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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3449 - μόχθος

Root Word (Etymology)
from the base of (G3425)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. a hard and difficult labour, toil, travail, hardship, distress
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 205 ‑ אָוֶן (aw'‑ven);  3015 ‑ יָגוֹן (yaw‑gohn');  3018 ‑ יְגִיעַ (yeg‑ee'‑ah);  5999 ‑ עָמָל (aw‑mawl');  6468 ‑ פְּעֻלָּה (peh‑ool‑law');  6531 ‑ פֶּרֶךְ (peh'‑rek);  8513 ‑ תְּלָאָה (tel‑aw‑aw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
2 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
NAS (3)
2 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
CSB (3)
2 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
BSB (3)
2 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
ESV (2)
2 Corinthians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
WEB (2)
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μόχθ-ος, ὁ,

= Homeric μόγος, toil, hardship, distress, ἀμφὶ δ' ἀέθλῳ δῆριν ἔχειν καὶ μ. Hes. Sc. 306; μόχθων ἀμπνοά, ἀμοιβά, Pi. O. 8.7, N. 5.48: freq. in Trag., A. Ch. 921, S. Ph. 480, etc.: also in pl., toils, troubles, hardships, A. Pr. 541 (lyr.), etc.; of the labours of Heracles, S. Tr. 1101, 1170; μ. τέκνων for them, E. Med. 1261 (lyr.); μόχθον ἀμφὶ πράγμασι Epigr. ap. Aeschin. 3.184; Ἀπελλείου μ. γραφίδος, of a picture, APl. 4.178 (Antip. Sid.). Rare in early Prose (not in Pl. or Oratt.), cf. μ. καὶ ταλαιπωρίη Democr. 223; ἐλευθέριοι μ. X. Smp. 2.4; διὰ μόχθων Id. Cyr. 1.6.25: freq. in LXX, Exodus 18:8, al.; κόπος καὶ μ. 1 Thessalonians 2:9; μ. implies hardship, πόνος work (but μ. is said to be Cret. for πόνος AB 1096).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μόχθος, μόχθου, , hard and difficult labor, toil, travail; hardship, distress: 2 Corinthians 11:27; 1 Thessalonians 2:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:8; see κόπος, 3 b. (Hesiod scut. 306; Pindar, Tragg., Xenophon, others; the Sept. chiefly for עָמָל.) (Synonym: see κόπος, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μόχθος , -ου ,

(= Hom. μόγος ), in cl. chiefly poët.,

[in LXX for H8513, H5999, etc.;]

toil, labour, hardship, distress: 2 Corinthians 11:27, 1 Thessalonians 2:9, 2 Thessalonians 3:8.†

SYN.: κόπος (q.v.), πόνος .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

An interesting ex. of this verb is found in a letter ol remonstrance from the Senate of Antinoöpolis to the epistrategus Antonius Alexander, in which they vindicated the privilege bestowed on them by Hadrian to be exempt from public burdens outside their own city, P Oxy VIII.1119.16 (A.D. 254) θεὸς Ἁδριανὸς. . . . . . ἐνομοθέτησεν σαφῶς παρὰ νόμοις μὲν ἡμεῖν ἄρχειν καὶ λειτουργεῖν, πασῶν δὲ ἀπηλλάχθη τῶν παρ᾽ ἄλλοις ἀρχῶν τε καὶ λειτουργιῶν, ";the deified Hadrian clearly established the law that we should bear office and burdens nowhere but at home, and we were relieved of all offices and burdens elsewhere"; (Ed.). For the pass., which alone occurs in the NT, see OGIS 329.18 (mid. ii/B.C.) τὰ καλῶς καὶ δικαίως νενομοθετημένα ἡμῖν ὑπὸ τῶ [ν βα ]σιλέων, ib. 493.56 (ii/A.D.) ταῦτα μὲν ὑμεῖς ὀρθῶς καὶ καλῶς. . νενομοθετήσθω.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εμόχθησα εμόχθησας εμόχθησεν μοχθεί μοχθείς μοχθήση μόχθοι μόχθοις μοχθον μόχθον μόχθος μόχθου μόχθους μοχθω μοχθώ μόχθω μόχθῳ μοχλοί μοχλός μοχλούς μοχλώ μοχλών mochtho mochthō móchthoi móchthōi mochthon móchthon
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