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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3439 - μονογενής
- single of its kind, only
- used of only sons or daughters (viewed in relation to their parents)
- used of Christ, denotes the only begotten son of God
1. and Ion. μουνο-, (γένος) the only member of a kin or kind: hence, generally, only, single, παῖς Hes. Op. 376, Hdt. 7.221, cf. John 1:14, Ant.Lib. 32.1; of Hecate, Hes. Th. 426.
2. unique, of τὸ ὄν, Parm. 8.4; εἷς ὅδε μ. οὐρανὸς γεγονώς Pl. Ti. 31b, cf. Procl. Inst. 22; θεὸς ὁ μ. Sammelb. 4324.15.
3. μ. αἷμα one and the same blood, dub. l. in E. Hel. 1685.
4. Gramm., having one form for all genders, A.D. Adv. 145.18.
5. name of the foot, Heph. 3.3.
1. Adv. - νῶς, φέρεται μ. ἐν ἑνὶ τόπῳ grows only in one place, Peripl.M.Rubr. 56, cf. 11.
2. in a unique manner, Aët. 15.13,14.
μονογενής, μονογενές (μόνος and γένος) (Cicero,unigena; Vulg. (in Lukeunicus, elsewhere) and in ecclesiastical writingsunigenitus), single of its kind, only (A. V. only-begotten); used of only sons or daughters (viewed in relation to their parents), Hesiod theog. 426, 448; Herodotus 7, 221; Plato, Critias 113 d.; Josephus, Antiquities 1, 13, 1; 2, 7, 4; μονογενές τέκνον πατρί, Aeschylus Ag. 898. So in the Scriptures: Hebrews 11:17; μονογενῆ εἶναι τίνι (to be one's only son or daughter), Judges 11:34; Tobit 3:15; Luke 7:12; Luke 8:42; Luke 9:38; (cf. Westcott on Epistles of John, pp. 162ff). Hence, the expression ὁ μονογενής υἱός τοῦ Θεοῦ and υἱός τοῦ Θεοῦ ὁ μονογονης, John 3:16, 18; John 1:18 (see below); 1 John 4:9; μονογενής παρά πατρός, John 1:14 (some take this generally, owing to the omission of the article (cf. Green, pp. 48f)), used of Christ, denotes the only son of God or one who in the sense in which he himself is the son of God has no brethren. He is so spoken of by John not because ὁ λόγος which was ἐνσαρκωθεις in him was eternally generated by God the Father (the orthodox interpretation), or came forth from the being of God just before the beginning of the world (Subordinationism), but because by the incarnation (ἐνσαρκωσις) of the λόγος in him he is of nature or essentially Son of God, and so in a very different sense from that in which men are made by him τέκνα τοῦ Θεοῦ (John 1:13). For since in the writings of John the title ὁ ἱυος τοῦ Θεοῦ is given only to the historic Christ so called, neither the Logos alone, nor Jesus alone, but ὁ λόγος ὁ ἐνσαρκωθεις or Jesus through the λόγος united with God, is ὁ μονογενής υἱός τοῦ Θεοῦ. The reading μονογενής Θεός (without the article before μονογενής) in John 1:18, — which is supported by no inconsiderable weight of ancient testimony, received into the text by Tregelles, and Westcott and Hort, defended with much learning by Dr. Hort ("On μονογενής Θεός in Scripture and Tradition in his Two Dissertations" Camb. and Lond. 1876), and seems not improbable to Harnack (in the Theol. Lit.-Zeit. for 1876, p. 541ff) (and Weiss (in Meyer 6te Aufl. at the passage)), but is foreign to John's mode of thought and speech (John 3:16, 18; 1 John 4:9), dissonant and harsh — appears to owe its origin to a dogmatic zeal which broke out soon after the early days of the church; (see articles on the reading by Prof. Abbot in the Bib. Sacr. for Oct. 1861 and in the Unitarian Rev. for June 1875 (in the latter copious references to other discussions of the same passage are given); see also Prof. Drummond in the Theol. Rev. for Oct. 1871). Further, see Grimm, Exgt. Hdbch. on Sap., p. 152f; (Westcott as above).
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μονογενής , -ές
(< μόνος , γένος ),
[in LXX: Judges 11:34, Psalms 22:20; Psalms 25:16; Psalms 35:17 (H3173), Tobit 3:15; Tobit 6:10; Tobit 6:14; Tobit 8:17, Wisdom of Solomon 7:22, Baruch 4:16 *;]
only, only begotten (DCG, ii, 281), of sons and daughters : Luke 7:12; Luke 8:42; Luke 9:38, Hebrews 11:17; of Christ, John 3:16; John 3:18, 1 John 4:9; μ . παρὰ πατρός , John 1:14; μ . θεός , John 1:18.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The phrase νοῶν καὶ φρονῶν is common in wills of both the Ptolemaic and the Roman periods, e.g. P Petr I. 16 (1).12 (B.C. 237) τάδε διέθετο νοῶν καὶ φρονῶν Μένιππος, P Oxy I. 104.4 (A.D. 96), ib. III. 491.2 (A.D. 126), the testator thus certifying himself as ";being sane and in his right mind"; : contrast the imprecation, Wünsch AF p. 20.59 (iii/A.D., βασάνισον αὐτῶν τὴν διάνοιαν τὰς φρένας τὴν αἴσθησιν ἵνα μὴ νοῶσιν τί π [ο ]ιῶσιν. With 2 Timothy 2:7 we may compare the sepulchral inscr. Kaibel 278.3 καὶ σὺ | ἐρχόμε [ν ]ο [ς ] π [α ]ρ᾽ ὁδῷ τὸ [ν ] φίλον ὄντα νόει, ";et tu quoque qui praeteris nosce amicum tibi esse."; For the meaning ";perceive,"; ";understand,"; cf. further BGU I. 114i. 9 (A.D. 117) νοοῦμεν ὅτι αἱ παρακαταθῆκαι προῖκές εἰσιν, and for the meaning ";purpose,"; cf. P Par 63xi. 61 (B.C. 165) τοὺς καθ᾽ ὁντινοῦν τρόπον νοοῦντάς τί σοι ἀντίον, Preisigke 5235.7 (A.D. 12) π ]λείους μοι πληγὰς ἐνέτεινε [ν ] ἐ [ξέλα ]σίν μοι νοησάμε [νο ]ς. See also P Rein 16.34 (B.C. 109) a legal execution against two men—παρ᾽ οὗ ἂν αὐτῶν νοῆται καὶ ἐκ τῶν ὑ [παρχόντων ] αὐτοῖς [πάντων ], ";tant sur leurs personnes que sur la totalité de leurs biens"; (Ed.).
In Romans 1:20 Field (Notes, p. 151) understands νοούμενα as ";‘ conceived’—apprehended by the mind."; MGr νοιώθω, ";perceive,"; ";notice,"; ";feel.";
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