Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3449 - μόχθος
- a hard and difficult labour, toil, travail, hardship, distress
= Homeric μόγος, toil, hardship, distress, ἀμφὶ δ' ἀέθλῳ δῆριν ἔχειν καὶ μ. Hes. Sc. 306; μόχθων ἀμπνοά, ἀμοιβά, Pi. O. 8.7, N. 5.48: freq. in Trag., A. Ch. 921, S. Ph. 480, etc.: also in pl., toils, troubles, hardships, A. Pr. 541 (lyr.), etc.; of the labours of Heracles, S. Tr. 1101, 1170; μ. τέκνων for them, E. Med. 1261 (lyr.); μόχθον ἀμφὶ πράγμασι Epigr. ap. Aeschin. 3.184; Ἀπελλείου μ. γραφίδος, of a picture, APl. 4.178 (Antip. Sid.). — Rare in early Prose (not in Pl. or Oratt.), cf. μ. καὶ ταλαιπωρίη Democr. 223; ἐλευθέριοι μ. X. Smp. 2.4; διὰ μόχθων Id. Cyr. 1.6.25: freq. in LXX, Exodus 18:8, al.; κόπος καὶ μ. 1 Thessalonians 2:9; μ. implies hardship, πόνος work (but μ. is said to be Cret. for πόνος AB 1096).
μόχθος , -ου , ὁ
(= Hom. μόγος ), in cl. chiefly poët.,
toil, labour, hardship, distress: 2 Corinthians 11:27, 1 Thessalonians 2:9, 2 Thessalonians 3:8.†
SYN.: κόπος (q.v.), πόνος .
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
An interesting ex. of this verb is found in a letter ol remonstrance from the Senate of Antinoöpolis to the epistrategus Antonius Alexander, in which they vindicated the privilege bestowed on them by Hadrian to be exempt from public burdens outside their own city, P Oxy VIII.1119.16 (A.D. 254) θεὸς Ἁδριανὸς. . . . . . ἐνομοθέτησεν σαφῶς παρὰ νόμοις μὲν ἡμεῖν ἄρχειν καὶ λειτουργεῖν, πασῶν δὲ ἀπηλλάχθη τῶν παρ᾽ ἄλλοις ἀρχῶν τε καὶ λειτουργιῶν, ";the deified Hadrian clearly established the law that we should bear office and burdens nowhere but at home, and we were relieved of all offices and burdens elsewhere"; (Ed.). For the pass., which alone occurs in the NT, see OGIS 329.18 (mid. ii/B.C.) τὰ καλῶς καὶ δικαίως νενομοθετημένα ἡμῖν ὑπὸ τῶ [ν βα ]σιλέων, ib. 493.56 (ii/A.D.) ταῦτα μὲν ὑμεῖς ὀρθῶς καὶ καλῶς. . νενομοθετήσθω.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.