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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3058 - λοιδορέω

Transliteration
loidoréō
Phonetics
loy-dor-eh'-o
Origin
from (G3060)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
4:293,538
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to reproach, rail at, revile, heap abuse upon
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1605 ‑ גָּעַר (gaw‑ar');  7378 ‑ רוּב (reeb, roob);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (4)
John
1
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
1
1 Peter
1
NAS (4)
John
1
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
1
1 Peter
1
HCS (4)
John
1
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
1
1 Peter
1
BSB (4)
John
1
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
1
1 Peter
1
ESV (3)
John
1
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
1
WEB (4)
John
1
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
1
1 Peter
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

λοιδορ-έω,

fut. - ήσω D. 40.48: aor. ἐλοιδόρησα E. Med. 873, etc.: pf. λελοιδόρηκα Pl. Phdr. 241e:

Med. and Pass. (v. infr.), fut. - ήσομαι Ar. Eq. 1400, etc.: aor. ἐλοιδορησάμην Isa 6.59; Att. more freq. ἐλοισορήθην D. 9.54, 54.5 (v. infr.): (λοίδορος):

I abuse, revile, τινα Hdt. 3.145; θεούς Pi. O. 9.37, cf. Ar. Nu. 1140, X. An. 3.4.49, BGU 1007.6 (iii B. C.), etc.: abs., E. l. c., etc.; sts. simply, rebuke, X. Cyr. 1.4.9; οἶνον εἰς ἐπίνοιαν λ. Ar. Eq. 90, cf. Plu. 2.175b (Pass.): with neut. Adj., ἐμαυτὸν πόλλ' ἐλοιδόρησα E. Hel. 1171; οὐδὲν οὐδένα λ. Pl. Tht. 174c; λ. ἔνια Arist. EN 1128a31: with a predicate added, [ τὴν Τύχην] λ. τυφλήν reproach fortune as blind, Plu. 2.98a: Med., rail at one another, Antipho 2.1.4, Ar. Ra. 857, D. 54.18: Pass., λοιδοροῦντας ἢ λοιδορουμένους reviling or reviled, Isoc. 2.47, cf. Phld. Lib. p.29 O.; λελοιδορημένος ὑπὸ.. rebuked.., X. HG 5.4.29; οὐκ ἐν δίκη λοιδορηθείς Pl. Phdr. 275e, cf. Grg. 457d.

II Med. with aor. Pass. in act. sense, c. dat. pers., rail at, τινι Ar. Eq. 1400, Pl. 456, Ec. 248, Pl. R. 395d, etc.; also λ. ἐπί τινι X. Ages. 7.3; τινος Ach.Tat. 1.6; εἴς τινα Luc. Anach. 22; πρός τινα LXX Exodus 17:2 : c. acc. cogn., πάντα τὰ αἰσχρὰ λοιδορέονται, ὅτι.. they use all kind of foul reproaches, saying that.., Hdt. 4.184; λοιδορίαν ἣν ἐλοιδορήθη Κρατίνῳ περὶ τούτων D. 21.132.

Act. never has dat. exc. in later Gr., LXX Exodus 17:2, 2 Maccabees 12:14, Epict. Ench. 34, Ant.Lib. 22.5; in And. 1.67 (ἠναντιώθην καὶ ἀντεῖπον — καὶ ἐλοιδόρησα — ἐκείνῳ ὧν ἦν ἄξιος) the dat. (if correct) depends on the other verbs; as does the acc. in οὓς ὕβριζες καὶ ἐλοιδοροῦ Hyp. Dem.Fr. (a). Only the Act. is found in Trag.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

λοιδορέω , - (< λοίδορος ),

[in LXX chiefly for H7378;]

to abuse, revile: c. acc pers., John 9:28, Acts 23:4; pass., 1 Corinthians 4:12, 1 Peter 2:23 (cf. ἀντι -λοιδορέω ).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Petr III. 21 (g).13 (iii/B.C.) ἐλοιδόρησα ̣ς φαμένη με ᾑρηκέναι, BGU III. 1007.6 (iii/B.C.) ἐλοιδόρουν με ἐπὶ πλέο ̣[ν ?, P Tebt I. 44.16 (B.C. 114) (= Chrest. I. p. 148) ἐλοιδ [όρησέν με ] καὶ ἀσχημό [νει, P Oxy II. 237vi. 21 (A.D. 186) ἐπὶ φθ ̣ο ̣νῳ δὲ μο ̣ν ̣ο ̣ν ̣ [λο ]ι ̣δορου ̣μενος κ ̣α ̣ι ̣, δεινὰ πάσχων ἀπ᾽ ἐμοῦ, and from the inscrr. Syll 737.75 ff. (c. A.D. 175) ἐὰν. . εὑρεθῇ τις. . ὑβρίζων ἢ λοιδορῶν τινα, ὁ μὲν λοιδορηθεὶς ἢ ὑβρισθεὶς παραστανέτω δύο ἐκ τῶν ἰοβάκχων ἐνόρκους ὅτι ἤκουσαν ὑβριζόμενον ἢ λοιδορούμενον, καὶ ὁ ὑβρίσας ἢ λοιδορήσας ἀποτιν [νύ ]τω τῷ κοινῷ λεπτοῦ δρ (αχμὰς) κ ̄ε ̄. To show the strong character of the word, we may cite Calvin on 1 Corinthians 4:12 : ";Λοιδορία is a harsher railing, which not only rebukes a man, but also sharply bites him, and stamps him with open contumely. Hence λοιδορεῖν is to wound man as with an accursed sting.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ελοιδορείτο ελοιδορήθησαν ελοιδορησαν ελοιδόρησαν ἐλοιδόρησαν ελοιδόρουν λοιδορεις λοιδορείς λοιδορεῖς λοιδορείσθέ λοιδόρησις λοιδορουμενοι λοιδορούμενοι λοιδορουμενος λοιδορούμενος λοιδορώνται eloidoresan eloidorēsan eloidóresan eloidórēsan loidoreis loidoreîs loidoroumenoi loidoroúmenoi loidoroumenos loidoroúmenos
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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