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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3105 - μαίνομαι

middle voice from a primary mao (to long for, through the idea of insensate craving)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to be mad, to rave
    1. of one who so speaks that he seems not to be in his right mind
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1984 ‑ הָלַל (haw‑lal');  7696 ‑ שָׁגַע (shaw‑gah');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (6)
John 1
Acts 4
1 Corinthians 1
BSB (5)
John 1
Acts 3
1 Corinthians 1
CSB (5)
John 1
Acts 3
1 Corinthians 1
ESV (5)
John 1
Acts 3
1 Corinthians 1
KJV (6)
John 1
Acts 4
1 Corinthians 1
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (17)
John 2
Acts 11
1 Corinthians 4
N95 (6)
John 1
Acts 4
1 Corinthians 1
NAS (14)
John 1
Acts 4
1 Corinthians 1
NLT (5)
John 2
Acts 5
1 Corinthians 2
WEB (6)
John 1
Acts 4
1 Corinthians 1
YLT (5)
John 1
Acts 3
1 Corinthians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. μᾰνοῦμαι Hdt. 1.109, μᾰνήσομαι AP 11.216 (Lucill.), D.L. 7.118 (neither found in Att.): pf. with pres. sense μέμηνα A. Pr. 977, S. El. 879, Ar.Byz. ap. Ath. 13.586f; Dor. μέμηνα dub. in Alcm. 68; also in pass. form μεμάνημαι [ ] Theoc. 10.31: aor. Pass. ἐμάνην, part. μᾰνείς, inf. μᾰνῆναι, Hdt. 3.30, E. Ba. 1295: also aor. Med. ἐμηνάμην CPHerm. 7.18 (iii A. D.); poet. 2 sg. ἐμήναο prob. in Bion 1.61, 3 sg. μήνατο Theoc. 20.34; part. μηνάμενος AP 9.35 (Antiphil.): on the act. forms, v. infr. 11. Hom. uses only pres. and impf.:


1. rage, be furious, in Il. freq. of martial rage, μαίνεσθαι ἐάσομεν οὖλον Ἄρηα 5.717, cf. 6.101, Od. 9.350, etc.; χεῖρες ἄαπτοι μαίνονται Il. 16.245; μαίνεται ἐγχείη ἀπὸ λοιγὸν ἀμῦναι ib. 75; δόρυ μαίνεται ἐν παλάμῃσιν 8.111; rage with anger, πατὴρ.. φρεσὶ μαίνεται οὐκ ἀγαθῇσι ib. 360; ἐνὶ φρεσὶ μ. ἦτορ ib. 413; φρεσὶ μαινομένῃσιν 24.114; μαινομένᾳ κραδίᾳ A. Th. 781, E. Med. 432 (both lyr.); μανείσᾳ πραπίδι Id. Ba. 999 (lyr.); ὁ μανείς the madman, S. Aj. 726; μ. καὶ παραπαίω Pl. Smp. 173e, etc.; αἱ τῶν μεμηνότων αἰσθήσεις Aristocl. ap. Eus. PE 14.20; to be mad with wine, Od. 18.406, 21.298; μεμηνότες ὑπὸ τοῦ ποτοῦ Luc. DDeor. 18.2; of Bacchic frenzy, μαινόμενος Διώνυσος Il. 6.132; [ Θυιάδες] μαινόμεναι S. Ant. 1152 (lyr.); Διονύσῳ μαίνεσθαι Paus. 2.7.5; ἐπὶ τῷ Δ. Alex. 223; ὑπὸ τοῦ θεοῦ μ. to be inspired by.., driven mad by.., Hdt. 4.79, cf. μάντις; τὸ μαίνεσθαι madness, S. OC 1537; πλεῖν ἢ μαίνομαι I am beside myself with joy, Ar. Ra. 103, 751; of madness in animals, Plu. 2.641c, al.; later simply, = ὀργίζομαι, μαινόμενος ὅτι.. PCair.Zen. 41.11 (iii B. C.): freq. with words of manner, ὁ δὲ μαίνεται οὐκέτ' ἀνεκτῶς Il. 8.355; τάδε μαίνεται 5.185: c. acc. cogn., μεμηνότ' οὐ σμικρὰν νόσον A. Pr. l. c.; μ. μανίας Ar. Th. 793; μ. μανίαν ἐρρωμένην Luc. Ind. 22: c. dat., μ. γόοισι φρήν A. Th. 967 (lyr.); τόλμῃ X. Cyr. 1.4.24; πόνοις at or because of.., A. Supp. 562 (lyr.); τοῖς εὑρήμασιν E. Cyc. 465; ἐπί τινι (sc. φιλοτιμίᾳ) Id. Ph. 535 (but ἐπί τινι, of love, Theoc. 10.31); ἀμφί τινι Semon. 7.33; εἰς τὴν ποιητικήν D.S. 14.109; κατά τινος Luc. Obadiah 1:1; ὑφ' ἡδονῆς S. El. 1153.

2. of things, rage, riot, esp. of fire, ὡς ὅτ'.. ὀλοὸν πῦρ οὔρεσι μαίνηται Il. 15.606, cf. Tryph. 230; μαινόμενος οἶνος a hot, strong wine, Pl. Lg. 773d; of feelings, ἐλπὶς μαινομένη Orac. ap. Hdt. 8.77; ἔρις A. Th. 935 (lyr.); ἄχεα S. Aj. 957 (lyr.); μαινομένᾳ ξὺν ὁρμᾷ Id. Ant. 135 (lyr.); σὺν μ. δόξᾳ E. Ba. 887 (lyr.).

3. ἄμπελος μαινομένη, of a vine that is never done bearing fruit, Arist. Mir. 846a38, Thphr. CP 1.18.4.

4. μαινόμενα ἕλκη malignant ulcers, Ascl ap. Aët. 15.14.

II aor. 1 Act. ἔμηνα, in causal sense, madden, E. Ion 520 (troch., prob. in IA 580 (lyr.)), Ar. Th. 561; enrage, X. HG 3.4.8: pres. μαίνω first in Orph. H. 71.6. (Cf. μέμονα.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μαίνομαι; (from Homer down); to be mad, to rave: said of one who so speaks that he seems not to be in his right mind, Acts 12:15; Acts 26:24; 1 Corinthians 14:23; opposed to σωφροσύνης ῤήματα ἀποφθέγγεσθαι, Acts 26:25; joined with δαιμόνιον ἔχειν, John 10:20. (Compare: ἐμμαίνομαι.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μαίνομαι ,

[in LXX: Jeremiah 25:16 (H1984 hith.) Jeremiah 29:26 (H7696 pu.), Wisdom of Solomon 14:28, a).;]

1. to rage, be furious.

2. to rave, be mad: John 10:29, Acts 12:15; Acts 26:24-25, 1 Corinthians 14:23 (cf. ἐμ -μαίνομαι ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The proceedings before Festus (Acts 26:24 f.) find a striking parallel in the curious interview with an Emperor (Marcus Aurelius or Commodus) recorded in P Oxy I. 33, where the Emperor rebukes the violent language of the condemned Appianus in the words—iv. 9 ff. (= εἰ)ώθαμεν καὶ ἡμεῖς μαινομένους καὶ ἀπονενοημένους σωφρι (= ο)νίζειν, ";we are accustomed to bring to their senses those who are mad or beside themselves"; (Edd.), and receives the answer—.13 ff νὴ τὴν σὴν τύχην οὔτε μαίνομαι οὔτε ἀπονενόημαι. The verb is also found in CP Herm I. 7i. 18 (ii/A.D. ?) οὐ γὰρ ἐμηνά [μ ]η ̣ν, and in Or. Sib i. 171 f. οἱ δέ μιν εἰσαΐοντες ἐμυκτήριζον ἕκαστος, | ἔκφρονα κικλήσκοντες, ἀτὰρ μεμανημένον ἄνδρα.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
μαινεσθε μαίνεσθε μαινεται μαίνεται Μαινη μαίνη Μαίνῃ μαινομαι μαίνομαι μαινομένω μαιούσθε μαιωθήσονται Maine Mainē Maínei Maínēi mainesthe maínesthe mainetai maínetai mainomai maínomai
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