Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3039 - λικμάω

Transliteration
likmáō
Phonetics
lik-mah'-o
Origin
from likmos, the equivalent of liknon (a winnowing fan or basket)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
4:280,535
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to winnow, cleanse away the chaff from the grain by winnowing
  2. to scatter
  3. to crush to pieces, grind to powder
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2219 ‑ זָרָה (zaw‑raw');  5128 ‑ נוּעַ (noo'‑ah);  5487 ‑ סוּף (soof);  5500 ‑ סָחָה (saw‑khaw');  5590 ‑ סָעַר (saw‑ar');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (4)
Matthew
2
Luke
2
NAS (6)
Matthew
3
Luke
3
HCS (2)
Matthew
1
Luke
1
BSB (2)
Matthew
1
Luke
1
ESV (1)
Matthew
1
WEB (4)
Matthew
2
Luke
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

λικμ-άω,

fut. - ήσω X. Oec. 18.8: aor. ἐλίκμησα B. Fr. 34:

part the grain from the chaff, winnow, ἀνδρῶν λικμώντων Il. 5.500; σῖτον λ. X. Oec. 18.6; καρπὸν ἀπ' ἀσταχύων B.l.c.: metaph., scatter like chaff, LXX Ezekiel 29:12; make away with, ib. Isaiah 30:22; crush, destroy, ἐλίκμησάν μου τὸ λάχανον BGU 146.8 (iii A.D.); ἐφ' ὃν δ' ἂν πέσῃ (sc. ὁ λίθος) λικμήσει αὐτόν Luke 20:18.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

λικμάω , -

(< λικμός = λίκνον , a winnowing-fan),

[in LXX chiefly for H2219 ni., pi., Ruth 3:2 1 Kings 14:15, Isaiah 17:13, Jeremiah 31:10, Daniel 2:44, al.;]

1. in cl., to winnow (so Ru, l.c.).

2. In LXX (ll c., exc. Ru), to scatter (as chaff or dust): Luke 20:18 (RV, scatter as dust, Deiss., BS, 225 f., quotes ex. in Papyri which suggests the meaning ruin, destroy; cf. Vg. comminuet, AV, grind to powder; cf. also Kennedy, Sources, 126), Matthew 21:44 [WH], R, txt.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For λικμάω in its original sense of ";winnow"; (as in LXX Ruth 3:2, Sirach 5:9) we may cite PSI V. 522.2 (B.C. 248–7) ὁ δ [ὲ ὄ ]ροβος ἄρτι ἐλικμᾶτο, BGU IV. 1040.11 (ii/A.D.) [πεὶ ] ἤμελλεν λικμᾶν, P Ryl II. 442.3 (iii/A.D.) ἐὰν λικμήσωσι τὴν ἁλωνίαν, τὰ α ̣̀χυ ̣ρ ̣α ̣ γεμίσονται. . . Cf. λικμάζω in P Oxy XII. 1482.3 (ii/A.D.) λελικμήκαμεν τὴν κριθήν. Many find the other LXX usage= ";scatter"; (Isaiah 17:13 al.) in the two NT passages where the verb occurs (Matthew 21:44, Luke 20:18) : see e.g. Kennedy Sources, p. 126 f. On the other hand, Deissmann (BS, p. 225 f.) defends the AV translation ";crush,"; ";grind to powder"; (following the Vulgate conterere, comminuere) on the evidence of BGU I. 146.8 (ii/iii A.D.), a complaint against certain men who—ἐλίκμησάν μου τὸ λάχανον, ";had stamped, ruined, my λάχανον."; Boll (Offenbarung, p. 130 n..1) supplies further profane evidence in the same direction from Lyd. p. 53, 13 λικμητὸν ἀνθρώποις ἀπειλεῖ, where λικμητός has the meaning of ἀπώλεια.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ελίκμησα ελιμαγχόνησέ λελικμημένη λελικμωμένον λικμά λικμάται λικμήσας λικμησει λικμήσει λικμήσεις λικμήσω λικμήτωρ λικμώ λιμά likmesei likmēsei likmḗsei
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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