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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3579 - ξενίζω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G3581)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to receive as a guest, to entertain, hospitably
    1. to be received hospitably
    2. to stay as a guest, to lodge
    3. be lodged
  2. to surprise or astonish by the strangeness and novelty of a thing
    1. to think strange, be shocked
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (11)
Acts 7
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 3
NAS (12)
Acts 9
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 2
CSB (10)
Acts 7
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 2
BSB (10)
Acts 7
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 2
ESV (10)
Acts 7
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 2
WEB (11)
Acts 7
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. and ξεινίζω, fut. -ιῶ, later -ίσω Gp. 12.13.12: aor. ἐξείνισσα, ξείνισσα, -ισα (v. infr.): (ξένος):

I receive or entertain as a guest, ξείνους Od. 3.355; τὸν μὲν ἐγὼ.. ἐῢ ἐξείνισσα 19.194; ἐννῆμαρ ξείνισσε Il. 6.174; ξείνισ' ἐνὶ μεγάροισιν ib. 217; ξ. τινὰ ἐν δόμοις E. Alc. 1013, etc.; ξ. [τινὰ] σίτοισι S. Fr. 666; ξ. τινὰ πολλοῖς ἀγαθοῖς to present with hospitable gifts, X. Cyr. 5.3.2; ὑμᾶς ἐν πόλει ξενίσωμεν ὧν.. εἴχομεν with or on what we had, Ar. Lys. 1184: metaph., ὃν.. Ἄρης οὐκ ἐξένισεν, i.e. who fell not in battle, S. El. 96 (anap.): Pass., to be entertained as a guest, Ar. Ach. 73; ξενισθεὶς μὴ ἀντιξενίσαι Phld. Vit. p.30 J.; ὑπό τινος Hdt. 1.30, X. HG 3.1.24, etc.; παρά τινι D.S. 14.30, Acts 10:6, Acts 21:16; πρός τινα Philem. 109: metaph., λαχάνοισιν, ὥσπερ χῆνες, ἐξενισμένοι Theopomp.Com. 13.


1. surprise, astonish by some strange sight, ξενίζουσαν καὶ καταπληκτικὴν πρόσοψιν Plb. 3.114.4; ξ. τὴν ἀκοήν, of strange words, Hld. 6.14; ξ. καὶ ταράττειν Gp. 2.48.2; ξ. [τὴν τῶν πολλῶν συνήθειαν] do violence to the ordinary use of language, Simp. in Cael. 679.28: Pass., to be astonished, S. Ichn. 137; τινι Plb. 1.23.5, 3.68.9, 1 Peter 4:12; διὰ τὸ παράδοξον Plb. 1.49.7; ἐπί τινι Id. 2.27.4, D.S. 31.2; κατά τι Plb. 1.33.1; μὴ συντρεχόντων ὑμῶν 1 Peter 4:4; εἰ.. M.Ant. 8.15, cf. Vett.Val. 302.17; πῶς.. PStrassb. 35.6 (v A. D.); to be puzzled, unable to comprehend, Ael. Tact. 1.6; of fresh leeches, to be unaccustomed to the skin, Antyll. ap. Orib. 7.21.1.

2. make strange, of plants and animals, i.e. stunt their growth and distort them, Gp. 9.5.3 (Pass.); τῷ πλήθει ξενιζομένη ἡ φύσις being altered in character, Alex.Aphr. Pr. 1.80, cf. Hippiatr. 15.


1. intr., to be a stranger, speak with a foreign accent, D. 57.18; τὸ ξενίζον τῆς λέξεως D.S. 12.53, cf. Luc. Hist.Conscr. 45.

2. to be strange or unusual, of diseases, Gal. 17(1).162; ξ. τῷ σχήματι Luc. Anach. 16; τῷ τρίβωνι Id. Merc.Cond. 24; θάνατος.. τῇ τόλμῃ ξενίζων Id. Hist. Conscr. 25.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ξενίζω; 1 aorist ἐξενισα; passive, present ξενίζομαι; 1 aorist ἐξενίσθην; from Homer down;

1. to receive as a guest, to entertain hospitably: τινα, Acts 10:23; Acts 28:7; Hebrews 13:2; passive to be recieved hospitably; to stay as a guest, to lodge (be lodged): ἐνθάδε, Acts 10:18; ἐν οἰκία τίνος, Acts 10:32; παρά τίνι, Acts 10:6; Acts 21:16 (cf. Buttmann, 284 (244); Winer's Grammar, 214 (201)), and sundry manuscripts in 1 Corinthians 16:19; (Diodorus 14, 30).

2. to surprise or astonish by the strangeness and novelty of a thing (cf. German befremden): ζενιζοντα τινα, Acts 17:20 (ξενιζουσα πρόσοψις καί καταπληκτικη, Polybius 3, 114, 4; τόν Θεόν ἐξενιζε τό πραττόμενον, Josephus, Antiquities 1, 1, 4; ξενιζουσαι συμφοραι, 2 Macc. 9:6); passive to be surprised, astonished at the novelty or strangeness of a thing; to think strange, be shocked: with the dative of the thing (Winer's Grammar, § 31, 1 f.), 1 Peter 4:12 (Polybius 1, 23, 5; 3,68, 9); ἐν with the dative of the thing (cf. Buttmann, § 133, 23), 1 Peter 4:4.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ξενίζω

(< ξένος ),

[in LXX: Ezra 3:13, Sirach 29:25, 2 Maccabees 9:6, 3 Maccabees 7:3*;]

1. to receive as a guest, entertain: c. acc pers., Acts 10:23; Acts 28:7, Hebrews 13:2; pass., Acts 10:6; Acts 10:18; Acts 10:32; Acts 21:16.

2. In late writers (Polyb., al.; 2Mac, l.c.), to surprise, astonish by strangeness: Acts 17:20; pass., 1 Peter 4:4; 1 Peter 4:12.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For ὀνειδίζω, ";reproach,"; ";revile,"; c. acc. as in Matthew 27:44, cf. BGU IV. 1024vii. 21 (ii/iii A.D.), where a man is charged with having basely slain a woman—τὴν ἐπ᾽ ἀ [ν ]θρώποις τύχην ὀνειδίζουσαν. The pass. (cf. 1 Peter 4:14) is seen in P Giss I. 40ii. 5 (A.D. 215) ο ̣ὐκ ὀνειδισθήσετα ̣ι ἡ τῆ ̣ͅς ἀτιμί [α ]ς παρασημεί [ω ]σι ̣ς.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εξένισε εξενισεν εξένισεν ἐξένισεν ξένια ξενιζεσθε ξενίζεσθε ξενιζεται ξενίζεται ξενιζοντα ξενίζοντα ξενιζονται ξενίζονται ξενίοις ξενισαντες ξενίσαντες ξενισθωμεν ξενισθώμεν ξενισθῶμεν ξενισμός exenisen exénisen xenisantes xenísantes xenisthomen xenisthômen xenisthōmen xenisthō̂men xenizesthe xenízesthe xenizetai xenízetai xenizonta xenízonta xenizontai xenízontai
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