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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3428 - μοιχαλίς
- an adulteress
- as the intimate alliance of God with the people of Israel was likened to a marriage, those who relapse into idolatry are said to commit adultery or play the harlot
- fig. equiv. to faithless to God, unclean, apostate
(also acc. μοιχαλίν LXX Hosea 3:1), ἡ,
I = cross μοιχάς, Romans 7:3, Hld. 8.9, Cat.Cod.Astr. 8(1).264, etc.; in religious sense, unfaithful to God, Ephesians 4:4 : so as Adj., adulterous, γενεά Matthew 12:39, etc.
II = cross μοιχεία, 2 Peter 2:14.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
νικάω is found in a legal sense of winning one’s case, as in Romans 3:4, in P Hal I. 1.58 (mid. iii/B.C.) ἐὰν δέ τιν (l. τις) . . . γρ [αψ ]άμενος δίκην ψευδομαρ [τ ]υρίου νικήσηι κτλ., and in relation to games in PSI IV. 364 (B.C. 251–0) γίνωσκε Διονύσιον τὸν ἀδελφὸν νενικηκότα τὸν ἐν Ἱερᾶι νήσωι ἀγῶνα τῶν Πτολεμαιείων, and P Oxy XIV. 1759.4 (letter to an athlete—ii/A.D.) πρὸ [τ ]ῶν ὅλων εὔχομαί σε ὑγιαίνειν [κ ]αὶ νικᾶν πάντοτε. It is very common as an epithet of the Emperors, e.g. P Amh II. 140.11 (A.D. 349) τῶ ]ν πάντα νικών [των ] δεσποτῶν ἡμῶν Ἀγούστων, ";of our all-victorious masters the Augusti"; (Edd.). A good parallel to Romans 12:21 is afforded by Test. xii. patr. Benj. iv. 3 οὗτος τὸ ἀγαθὸν ποιῶν νικᾷ τὸ κακόν.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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