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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1096 - γίνομαι

Transliteration
gínomai
Phonetics
ghin'-om-ahee
Origin
a prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
1:681,117
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to become, i.e. to come into existence, begin to be, receive being
  2. to become, i.e. to come to pass, happen
    1. of events
  3. to arise, appear in history, come upon the stage
    1. of men appearing in public
  4. to be made, finished
    1. of miracles, to be performed, wrought
  5. to become, be made
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 383 ‑ אִיתַי (ee‑thah'ee);  543 ‑ אָמֵן (aw‑mane');  935 ‑ בּוֹא (bo);  1069 ‑ בָּכַר (baw‑kar');  1254 ‑ בָּרָא (baw‑raw');  1934 ‑ הָוָא (hav‑aw', hav‑aw');  1961 ‑ הָיָה (haw‑yaw');  2009 ‑ הִנֵּה (hin‑nay');  2372 ‑ חָזָה (khaw‑zaw);  2421 ‑ חָיָה (khaw‑yaw');  2485 ‑ חָלִיל (khaw‑leel');  2734 ‑ חָרָה (khaw‑raw');  3201 ‑ יָכוֹל (yaw‑kole', yaw‑kole');  3205 ‑ יָלַד (yaw‑lad');  3212 ‑ יָלַךְ (yaw‑lak');  3254 ‑ יָסַף (yaw‑saf');  3318 ‑ יָצָא (yaw‑tsaw');  3335 ‑ יָצַר (yaw‑tsar');  3559 ‑ כּוּן (koon);  3947 ‑ לָקַח (law‑kakh');  4058 ‑ מָדַד (maw‑dad');  4672 ‑ מָצָא (maw‑tsaw');  5060 ‑ נָגַע (naw‑gah');  5075 ‑ נְדַד (ned‑ad');  5307 ‑ נָפַל (naw‑fal');  5414 ‑ נָתַן (naw‑than');  5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');  5674 ‑ עָבַר (aw‑bar');  5927 ‑ עָלָה (aw‑law');  5953 ‑ עָלַל (aw‑lal');  5975 ‑ עָמַד (aw‑mad');  6213 ‑ עָשָׂה (aw‑saw');  6923 ‑ קָדַם (kaw‑dam');  6965 ‑ קוּם (koom);  7136 ‑ קָרָה (kaw‑raw');  7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  7257 ‑ רָבַץ (raw‑bats');  7760 ‑ שִׂים (soom, seem);  8085 ‑ שָׁמַע (shaw‑mah');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (704)
Matthew
75
Mark
57
Luke
141
John
55
Acts
130
Romans
37
1 Corinthians
48
2 Corinthians
12
Galatians
14
Ephesians
9
Philippians
7
Colossians
5
1 Thessalonians
12
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
4
2 Timothy
4
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
29
James
10
1 Peter
7
2 Peter
5
1 John
1
3 John
1
Revelation
38
NAS (530)
Matthew
62
Mark
48
Luke
87
John
52
Acts
109
Romans
22
1 Corinthians
28
2 Corinthians
7
Galatians
9
Ephesians
4
Philippians
6
Colossians
4
1 Thessalonians
11
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
26
James
10
1 Peter
5
2 Peter
3
1 John
1
2 John
1
Revelation
26
HCS (581)
Matthew
68
Mark
49
Luke
101
John
48
Acts
97
Romans
35
1 Corinthians
38
2 Corinthians
11
Galatians
12
Ephesians
8
Philippians
5
Colossians
5
1 Thessalonians
11
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
4
2 Timothy
4
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
23
James
10
1 Peter
6
2 Peter
4
1 John
1
2 John
1
3 John
1
Revelation
36
BSB (669)
Matthew
75
Mark
55
Luke
131
John
51
Acts
125
Romans
35
1 Corinthians
41
2 Corinthians
11
Galatians
12
Ephesians
8
Philippians
6
Colossians
5
1 Thessalonians
12
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
4
2 Timothy
4
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
29
James
10
1 Peter
6
2 Peter
5
1 John
1
2 John
1
3 John
1
Jude
1
Revelation
37
ESV (531)
Matthew
56
Mark
44
Luke
83
John
47
Acts
97
Romans
28
1 Corinthians
37
2 Corinthians
12
Galatians
12
Ephesians
8
Philippians
5
Colossians
5
1 Thessalonians
12
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
4
2 Timothy
4
Titus
1
Hebrews
26
James
10
1 Peter
4
2 Peter
3
1 John
1
Revelation
31
WEB (704)
Matthew
73
Mark
56
Luke
140
John
54
Acts
131
Romans
39
1 Corinthians
48
2 Corinthians
12
Galatians
14
Ephesians
9
Philippians
7
Colossians
5
1 Thessalonians
12
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
4
2 Timothy
5
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
31
James
10
1 Peter
6
2 Peter
5
1 John
1
3 John
1
Revelation
38
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

γίνομαι, γινώσκω, v. γιγν-.

γίγνομαι, Ion. and after Arist. γίνομαι [],

I

1. (Att. Inscrr. have γιγν- in fifth and fourth cent., cf. IG 2.11.9, 1055.25, etc.); Thess. γίνυμαι IG 9(2).517.22; Boeot. γίνιουμαι ib.7.3303: fut. γενήσομαι: aor. ἐγενόμην (ἐγενάμην LXX Jeremiah 14:1, al. (προ-) Decr.Byz. ap. D. 18.90), Ion. 2 sg. γένευ Il. 5.897, 3 sg. γενέσκετο Od. 11.208, ἔγεντο Hes. Th. 705, Sapph. 16, Pi. P. 3.87, Parm. 8.20, IG 4.492 (Mycenae), prob.in Scol. 19; γέντο Hes. Th. 199, Emp. 98.5, Call. Jov. 1.50, Theoc. 14.27, etc. (g-το): pf. γέγονα Il. 19.122, etc.: 3 pl. γέγοναν Revelation 21:6 : plpf. ἐγεγόνει Lys. 31.17, etc.; Ion. ἐγεγόνεε Hdt. 2.2; forms (as if from pf. γέγᾰα), 2 pl. γεγάᾱτε Batr. 143; γεγάᾱσι Il. 4.325, freq. in Od.: 3 pl. γεγᾱκᾰσιν cj. in Emp. 23.10: 3 dual plpf. ἐκ-γεγάτην [ ] Od. 10.138; inf. γεγάμεν [ ] Pi. O. 9.110, (ἐκ) Il. 5.248, etc.; part. γεγᾰώς -ᾰυῖα, pl. -ᾰῶτες, -ᾰυῖαι Hom., etc., contr. γεγώς, -ῶσα S. Aj. 472, E. Med. 406; inf. γεγᾱκειν Pi. O. 6.49: Med. forms ἐκγεγάασθε Epigr. Hom. 16, ἐκ-γεγάονται (in fut. sense) h.Ven. 197 (s.v.l.): Pass. forms, fut. γενηθήσομαι (only in Pl. Prm. 141e, οὔτε γενήσεται, οὔτε γενηθήσεται, cf. Procl. in Prm. p.963 S.): aor. ἐγενήθην Epich. 209, Archyt. 1, Hp. Epid. 6.8.32, 7.3, later Att., Philem. 95.2 and 167, IG 2.630b10 (i B. C.) and Hellenistic Gk., Plb. 2.67.8, D.S. 13.51: pf. γεγένημαι Simon. 69, freq. in Att. Poets and Prose, in Att. inscr. first in cent. iv, IG 2.555: 3 pl. γεγενέανται Philet. ap. Eust. 1885.51: plpf. ἐγεγένητο Th. 7.18, al.; cf. γείνομαι: — come into a new state of being: hence, I abs., come into being opp. εἶναι, Emp. 17.11, Pl. Phd. 102e, cf. Ti. 29a; and So 2 of persons, to be born, νέον γεγαώς new born, Od. 19.400; ὑπὸ Τμώλῳ γεγαῶτας born (and so living) under Tmolus, Il. 2.866; ἢ πρόσθε θανεῖν ἢ ἔπειτα γ. Hes. Op. 175; γιγνομέναισι λάχη τάδ'.. ἐκράνθη at our birth, A. Eu. 347; γ. ἔκ τινος Il. 5.548, Hdt. 7.11; πατρὸς ἐκ ταὐτοῦ E. IA 406, cf. Isoc. 5.136; σέθεν.. ἐξ αἵματος A. Th. 142; less freq. ἀπό τινος Hdt. 8.22, etc.; ἐσθλῶν E. Hec. 380, etc.; γεγονέναι κακῶς, καλῶς, Ar. Eq. 218, Isoc. 7.37, etc.; κάλλιον, εὖ, Hdt. 1.146, 3.69; τὸ μὴ γενέσθαι not to have been born, A. Fr. 401: freq. with Numerals, ἔτεα τρία καὶ δέκα γεγονώς Hdt. 1.119; ἀμφὶ τὰ πέντε ἢ ἑκκαίδεκα ἔτη γενόμενος X. Cyr. 1.4.16; γεγονὼς ἔτη περὶ πεντήκοντα D. 21.154; οἱ ὑπὲρ τὰ στρατεύσιμα ἔτη γεγονότες those of an age beyond.., X. Cyr. 1.2.4: c. gen., γεγονὼς πλειόνων ἐτῶν ἢ πεντήκοντα Pl. Lg. 951c, etc.: rarely with ordinals, ὀγδοηκοστὸν ἔτος γεγονώς Luc. Macr. 22, cf. Plu. Phil. 18.

2. of things, to be produced, ὅσα φύλλα καὶ ἄνθεα γίγνεται ὥρῃ Od. 9.51; opp. ὄλλυσθαι, Parm. 8.13, 40; opp. ἀπόλλυσθαι, Anaxag. 17, cf. Pl. R. 527b, etc.; opp. ἀπολείπειν, Diog. Apoll.7; opp. ἀπολήγειν, Emp. 17.30; τὰ γιγνόμενα καὶ ἐξ ὧν γίγνεται Pl. Phlb. 27a; ἁπλῇ διηγήσει ἢ διὰ μιμήσεως γ. Id. R. 392d; ὁ ἐκ τῆς χώρας γιγνόμενος σῖτος X. Mem. 3.6.13; τὰ ἐν ἀγρῷ γιγνόμενα ib. 2.9.4; of profits, καρποὶ οἱ ἐξ ἀγελῶν γ. Id. Cyr. 1.1.2, etc.; τὰ ἆθλα ἀπὸ τεττάρων ταλάντων ἐγένοντο were the produce of, i.e. were worth, 4 talents, Id. HG 4.2.7; τὸ ἀπὸ τῶν αἰχμαλώτων γενόμενον ἀργύριον produced by [the ransom of].., Id. An. 5.3.4; of sums, ὁ γεγονὼς ἀριθμὸς τῶν ψήφων the total of the votes, Pl. Ap. 36a; ἕκατον εἴκοσι στατήρων γίγνονται τρισχίλιαι τριακόσιαι ἑξήκοντα [δραχμαί ] 120 staters amount to 3, 360 drachmae, D. 34.24; so in Math., of products, ὁ ἐξ αὐτῶν γενόμενος ἀριθμός Euc. 7.24; ἀριθμὸς γενόμενος ἑκατοντάκις multiplied by 100, Papp. 10.13; of times of day, ὡς ἡ ἡμέρα ἐγένετο Th. 7.81, etc.; ἕως ἂν φῶς γένηται Pl. Prt. 311a; ἅμα ἕῳ γιγνομένῃ Th. 4.32; of Time in general, elapse, διέτης χρόνος ἐγεγόνεε ταῦτα πρήσσουσι Hdt. 2.2; χρόνου γενομένου D.S. 20.109. falldue, οἱ γιγνόμενοι δασμοί X. An. 1.1.8; τοὺς τόκους τοὺς γ. Isoc. 17.37; τὸ τίμημα τὸ γ., τὸ γ. ἀργύριον, D. 24.82, Syngr. ap. eund. 35.11; τὸ γ. μέρος X. HG 7.4.33; τὸ γ. τοῖ πλήθι τᾶς ζαμίαυ IG 5(2).6 A 20 (Tegea, iv B. C.): c. dat., τὸ γ. τινὶ ἔλαιον UPZ 19.32 (ii B. C.); τοῖς γείτοσι τὸ γ. Thphr. Fr. 97; τὰ γ. dues, PHib. 1.92 and 111 (iii B. C.): hence γιγνόμενος regular, normal, τίμημα, χάρις, D. 38.25; ἐν ταῖς γ. ἡμέραις in the usual number of days, X. Cyr. 5.4.51; freq. in later Gk., as Luc. Tox. 18, etc.

3. of events, take place, come to pass, and in past tenses to be, καί σφιν ἄχος κατὰ θυμὸν ἐγίγνετο Il. 13.86, etc.; μάχη ἐγεγόνει Pl. Chrm. 153b, etc.; ἐκεχειρία γίγνεταί τισι πρὸς ἀλλήλους Th. 4.58; ἡ νόσος ἤρξατο γίγνεσθαι Id. 2.47; πνεῦμα εἰώθει γ. ib. 84; τὰ Ὀλύμπια γίγνεται, τραγῳδοὶ γίγνονται, are held, X. HG 7.4.28, Aeschin. 3.41, etc.; ψήφισμα γ. is passed, X. Cyr. 2.2.21; πιστὰ γ., ὅρκοι γ., pledges are given, oaths taken, ib. 7.4.3, D. 19.158; γίγνεταί τι ὑπό τινος (masc.), X. An. 7.1.30, (neut.) Pl. Tht. 200e; τὰ γιγνόμενα ὑπὸ τῶν Ἀθηναίων Th. 6.88; τὰ γενόμενα ἐξ ἀνθρώπων Hdt. Praef.; ὕβρισμα ἐκ τῶν Σαμίων γενόμενον Id. 3.48; ἀπό τινος γ. X. An. 5.6.30; παρά τινος Pl. R. 614a; ὃ μὴ γένοιτο which God forbid, D. 10.27, 28.21; but γένοιτο, = Amen, LXX Isaiah 25:1; γένοιτο γένοιτο ib. Psalms 72:19(71).19: Math., γεγονέτω suppose it done, Euc. 6.23, etc.; γέγονε it is done, Revelation 16:17 : c. dat. et part., γίγνεταί τί μοι βουλομένῳ, ἀσμένῳ (v. βούλομαι, ἄσμενος) ; οὐκ ἂν ἐμοί γε ἐλπομένῳ τὰ γένοιτο, i.e. I could not hope to see these things take place, Od. 3.228; ἡδομένοισι ἡμῖν οἱ λόγοι γεγόνασι Hdt. 9.46, etc.; of sacrifices, omens, etc., οὐ γάρ σφι ἐγίνετο τὰ σφάγια χρηστά ib. 61, cf. 62; τὰ ἱερὰ καλὰ ἐγένετο X. An. 6.4.9: abs., τὰ διαβατήρια ἐγ. were favourable, Th. 5.55; θυομένῳ οὐκ ἐγίγνετο τὰ ἱερά X. HG 3.1.17: in neut. part., τὸ γενόμενον the event, the fact, Th. 6.54; τὰ γενόμενα the facts, X. Cyr. 3.1.9, etc.; τὸ γιγνόμενον Pl. Tht. 161b, etc.; τὰ γεγενημένα the past, X. An. 6.2.14; τὸ γενησόμενον the future, Th. 1.138; τὰ γεγονότα, opp. ὄντα, μέλλοντα, Pl. R. 392d, cf. Lg. 896a: of Time, ὡς τρίτη ἡμέρη τῷ παιδίῳ ἐκκειμένῳ ἐγένετο Hdt. 1.113; ἕως ἄν τινες χρόνοι γένωνται Pl. Phd. 108c; but in pf. and plpf., to have passed, ὡς διετὴς χρόνος ἐγεγόνεε Hdt. 2.2; πρὶν ἓξ μῆνας γεγονέναι Pl. Prt. 320a: impers., ἐγένετο or γέγονεν ὥστε.. it happened, came to pass that.., X. HG 5.3.10, Isoc. 6.40, etc.; ἐγένετο, ὡς ἤκουσεν.. καὶ ἐθυμώθη it came to pass, when he heard.. that.., LXX Genesis 39:19; ἐγένετο ἐν τῷ πορεύεσθαι.. καὶ διήρχετο Luke 17:11 : c. inf., γίνεται εὑρεῖν it is possible to find, Thgn. 639; ἐγένετο, c. acc. et inf., it came to pass that, Acts 9:3, al., PAmh. 2.135.10 (ii A. D.): c. dat. et inf., ἐάν σοι γένηται στραφῆναι Epict. Ench. 23.

II folld. by a Predicate, come into a certain state, become, and (in past tenses), to be,

1 folld. by Nouns and Adjs., δηΐοισι δὲ χάρμα γ. Il. 6.82, cf. 8.282; σωτὴρ γενοῦ μοι A. Ch. 2; κωλυτὴς γ. τινός Th. 3.23; [ οὖροι] νηῶν πομπῆες γ. Od. 4.362, etc.; πάντα δὲ γιγνόμενος πειρήσεται turning every way, ib. 417; παντοῖος γ., folld. by μή, c. inf., Hdt. 3.124; παντοῖος γ. δεόμενος Id. 7.10. γ; ἐκ πλουσίου πένης γ. X. An. 7.7.28; δημοτικὸς ἐξ ὀλιγαρχικοῦ γ. Pl. R. 572d: rarely c. part., μὴ προδοὺς ἡμᾶς γένῃ, i.e. προδότης ἡμῶν, S. Aj. 588, cf. Ph. 773; μὴ ἀπαρνηθεὶς γένῃ Pl. Sph. 217c; ἀποτετραμμένοι ἐγένοντο Th. 3.68, etc.: with Pron., τί γένωμαι; what am I to become, i.e. what is to become of me? A. Th. 297, cf. Theoc. 15.51; οὐκ ἔχοντες ὅτι γένωνται Th. 2.52; less freq. with masc., οὐδ' ἔχω τίς ἂν γενοίμαν A. Pr. 905; γίγνονται πάνθ' ὅτι βούλονται Ar. Nu. 348. in past tenses, having ceased to be, ὁ γενόμενος στρατηγός the ex -strategus, POxy. 38.11 (i A. D.); ἡ γ. γυνή τινος the former wife, PFlor. 99.4 (i/ii A. D.).

2. with Advbs., κακῶς χρῆν Κανδαύλῃ γενέσθαι Hdt. 1.8; εὖ, καλῶς, ἡδέως γ., it goes well, etc., X. An. 1.7.5, Arr. Epict. 3.24.97, LXX To. 7.9; with personal construction, οἱ παρὰ Πλάτωνι δειπνήσαντες ἐς αὔριον ἡδέως γίγνονται Plu. 2.127b; δίχα γ. τοῦ σώματος to be parted from.., X. Cyr. 8.7.20; τριχῇ γ. to be in three divisions, Id. An. 6.2.16; γ. ἐμποδών, ἐκποδών, E. Hec. 372, X. HG 6.5.38, etc.

3. folld. by oblique cases of Nouns, c. gen., γ. τῶν δικαστέων, τῶν γεραιτέρων, become one of.., Hdt. 5.25, X. Cyr. 1.2.15, cf. Ar. Nu. 107, etc.; βουλῆς γεγονώς D.C. 36.28 (cf. supr. 1.b); fall to, belong to, ἡ νίκη Ἀγησιλάου ἐγεγένητο X. HG 4.3.20; to be under control of, ὁ νοῦς ὅταν αὑτοῦ γένηται S. OC 660, cf. Pl. Phdr. 250a (s. v.l.); ὑμῶν αὐτῶν γενέσθαι D. 4.7 (also ἐντὸς ἑωυτοῦ γ. Hdt. 1.119; ἐν ἑαυτῷ γ. X. An. 1.5.17; ἐν σαυτοῦ γενοῦ S. Ph. 950); τὴν πόλιν ἐλπίδος μεγάλης γινομένην Plu. Phoc. 23: of things, to be at, i.e. cost, so much, αἱ τριχίδες εἰ γενοίαθ' ἑκατὸν τοὐβολοῦ Ar. Eq. 662, cf. X. Oec. 20.23. c. dat., fall to, i. e. as wife, LXX Numbers 36:11. with Preps., γ. ἀπὸ δείπνου, ἐκ θυσίας, have done.., Hdt. 2.78, 1.50; πολὺν χρόνον γ. ἀπό τινος to be separated from.., X. Mem. 1.2.25; γ. εἴς τι turn into, τὸ κακὸν γ. εἰς ἀγαθόν Thgn. 162; freq. in LXX, ἐγενήθη μοι εἰς γυναῖκα Genesis 20:12; εἰς βρῶσιν ib. La. 4.10; εἰς οὐδέν, εἰς κενόν, Acts 5:36; ; ἐς Αακεδαίμονα Hdt. 5.38 (in Hom. even without Pr, ἐμὲ χρεὼ γ. Od. 4.634); γ. τι εἴς τινα comes to him, of a dowry, Isa 3.36; of a ward, And. 1.117; γ. ἐξ ὀφθαλμῶν τινι to be out of sight, Hdt. 5.24; ἐξ ἀνθρώπων γ. disappear from.., Paus. 4.26.6; γ. ἐν Χίῳ Hdt. 5.33, etc.; γ. ἐν.., to be engaged in.., οἱ ἐν ποιήσει γινόμενοι in poetry, Id. 2.82; ἐν [πολέμῳ ] Th. 1.78; ἐν πείρᾳ γ. τινος X. An. 1.9.1; ἐν ὀργῇ, ἐν αἰτίᾳ πρός τινα γ., Plu. Flam. 16, Romans 7:1-25; of things, ἐν καιρῷ γ. to be in season, X. HG 4.3.2; ἐν τύχῃ γ. τινί τι Th. 4.73; γ. διὰ γηλόφων, of a road, X. An. 3.4.24; but δι' ἔχθρας γ. τινί to be at enmity with, Ar. Ra. 1412; γ. ἐπὶ ποταμῷ arrive or be at.., Hdt. 1.189, etc.; γ. ἐπί τινι fall into or be in one's power, X. An. 3.1.13, etc.; ἐπὶ συμφοραῖς γ. D. 21.58 codd. (-ᾶς Schaefer); γ. ἐπί τινι, also, to be set over.., X. Cyr. 3.3.53; γ. ἐφ' ἡμῶν αὐτῶν to be alone, Aeschin. 2. 36; γ. ἐπὶ τῆς διοικήσεως D.C. 43.48; γ. ἐπ' ἐλπίδος to be in hope, Plu. Sol. 14: Math., γ. ἐπὶ ἀριθμόν to be multiplied into a number, Theol.Ar. 3; γ. κατά τινα or τι to be near.. or opposite to.., in battle, X. Cyr. 7.1.14, HG 4.2.18; but κατὰ ξυστάσεις γ. to be formed into groups, Th. 2.21; καθ' ἓν γ. Id. 3.10; καθ' αὑτοὺς γ. to be alone, D. 10.52; γ. μετὰ τοῦ θείου to be with God, X. Cyr. 8.7.27, etc.; ἡ νίκη γ. σύν τινι Id. Ages. 2.13; γ. παρ' ἀμφοτέροις τοῖς πράγμασι to be present on both sides, Th. 5.26; γ. παρά τι to depend upon.., D. 18.232; γ. περὶ τὸ συμβουλεύειν to be engaged in.., Isoc. 3.12; γενοῦ πρός τινα go to So-and-so,

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

γίνομαι ,

Ion. and κοινή for Att... γίγν - (M, Pr., 47; Bl., § 6, 8; Mayser, 166 f.),

[in LXX chiefly for H1961;]

1. of persons, things, occurrences, to come into being, be born, arise, come on: John 1:15; John 8:58, 1 Corinthians 15:37; a first appearance in public, Mark 1:4, John 1:6, al.; seq. ἐκ (of birth), Romans 1:3, Galatians 4:4; διά , John 1:3; βροντή , John 12:29; σεισμός , Revelation 6:12; γογγυσμός , Acts 6:1; χαρά , Acts 8:8, and many other similar exx.; ἡμέρα , Luke 22:66, al.; ὀψέ , Mark 11:19; πρωΐα , Matthew 27:1; νύξ , Acts 27:27.

2. Of events, to come to pass, take place, happen: Matthew 5:13, Mark 5:14, Luke 1:20; Luke 2:15, Acts 4:21, 2 Timothy 2:18, al.; μὴ γένοιτο [LXX for H2486, Joshua 22:29, al.], far be it, God forbid: Romans 3:4 (ICC, in l), 1 Corinthians 6:15 and freq. in PL; καὶ ἐγένετο , ἐγένετο δέ ([in LXX for H1961;] v. Burton, 142 f.; M, Proverbs 16:1-33 L; Dalman, Words, 32 f.; Robertson, Gr., 1042 f.), c. indic., Matthew 7:28, Luke 1:8, al.; seq. καί et indic., Luke 8:1, Acts 5:7, al.; c. acc et inf., Mark 2:23, Luke 3:21, al.; ὡς δὲ ἐγένετο , seq. τοῦ c. inf., Acts 10:25; c. dat. pers., to befall one: c. inf., Acts 20:16; c. acc et inf., Acts 22:6; c. adv., εὖ , Ephesians 6:3; τί ἐγένετο αὐτῷ (Field, Notes, 115), Acts 7:40 (LXX); seq. εἰς , Acts 28:6.

3. to be made, done, performed, observed, enacted, ordained, etc.: Matthew 6:10; Matthew 19:8, Mark 2:27; Mark 11:23, Acts 19:25, al.; seq. διά c. gen., Mark 6:2, Acts 2:43; ὑπό , Luke 13:17; εἰς , Luke 4:28; ἐν , 1 Corinthians 9:15; ἀπογραφί , Luke 2:2; ἀνάκρισις , Acts 25:26; ἄφεσις , Hebrews 9:22; ὁ νόμος , Galatians 3:17; τό πάσχα , Matthew 26:2.

4. to become, be made, come to be: c. pred., Matthew 4:3, Luke 4:3, John 2:9, 1 Corinthians 13:11, al.; seq. ὡς , ὡσει , Matthew 10:25, Mark 9:26; εἰς (M, Pr., 71 f.), Mark 10:1-52, al.; c. gen., Revelation 11:15; id., of age, Luke 2:42; c. dat., γ . ἀνδρί ([LXX for H376 H1961, Ruth 1:12, al.;] v. Field, Notes, 156), Romans 7:3-4; seq. ἐν , Acts 22:17, Revelation 1:10, al.; ἐπάνω , Luke 19:19; μετά , c. gen., Mark 16:10, Acts 9:19; seq. εἰς , ἐπί (Field, Notes, 135), κατά (ib., 62), c. acc of place, Acts 20:16; Acts 21:35; Acts 27:7, al.; seq. ἐκ , Mark 9:7, Luke 3:22, 2 Thessalonians 2:7, al. floristic pf. γέγονα (M, Pr., 52, 145 f.; Field, Notes, 1 f.), Matthew 25:6, Luke 10:36, al. Aor. ἐγενήθη (for ἐγένετο , M, Pr., 139, 1.; Mayser, 379), Matthew 11:23, al.

(Cf. απο -, δια -, επι -, παρα -, συμ - παρα -, προ -.)

γίγνομαι , v.s. γίνομαι .


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The original meaning ";to come into being,"; ";be born,"; as in John 8:58, Galatians 4:4 al, may be illustrated by P Flor III. 382.38 (A.D. 222–3) ὁ ἐξ ἐμ ̣[οῦ ] γ ̣ενόμενος υἱὸς [Μ ]έλας ὀνόματι , 61 τοῦ μὴ ο ̣͗ντος [μ ]ηδὲ γενομένο [υ μ ]οι υἱοῦ Syll 802.6 (iii/B.C.) κόρον ἔτεκε , ὃς εὐ [θ ]ὺς γενόμενος αὐτὸς ἀπὸ τᾶς κράνας ἐλοῦτο —this precocious cleanliness is nothing very astonishing among the egregious wonders of the Asclepieum. So P Cattaouiv. 16 (ii/A.D.) (= Chrest. II. p. 422) ὁ προγενέστερος ποῦ σοι σ [τρα ]τ [ε ]υομ [ ]νῳ ἐγένετο ; This document contains a good instance of the use so common in NT, esp. in Ac, as v. 20 ἐὰν γένηταί με ἀποδημεῖν : cf. Matthew 18:13, etc. Cf. P Amh II. 135.10 (early ii/A.D.) ἐὰν γένηται ἡμᾶς μὴ ὑπογύως ἀναπλεῖν , ";if it should happen that we do not sail up suddenly"; (Edd.), BGU III. 970.15 (A.D. 174) ἐὰν γένηται μὴ εὐτονῆσαι αὐτόν : all these are mentioned in Proleg. p. 17. Add P Par 49.29 (B.C. 164–58) (= Witkowski.2, p. 71) γίνεται γὰρ ἐντραπῆναι . Cf. MGr γίνεται νὰ c. subj. = ";it is possible that . . ."; For γ . with dat. as in Romans 7:3, cf. P Petr II. 40 (b).7 (B.C. 277) ὃς ἐπακολουθήσει τῆι ἐγχύσει τοῦ γινομένου σοι γλεύκους , ";who will see to the pouring out of the must which comes to you"; (Ed.), P Lond 21.29 (B.C. 162) (= I. p. 13) σοὶ δὲ γίνοιτο εὐημερεῖν , Ostr 1530 (B.C. 120) ἀπέχω παρὰ σοῦ τὸ γινόμενόν μοι , ";money due to me."; With Acts 22:17, 2 Corinthians 3:7, we may compare P Petr II. 20iii. 12 (B.C. 252) συνέβη ἐν ἐπισχέσε [ι ] γενέσθα [ι , and P Tebt II. 423.14 (early iii/A.D.) ὡς εἰς ἀγωνίαν με γενέσθαι ἐν τῷ παρόντι , ";so I am at present very anxious"; (Edd.). P Oxy II. 283.11 (A.D. 45) καὶ γενόμενος ἐν τῇ Μέμφει τῇ ιε ̄ Ἰουλίᾳ [Σ ]εβαστῇ τοῦ ἐνεστῶτος μηνὸς Καισαρείου , ";I reached Memphis on the day Julia Augusta, the 15th of the present month Caesareus"; (Edd.); cf. ib. IV. 709.7 (c. A.D. 50) ἐν Μένφει γενόμενος , where the phrase must be translated in the same way (see Archiv iv. p. 376). Cf. P Lond 962.1 (A.D. 254 or 261) (= III. p. 210) γενοῦ πρὸς Ἄταιν τὸν ποιμένα καὶ δέξαι παρ᾽ αὐτοῦ δραχμὰς διακοσίας , P Flor II. 180.45 (A.D. 253) ἐὰν γένηται πρός σε Διόσκορος , al. Γίνομαι sometimes supplies an aorist for εἰμί : ἐγενόμην is normally ingressive (= became), but has to serve on occasion for summary (";constative";) aorist as well—cf. Proleg. p. 109. Thus P Flor III. 382.61 (cited ad init.) might be translated ";the son whom I neither have nor ever had,"; as well as ";nor was ever born to me."; Luke 13:2 is an instance of this summary use. It appears in a very common technical usage, by which γενόμενος , with the title of an official, etc., denotes ";ex-"; : where the title forms a verb, the aor. (less often the perf.) partic. of this is used instead. Thus ";ex-gymnasiarch"; is γυμνασιαρχήσας . For the periphrasis cf. P Oxy I. 38.11 (A.D. 49–50) (= Selections, p. 53) καθὰ π ̣[α ]ρῆλθον ἐπὶ τοῦ γενομένου τοῦ νομοῦ στρατηγοῦ Πασίωνος , ";I accordingly brought an action before Pasion, who was exstrategus of the nome."; The idiom has wider applications, as in P Flor I. 99.4 (i/ii A.D.) (= Selections, p. 71) τῆς . . . γενομ ̣ε ̣νης γυναικός , ";his former wife."; In Cambridge Biblical Essays (ed. Swete, 1909), p. 491, this was applied to the important statement of Papias about Mark, who, ";having become the interpreter of Peter, wrote,"; etc. (Lightfoot) : we see now that we should read, ";having been";—his connexion with Peter was past. See Milligan Documents, p. 270. Not quite the same are BGU II. 362iii. 20 (A.D. 215) (= Chrest. I. p. 126) τοῦ πρὸ ἐμοῦ γε [νομένου ἐπιμελητ ]οῦ , ";who was epimeletes before me,"; and P Oxy VIII. 1119.6 (A.D. 254) ὁ τότε γενόμενος ἀμφοδογραμματεύς , ";the then amphodogrammateus"; (Ed.). In P Tebt II. 315.21 (ii/A.D.) ἐγένετο γάρ μου φίλος is rendered ";as he has become my friend"; (Edd.)—aor. of immediate past : in another context it could mean ";he was (once) my friend."; For γ . used practically as a passive to ποιῶ , as in Acts 19:26, cf. P Ryl II. 231.3 (A.D. 40) τ [οὺ ]ς ἄρτους καλ ̣ω ̣̑ς ποιήσεις εἰπὼ (ν ) γενέσθαι , ";kindly order the loaves to be made"; (Edd.). There is an extremely common use of γίνεται (generally abbreviated) to denote the total of a column of figures, which ";come to"; so much : see e.g. the table of abbreviations P Lond III. p. 345, near the end, with reff. Among other special usages there is the Pauline μὴ γένοιτο , common in Epictetus (cf. D. S. Sharp Epictetus and the NT, pp. 6, 112), e.g. i. i. 13, τί οὖν ; μή τι μικρά σοι φαίνεται ταῦτα ; μὴ γένοιτο . Γέγονεν standing by itself as an answer to a question (";what can you say as to, . . ?";) in P Strass I. 22i. 17 (iii/A.D.) looks at first rather like that which occurs in Revelation 16:17; Revelation 21:6, but the reference is superficial. On the use of γέγονα aoristically, see Proleg. p. 145 f. Add there a typical instance from Diogenes Laert. Proem. § 5 παράγουσι καὶ Ὀρφέα τὸν Θρᾷκα , λέγοντες φιλόσοφον γεγονέναι , καὶ εἶναι ἀρχαιότατον , ";that he was a philosopher, and belongs to the earliest times";; also Preisigke 1854, Ἄσελλος ὧδε γέγον [α . This last is one of the 162 sightseers’ scribblings on the walls of the tombs of the kings at Thebes : 34 of them add to their name the verb ἱστόρησα , ἀφικόμην , ἐθαύμασα , or other aoristic expression of their feelings, and 9 more use ἥκω . When this one comes to ";write him down"; Asellus, his unique ὧδε γέγονα may be either compared with ἥκω (perfect) ὧδε , as in no. 1868, or made virtually aoristic like the majority. There is little difference. In Proleg. p. 239 a further instance of aoristic γέγονε is cited from C. and B. ii. p. 477, no. 343.

The loss of γ from the original form, here and in γινώσκω , is found in the Ionic from v/B.C., and in Attic inscrr. from c. 300 : see Brugmann-Thumb Gr. p. 126. It is the only Κοινή form—γίνομαι is MGr—but there are a few instances of γιγν . in papyri due to the effort to write ";correctly"; : see Mayser Gr. p. 164 f. As late as P Thead 13i. 10 (A.D. 322—a procès verbal from a law case) we find γιγνομένην . An aorist ἐγεινάμην is sometimes found, as in Ostr 1616.6 (B.C. 149–8 or 138–7), and it is possible that this (classical) form may be responsible for the rather marked fondness for the spelling γείνομαι in pres. : normally we may ignore altogether the difference of ει and ι . For γέγοναν (Romans 16:7 אAB), cf. BGU II. 597.19 (A.D. 75), al. See Proleg. p. 52, where however the illiteracy of this form is too confidently expressed. The aor. ἐγενήθην , to which the Atticists objected, was common in early Κοινή , but fell back after ii/B.C.—see Mayser Gr. p. 379.

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
γεγενημένοις γεγενημενον γεγενημένον γεγενημένων γεγενησθαι γεγενήσθαι γεγενῆσθαι γεγένησθε γεγένηται γεγονα γέγονα γεγοναμεν γεγόναμεν γεγοναν γέγοναν γεγονας γέγονας γεγονασι γεγόνασι γεγόνασί γεγόνασιν γεγονατε γεγόνατε γέγονε γεγονει γεγόνει γεγονεν γέγονεν γεγονεναι γεγονέναι γεγονος γεγονός γεγονὸς γεγονότα γεγονοτας γεγονότας γεγονοτες γεγονότες γεγονοτι γεγονότι γεγονυια γεγονυία γεγονυῖα γεγονυίας γεγονως γεγονώς γεγονὼς γενεσθαι γενέσθαι γένεσθαι γενέσθε γένεσθε γενεσθω γενέσθω γενέσθωσαν γένη γενηθεντας γενηθέντας γενηθεντες γενηθέντες γενηθέντος γενηθεντων γενηθέντων γένηθη γενηθηναι γενηθήναι γενηθήναί γενηθῆναι γενηθητε γενήθητε γενηθητω γενηθήτω γενηθήτωσαν γενηθωμεν γενηθῶμεν γενησεσθε γενήσεσθε γενησεται γενήσεται γενησθε γένησθε γενησομενον γενησόμενον γενησομένων γενησονται γενήσονται γενηται γενηταί γένηται γένηταί γενοίμην γένοιντο γενοιτο γένοιτο γένοιτό γενομενα γενόμενα γενομεναι γενόμεναι γενομένας γενομένη γενομενην γενομένην γενομενης γενομένης γενομενοι γενόμενοι γενόμενοί γενομενοις γενομένοις γενομενον γενόμενον γενομενος γενόμενος γενομενου γενομένου γενομένους γενομένω γενομενων γενομένων γενού γενωμαι γένωμαι γένωμαί γενωμεθα γενώμεθα γενωνται γένωνται γένωνταί γινεσθαι γίνεσθαι γινεσθε γίνεσθε γίνεσθέ γινεσθω γινέσθω γινέσθωσαν γινεται γίνεται γίνη γίνομαι γινομενα γινόμενα γινομεναι γινόμεναι γινομέναις γινομενας γινομένας γινομενη γινομένη γινομένῃ γινομενης γινομένης γινομενοι γινόμενοι γινομενοις γινομένοις γινομενον γινόμενον γινόμενος γινομενου γινομένου γινομένω γινομενων γινομένων γίνονται γινου γίνου γινωμεθα γινώμεθα γινωνται γίνωνται εγεγονει εγεγόνει ἐγεγόνει εγενεσθε εγένεσθε ἐγένεσθε ΕΓΕΝΕΤΟ εγενέτο εγένετο εγένετό ἐγένετο εγενήθε εγενηθη εγενήθη εγένηθη ἐγενήθη εγενηθημεν εγενήθημεν εγένηθημεν ἐγενήθημεν εγενηθην εγενήθην ἐγενήθην εγενήθης εγενηθησαν εγενήθησαν εγενήθησάν ἐγενήθησαν ἐγενήθησάν εγενηθητε εγενήθητε εγενήθητέ ἐγενήθητε εγενόμεθα εγενομην εγενόμην ἐγενόμην εγενοντο εγένοντο εγένοντό ἐγένοντο εγενου εγένου ἐγένου εγινετο εγίνετο ἐγίνετο εγίνοντο εγίνοντό εγίνου οἵτινες προσγεγενημένων egegonei egegónei egenesthe egénesthe egenethe egenēthē egenḗthe egenḗthē egenethemen egenēthēmen egenḗthemen egenḗthēmen egenethen egenēthēn egenḗthen egenḗthēn egenethesan egenēthēsan egenḗthesan egenḗthesán egenḗthēsan egenḗthēsán egenethete egenēthēte egenḗthete egenḗthēte EGENETO egéneto egenomen egenomēn egenómen egenómēn egenonto egénonto egenou egénou egineto egíneto gegenemenon gegeneménon gegenēmenon gegenēménon gegenesthai gegenêsthai gegenēsthai gegenē̂sthai gegona gégona gegonamen gegónamen gegonan gégonan gegonas gégonas gegonasin gegónasin gegonate gegónate gegonei gegónei gegonen gégonen gegonenai gegonénai gegonos gegonós gegonòs gegonōs gegonṑs gegonotas gegonótas gegonotes gegonótes gegonoti gegonóti gegonuia gegonyîa genesesthe genēsesthe genḗsesthe genesetai genēsetai genḗsetai genesomenon genesómenon genēsomenon genēsómenon genesontai genēsontai genḗsontai genesthai genésthai genesthe genēsthe génesthe génēsthe genestho genesthō genéstho genésthō genetai genētai génetai génetaí génētai génētaí genethenai genethênai genēthēnai genēthē̂nai genethentas genethéntas genēthentas genēthéntas genethentes genethéntes genēthentes genēthéntes genethenton genethénton genēthentōn genēthéntōn genethete genēthēte genḗthete genḗthēte genetheto genethḗto genēthētō genēthḗtō genethomen genethômen genēthōmen genēthō̂men genoito génoito génoitó genomai genōmai génomai génōmai genomena genómena genomenai genómenai genomenen genomenēn genoménen genoménēn genomenes genomenēs genoménes genoménēs genomenoi genómenoi genomenois genoménois genomenon genomenōn genoménon genoménōn genómenon genomenos genómenos genomenou genoménou genometha genōmetha genṓmetha genontai genōntai génontai génōntai ginesthai gínesthai ginesthe gínesthe ginestho ginesthō ginéstho ginésthō ginetai gínetai ginomena ginómena ginomenai ginómenai ginomenas ginoménas ginomene ginomenē ginoméne ginoménē ginoménei ginoménēi ginomenes ginomenēs ginoménes ginoménēs ginomenoi ginómenoi ginomenois ginoménois ginomenon ginomenōn ginoménon ginoménōn ginómenon ginomenou ginoménou ginometha ginōmetha ginṓmetha ginontai ginōntai gínontai gínōntai ginou gínou oitines
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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