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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3148 - μάστιξ
- a whip, scourge
- metaph. a scourge, plague
- a calamity, misfortune, esp. sent by God to discipline or punish
μάστ-ιξ, ῑγος, ἡ,
I whip, scourge, mostly for driving horses, Il. 5.748, etc.; μ. λιγυρῇ 11.532; ἵππου μ. horse- whip, Hdt. 4.3; λιγυρὰ μ. διπλῆ S. Aj. 242 (anap.); later, scourge, ὑπὸ μαστίγων διαβαίνειν to cross under the lash, of soldiers flogged on, Hdt. 7.56, cf. 103; τοξεύειν ὑπὸ μ. X. An. 3.4.25; τῇ μ. κνάπτειν Cratin. 275; μάστιγ' ἔχων whip in hand, Ar. Th. 933, Phryn.Com. 36.
II metaph., scourge, plague, μάστιξ Διός Il. 12.37, 13.812; μάστιγι θείᾳ.. ἐλαύνομαι A. Pr. 682; πληγεὶς θεοῦ μάστιγι Id. Th. 608; διπλῇ μ., τὴν Ἄρης φιλεῖ, i.e. fire and sword, Id. Ag. 642; μ. [Θεοῦ ], of sickness, Mark 5:34; cf. Mark 3:10 (pl.); but μάστιξ Πειθοῦς the lash of eloquence, Pi. P. 4.219: — Ion. μάστις (q. v.): μάστιγξ is not found.
μάστιξ , -ιγος , ἡ ,
[in LXX for H7752, etc.;]
a whip, scourge: Acts 22:24, Hebrews 11:36; metaph., of disease or suffering as a divine chastisement (cf. Psalms 89:33, Proverbs 3:12, 2 Maccabees 9:11), Mark 3:10; Mark 5:29; Mark 5:34, Luke 7:21.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For the literal sense cf. P Leid Wi. 32 (ii/iii A.D.) (= II. p. 85, cf. p. 166) μάστιγας. . . Αἰγυπτίας, ";Egyptian whips,"; such as many of the Egyptian gods are depicted carrying, and the magic tablet PSI I. 28.4 (iii/iv A.D. ?) πικραῖς μάστιξιν, borne by the Erinyes. For the metaphorical sense (Mark 3:10 al. ), which is found as early as Homer, cf. the Phrygian inscr. C. and B. ii. p. 520, No. 361 ὃς δ᾽ ἂν ἐπιχειρήσει ἕτερον ἐπεισενενκεῖν (";to bring in another body";), λήψεται παρὰ τοῦ ἀθανάτου θεοῦ μάστειγα αἰώνιον, where the editor remarks that ";the concluding formula is unique, but seems on the whole to be Chr(istian)"; : see further Diels Berliner Sitzungsberichte, 1901, p. 199 f. Μαστιγοφόρος in the sense of ";policeman"; is found, in PTebt I. 179 (late ii/B.C.).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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