 8.123; ἀνὰ χρόνον in course of time, 1.173, 2.151, 5.27; ἀνὰ μέσσαν ἀκτῖνα (i. e. in the south) S. OC 1247.

2. distributively, ἀνὰ πᾶσαν ἡμέραν day by day, Hdt. 2.37, 130, etc.; ἀνὰ πᾶν ἔτος 1.136, etc.; ἀνὰ πάντα ἔτεα 8.65: also ἀνὰ πρεσβύτᾱτα in order of age, Test.Epict. 4.28.

III distributively with Numerals, κρέα εἴκοσιν ἀν' ἡμιωβολιαῖα 20 pieces of meat at half an obol each, Ar. Ra. 554; τῶν ἀν' ὀκτὼ τὠβολοῦ that sell 8 for the obol, Timocl. 18; ἀνὰ πέντε παρασάγγας τῆς ἡμέρας [they marched] at the rate of 5 parasangs a day, X. An. 4.6.4; ἔστησαν ἀνὰ ἑκατόν μάλιστα ὥσπερ χοροί they stood in bodies of about 100 men each. ib. 5.4.12; κλισίας ἀνὰ πεντήκοντα companies at the rate of 50 in each, Luke 9:14; ἔλαβον ἀνὰ δηνάριον a denarius apiece, Matthew 20:10; in doctor's prescriptions, ἀνὰ ὀβολὼ β Sor. 1.63, etc.: also ἀνὰ δύο ἥμισυ ζῳδίων amounting to 2 1 / 2 signs, Autol. 1.10; multiplied by, PPetr. 3p.198. Phrases: ἀνὰ κράτος up to the full strength, i. e. vigorously, ἀνὰ κράτος φεύγειν, ἀπομάχεσθαι, X. Cyr. 4.2.30, 5.3.12; ἀνὰ τὸν αὐτὸν λόγον and ἀνὰ λόγον proportionately, Pl. Phd. 110d; esp. in math. sense, Id. Ti. 37a, Arist. APo. 85a38, etc.; ἀνὰ μέσον in the midst, Antiph. 13, Men. 531.19; ἀνὰ μέρος by turns, Arist. Pol. 1287n17.

WITH NOM. of Numerals, etc., distributively, Revelation 21:21, v. l. in Sor. 1.11, 12, cf. Orib. Fr. 50,54.

WITHOUT CASE as Adv., thereupon, Hom. and other Poets: and with the notion of spreading all over a space, throughout, all over, μέλανες δ' ἀνὰ βότρυες ἦσαν all over there were clusters, Il. 18.562, cf. Od. 24.343: but ἀνά often looks like an Adv. in Hom., where really it is only parted from its Verb by tmesis, ἀνὰ δ' ἔσχετο; ἀνὰ δ' ὦρτο (for ἀνῶρτο δέ) ; ἀνὰ τεύχε' ἀείρας (for τεύχεα ἀναείρας), etc.

IN COMPO S.

1 as in C. 1, up to, upwards, up, opp. κατά, as ἀνα-βαίνω, -βλέπω, ἀν-αιρέω, -ίστημι: poet. sts. doubled, ἀν' ὀρσοθύρην ἀναβαίνειν Od. 22.132.

2. hence flows the sense of increase or strengthening, as in ἀνακρίνω; though it cannot always be translated, as in Homer's ἀνείρομαι: — in this case opp. ὑπό.

3. from the notion throughout (E), comes that of repetition and improvement, as in ἀνα-βλαστάνω, -βιόω, -γεννάω.

4. the notion of back, backwards, in ἀναχωρέω, ἀνανεύω, etc., seems to come from such phrases as ἀνὰ ῥόον up, i. e. against, the stream. ἄνα, written with anastr. as Adv., up! arise! ἀλλ' ἄνα Il. 6.331, Od. 18.13:

1. in this sense the ult. is never elided; cf. ἀλλ' ἄνα, εἰ μέμονάς γε Il. 9.247; ἀλλ' ἄνα ἐξ ἑδράνων S. Aj. 194.

2. apocop. ἄν after ὤρνυτο, ὦρτο, and up stood.. arose, Il. 3.268, 23.837, etc.

3. when used as Pr ἀνά never suffers anastrophe.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀνά ,

prep. (the rarest in NT; M, Pr., 98; MM, VGT, s.v.), prop.,

upwards, up, always c. acc

1. In phrases: . μέσον , among, between, c. gen., Matthew 13:1-58; Matthew 25:1-46, Mark 7:31, 1 Corinthians 6:5 (M, Pr., 99), Revelation 7:17 [so in LXX for בְּתוׄך׃ ]; . μέρος , in turn, 1 Corinthians 14:27 (both found in Polyb.; cf. MGr. ἀνάμεσα ).

2. Distrib., apiece, by: Matthew 20:9-10, Luke 9:3 (WH om.), Luke 9:14 Luke 10:1, John 2:6, Revelation 4:8.

3. Adverbially ("a vulgarism," B1., § 51, 5; cf. Deiss., BS, 139 f.), . εἷς ἕκαστος , Revelation 21:21.

As prefix, . signifies

(a) up: ἀναβαίνειν ;

(b) to: ἀναγγέλλειν ;

(c) anew: ἀναγεννᾶν ;

(d) back: ἀνακάμπτειν .†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἀνά survives almost exclusively in the limited uses seen in NT. The new ";improper preposition"; ἀνὰ μέσον is common : cf. MGr ἀνάμεσα. Thus P Magd 23 (B.C. 221) ἀνὰ μέσον τοῦ τε Ποώριος [sc. τοίχου ] καὶ τοῦ τοῦ ἀνδρός μου, Syll 92946 (ii/B.C.) τῆς κειμένης ἀνὰ μέσον Ἰτανίων τε καὶ Ἱεραπυτνίων, P Petr I. 11.19 (iii/B.C.) οὐλὴ ἀνὰ μέσον ὀφρύων, ib. III. 37 (a)ii. 18 (B.C. 257) χώματος τοῦ ἀνὰ μέσον τοῦ κλήρου, OGIS 5662 (iii/B.C.) ὧν ἀνὰ μέσον ἔσται ἡ ἀσπιδοειδὴς βασιλεία (a crown adorned with serpents), P Oxy I. 99.9 (A.D. 55) ἀνὰ μέσον οὔσης τυφλῆς ῥύμης, etc. In Syll 334 4 (B.C. 73) περὶ ἀντιλογιῶν τῶν ἀνάμ [εσον ] θεῶι Ἀμφιαράωι καὶ τῶν δημοσιωνῶν γεγονότων Dittenberger (who here prints as one word) comments on the barbarous grammar, the preposition taking dative and genitive together. Ἀνὰ λόγον ";in proportion"; is not rare : e.g. P Ryl II. 9614 (A.D. 117–8) (ἀρούρας) δή (= 3/8) ἀνὰ λόγον τῆς ἀρούρας ";at a rate per aroura."; Note ib. 88.21 (A.D. 156) οὐδὲν δέ μοι ὀ [φείλεται ὑπὲρ τ ]ῶν ἀνὰ χεῖρα χρόνων, ";the current period"; (Edd., who cite ib. 99.7, BGU I. 155.13 and IV. 1049.23). The distributive use of ἀνά is often found in papyri : thus P Oxy IV. 819 (c. A.D. 1) τὰ δὲ προκείμενα χ (όας) δ ̄ πεπρᾶσσθαι δἰ ἐμοῦ ἀνὰ δραχ (μὰς) πέντε. Radermacher (Gr. p. 16) remarks on its appearance in doctors’ prescriptions to mark the dose, and gives some other vernacular instances, noting that it began to figure in colloquial Attic in the classical age. It serves to express multiplication, as in P Petr II. 30(b).20 (iii/B.C.) β (ασιλικοῦ) ι ̄ ἀφόρου κ ̄/λ ἀνὰ γ ̄ Ð ρ ̄ε ̄ ";10 of Crown land + 20 of unproductive = 30 × 3½ = 105."; Cf. a papyrus cited by Wilcken in Archiv v. p. 245. Note P Ryl II. 168.7 (A.D. 120) ἀνὰ λαχάνου μέτρωι ἐλαιουργικῶι ἀρτάβας τρεῖς. Ἀνὰ ̣ πλέο [ν occurs in P Tebt II. 344.10 (ii/A.D.). On the possibly corrupt solecism in 1 Corinthians 6:5 see Proleg. p. 99. Nachmanson Beiträge, p. 67 cites an inscription in which distrib. ἀνά c. acc. has the same sense as a simple acc. with κατ᾽ ἄνδραδόντα ἐπὶ δὶς τοῖς μὲν πολείταις κατ᾽ ἄνδρα δην (άρια) δ ̄, τοῖς δὲ λοιποῖς ἐλευθέροις ἀν [ ] δην (άρια) β ̄ (IG iv. 597.9 ff.—Argos, ";spät";).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αμαμέσον ανα ανά ἀνὰ αναβαθμίσιν αναμέσον άναμέσον ana anà
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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