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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3411 - μισθωτός
- one hired, a hireling
μισθ-ωτός, ή, όν,
I hired, ἐπίκουροι Hdt. 3.45, Pl. R. 419; ἄνθρωποι Phld. Mus. p.67 K.
II Subst., hireling, hired servant, Ar. Av. 1152, Pl. Lg. 918b, IG 22.1672.28, Mark 1:20, etc.: freq. of soldiers, mercenaries, Hdt. 1.61, Th. 5.6; of a spy or agent, D. 18.38; μ. Φιλίππου ib.52; καλὸς κἀγαθὸς καὶ δίκαιος μ. ἐκείνῳ Id. 19.110.
μισθωτός , -ή , όν ,
(< μισθόω ),
[in LXX for H7916, Exodus 12:45, al.;]
hired; as subst., ὁ μ ., a hired servant, hireling: Mark 1:20, John 10:12-13.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In a papyrus of B.C. 217 edited by Th. Reinach in Mél. Nicole, p. 45 1 ff. ( = P Magd 35) we hear of a certain Nicomachus who was νακόρος (Doric form of νεωκόρος) of a Jewish synagogue in an Egyptian village. According to the editor this term, the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew hazzân (generally called ὑπηρέτης), was borrowed from the usage of pagan religion, and is still the current title in Greece or the ";sacristan"; of an orthodox church, as well as of a Jewish synagogue : see also Lumbroso in Archiv iv. p. 317, and cf. Herodas iv. 41, where the νεωκόρος (Lat. aedituus) is sent for to open the temple of Asklepios in Cos. Another early ex. of the word denoting a humble temple-functionary is Priene 231 (iv/B.C.) Μεγάβυζος ] Μεγαβύζου νεωκόρος τῆς Ἀρτέμιδος τῆς ἐν Ἐφέσωι, which is interesting as pointing forward to the proud application of the term to Ephesus itself as the ";warden"; of the temple of Artemis, as in Acts 19:35, see e.g. OGIS 481.1 (A.D. 102–6) Ἀρτέμιδι Ἐφεσίᾳ. . . καὶ τῶι νεωκόρωι Ἐφεσίων δήμωι, with Dittenherger’s note. The earliest trace of Ephesus as νεωκόρος is said to be on a coin of A.D. 65 : see Rouffiac, p. 65 n. .4. Later the city came to be known as δίς, τρὶς νεωκόρος : see Ramsay, art. ";Ephesus,"; in Hastings’ DB i. p. 722. Instances of the term applied to individuals are P Oxy I. 100.2 (A.D. 133) Μᾶρκος Ἀντώνιος Δεῖος. . . νεωκόρος τοῦ μεγάλου Σαράπιδος, BGU I. 73.1 (A.D. 135) Κλαύδιος Φιλόξενος νεωκόρος τοῦ μεγάλου Σαράπι [δ ]ος, P Tebt II. 286.13 (A.D. 121–138), 317.1 (A.D. 174–5), al. : cf. also Syll 607 ( = .3 898 .28 (iii/A.D.) ἐβ (όησεν) ὁ δ (ῆμος)· πολλοῖς ἔτεσι [τοὺς ] νεωκόρους. On the form of the word see Thumb Hellen. p. 78, and cf. Otto Priester i. p. 113, Crönert Mem. Herc. p. 165. The subst. νεωκορία is found in BGU I. 14 ii. 11 (A.D. 255), Vett. Val. p. 4.25, and ναοφύλαξ in BGU II. 362 ii. 10 (A.D. 215) ( = p. 4). Boisacq (p. 495) reverts to the traditional derivation from κορέω, ";sweep,"; comparing the Ion. ζακόρος and the Hom. σηκοκόρος.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25