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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3139 - μάρμαρος

Root Word (Etymology)
from marmairo (to glisten)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. a stone, a rock
  2. marble
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Revelation 1
NAS (1)
Revelation 1
HCS (1)
Revelation 1
BSB (1)
Revelation 1
ESV (1)
Revelation 1
WEB (1)
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μάρμᾰρος, ὁ,

I a crystalline rock, which sparkles (μαρμαίρει) in the light, μάρμαρος ὀκριόεις Il. 12.380, Od. 9.499, cf. E. Ph. 663 (lyr.), Ar. Ach. 1172 (lyr.): as Adj., πέτρος μ. ὀκριόεις Il. 16.735, cf. E. Ph. 1401, etc.


1. later, marble, μάρμαρον ἢ λίθον λευκήν Hp. Mul. 2.185, cf. Thphr. Lap. 9: also fem., μαρμάρου.. τῆς Πεντελικῆς μέταλλα Str. 9.1.23; μ. λίθος Id. 14.1.35: hence,

2. work in marble, i.e. tombstone, τυκτὴ μ. Theoc. 22.211.

3. chips made by cutting marble (masc.), Plu. 2.660c, 954a, Dsc. 5.79.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μάρμαρος, μαρμάρου, , (μαρμαίρω to sparkle, glisten);

1. a stone, rock (Homer, Euripides).

2. marble ((cf. Epistle Jer. ), Theophrastus, Strabo, others): Revelation 18:12.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** μάρμαρος , -ου ,

(< μαρμαίρω , to glisten),

[in LXX: Ep. Jeremiah 7:2*;]

1. any crystalline stone (Hom., Eur., al.).

2. In later writers, marble: Revelation 18:12.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This word, which in the NT is confined to Revelation 18:12, occurs in P Leid Xx. 12 (iii/iv A.D.) (= II. p. 231) ποιεῖ δὲ οὐ μόνον ἐπὶ χάρτου ἢ διφθέρας, ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐπὶ μαρμάρου ἐστιλβωμένου, with reference to χρυσογραφία, ";writing in letters of gold."; For the adj. μαρμάρινος cf. the Mytilenean decree Cagnat IV. 45.14 ἐνχαράχθην ἐς στάλλαν μαρμαρίναν, and for μαρμαράριος, ";a marble-mason"; cf. kaibel 920ii. 7 (time of Severus) μαρμαραρίων τὸ γένος σῶζε, Σέραπι. Boisacq (p. 611) points out that the primary meaning was ";boulder,"; ";block of rock,"; as in Horn. Il. xii. 380, the meaning ";marble"; being due to the influence of μαρμαίρω, μαρμάρεος, which are not related to μάρμαρος. He connects with μάρναμαι in its original sense of ";break,"; ";crush,"; and compares the formation of rupes from rumpo.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
μαρμαρου μαρμάρου μαρσίππιον μαρσίπποις μαρσίππον μάρσιππον μαρσίππου μαρσίππους μαρσίππω μαρσυππίου μαρυκάται marmarou marmárou
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