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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3039 - λικμάω
fut. - ήσω X. Oec. 18.8: aor. ἐλίκμησα B. Fr. 34: —
part the grain from the chaff, winnow, ἀνδρῶν λικμώντων Il. 5.500; σῖτον λ. X. Oec. 18.6; καρπὸν ἀπ' ἀσταχύων B.l.c.: metaph., scatter like chaff, LXX Ezekiel 29:12; make away with, ib. Isaiah 30:22; crush, destroy, ἐλίκμησάν μου τὸ λάχανον BGU 146.8 (iii A.D.); ἐφ' ὃν δ' ἂν πέσῃ (sc. ὁ λίθος) λικμήσει αὐτόν Luke 20:18.
λικμάω , -ῶ
(< λικμός = λίκνον , a winnowing-fan),
[in LXX chiefly for H2219 ni., pi., Ruth 3:2 1 Kings 14:15, Isaiah 17:13, Jeremiah 31:10, Daniel 2:44, al.;]
1. in cl., to winnow (so Ru, l.c.).
2. In LXX (ll c., exc. Ru), to scatter (as chaff or dust): Luke 20:18 (RV, scatter as dust, Deiss., BS, 225 f., quotes ex. in Papyri which suggests the meaning ruin, destroy; cf. Vg. comminuet, AV, grind to powder; cf. also Kennedy, Sources, 126), Matthew 21:44 [WH], R, txt.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For λικμάω in its original sense of ";winnow"; (as in LXX Ruth 3:2, Sirach 5:9) we may cite PSI V. 522.2 (B.C. 248–7) ὁ δ [ὲ ὄ ]ροβος ἄρτι ἐλικμᾶτο, BGU IV. 1040.11 (ii/A.D.) ἐ [πεὶ ] ἤμελλεν λικμᾶν, P Ryl II. 442.3 (iii/A.D.) ἐὰν λικμήσωσι τὴν ἁλωνίαν, τὰ α ̣̀χυ ̣ρ ̣α ̣ γεμίσονται. . . Cf. λικμάζω in P Oxy XII. 1482.3 (ii/A.D.) λελικμήκαμεν τὴν κριθήν. Many find the other LXX usage= ";scatter"; (Isaiah 17:13 al.) in the two NT passages where the verb occurs (Matthew 21:44, Luke 20:18) : see e.g. Kennedy Sources, p. 126 f. On the other hand, Deissmann (BS, p. 225 f.) defends the AV translation ";crush,"; ";grind to powder"; (following the Vulgate conterere, comminuere) on the evidence of BGU I. 146.8 (ii/iii A.D.), a complaint against certain men who—ἐλίκμησάν μου τὸ λάχανον, ";had stamped, ruined, my λάχανον."; Boll (Offenbarung, p. 130 n..1) supplies further profane evidence in the same direction from Lyd. p. 53, 13 λικμητὸν ἀνθρώποις ἀπειλεῖ, where λικμητός has the meaning of ἀπώλεια.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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