Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3137 - Μαρία
Mary or Miriam = "their rebellion"
- Mary the mother of Jesus
- Mary Magdalene, a women from Magdala
- Mary, the sister of Lazarus and Martha
- Mary of Cleophas the mother of James the less
- Mary the mother of John Mark, a sister of Barnabas
- Mary, a Roman Christian who is greeted by Paul in Rom. 16:6
Μαρία , -ας (Hellenized form), and Μαριάμ , indecl., ἡ
(Aram. מַרְיָם ; Heb. (MT) H4813),
Mary. In NT;
1. the mother of Jesus: Matthew 1:16 ff. Matthew 2:11; Matthew 13:55, Mark 6:3, Luke 1:27 ff. Luke 2:5; Luke 2:16; Luke 2:19; Luke 2:34, Acts 1:14.
2. M. Magdalene (q.v.).
3. The wife of Clopas (John 19:25) and mother of James the little, and Joses: Matthew 27:56; Matthew 27:61; Matthew 28:1, Mark 15:40; Mark 15:47; Mark 16:1, Luke 24:10.
4. The sister of Martha and Lazarus: Luke 10:39; Luke 10:42 John 11:1-2; John 11:19 ff. John 12:3.
5. The mother of John Mark: Acts 12:12.
6. A Christian greeted by St. Paul: Romans 16:6
(on the signification of the name, v. Zorell, s.v.; on the use of the alternative forms in NT, DB, iii, 278 bn).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Μαρία is the Grecized form of Μαριάμ. For the ";singularly intricate and perplexing"; variations between the two forms in the NT see WH Notes.2, p. 163. Josephus prefers what Deissmann (Urgeschichte, p. 22) calls ";die kokettere Gräzisierung"; Μαριάμ (μ)η. Two instances of Μαρία from ostraca are significant in connexion with the Jewish Diaspora in Egypt. The first is Meyer Ostr 33 (Edfu—A.D. 116), a receipt for four drachmae which Μαρία Ἀβιήτου, ";Mary the daughter of Abietas,"; has paid by way of Jewish tax—Ἰουδ (αίων τελέσματος). The second, ib. 56 (Thebes—ii/A.D.) is a statement of the payment of certain artabae of wheat in the name of Vestidia Secunda (?), represented by Pollia Maria the younger— διὰ Πολλία (l. —ίας) Μαρία (l. = ίας) νεωτ (l. νεωτέρας) : cf. Deissmann LAE p. 113 f.
With ἡ ἄλλη Μαρία in Matthew 28:1 we may compare the census paper P Petr III. 59 (c) where various names, not duplicated in this document, are followed by ἄλλος or ἄλλη. If only three women arc specified in John 19:25, then two sisters must have borne the same name ";Mary,"; which Westcott (ad l.) regards as a ";most unlikely supposition,"; but it may be noted that in P Petr III. 117 (g)ii. 17f. (Ptol.) mention is made of two brothers both called Μάνρης —Μ ]άνρης μικρὸς Τέωτος καὶ Μάνρης ἀδελφὸς ὡσαύτως. The probability, however, is that four women are mentioned, of whom the second is Salome. The rare occurrence of Μαρία and other names of Hebrew origin in early Christian epitaphs may be due to ";the dislike for the Jews, and the dread of being taken for Jews"; (C. and B. ii. p. 524).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.