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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3487 - νάρδος

of foreign origin cf (H5373)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. nard, the head or spike of a fragrant East Indian plant belonging to the genus Valerianna, which yields a juice of delicious odour which the ancients used (either pure or mixed) in the preparation of a most precious ointment
  2. nard oil or ointment
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5373 ‑ נֵרְדְּ (nayrd);  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

νάρδος, ἡ,


1. spikenard, Nardostachys Jatamansi, Thphr. HP 9.7.2, Nic. Th. 604, LXX Ca. 1.12, Mark 14:3; ν. Ἰνδική Dsc. 1.7, etc.; νάρδου στάχυς Gal. 12.84, al.; cf. sq.

2. ν. Κελτική Celtic nard, Valeriana celtica, Dsc. 1.8, cf. Plin. HN 14.107.

3. ν. ὀρεινή or ὀρεία mountain nard, Valeriana Dioscoridis, Dsc. 1.9 (cf. Thphr. HP 9.7.4).

4. ν. Συριακή Syrian nard, Cymbopogon Iwarancusa, Dsc. 1.7, cf. Plin. HN 12.45.

5. νάρδου ῥίζα ginger grass, Cymbopogon Schoenanthus, Arr. An. 6.22, cf. 7.20.

6. ν. ἀγρία, = ἄσαρον, Dsc. 1.10; = φοῦ, ib.11.

II oil of spikenard, PSI 6.628.7 (iii B.C.), AP 6.250 (Antiphil.), Aret. CD 2.2, etc.; ν. Βαβυλωνιακή Alex. 308. (Semitic word, cf. Bab. lardu.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

νάρδος, νάρδου, (a Sanskrit word (cf. Fick as in Löw below); Hebrew נֵרְדְּ, Song of Solomon 1:12; Song of Solomon 4:13f);

a. nard, the head or spike of a fragrant East Indian plant belonging to the genus Valeriana, which yields a juice of delicious odor which the ancients used (either pure or mixed) in the preparation of a most precious ointment; hence,

b. nard oil or ointment; so Mark 14:3; John 12:3. Cf. Winer, RWB under the word Narde; Rüetschi in Herzog x., p. 203; Furrer in Schenkel, p. 286f; (Löw, Aramäische Pflanzennamen (Leip. 1881), § 316, p. 368f; Royle in Alex.'s Kitto under the word Nerd; Birdwood in the 'Bible Educator' ii. 152).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

νάρδος , -ου ,

(Heb. H5373, both from Sanscrit narda, v. Boisacq, s.v.),

[in LXX: ; (H5373)*;]


(a) an Indian plant, the Nardostachys nardus jatamansi, used for the preparation of a fragrant ointment;

(b) ointment of nard: Mark 14:3, John 12:3.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In 1 Corinthians 11:6 most editors accentuate ξυρᾶσθαι pres. mid. ";to go shaven,"; but in view of the immediately preceding aor. κείρασθαι, it is probably better to read ξύρασθαι, aor. mid. of ξύρω, a form found in Plutarch (see Veitch s.v.) : cf. WH Notes.2, p. 172, Moulton Gr. ii. p. 200f. For ξυρητής (not in LS), ";one who shaves,"; see BGU II. 630v. 10 (c. A.D. 200) : ξύρησις, ";baldness,"; is found in Isaiah 22:12. MGr ξ (ο)υρίζω.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ενάρκησε ενάρκησεν νάρδος ναρδου νάρδου νάρδων nardou nárdou
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