Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3590 - ὄγδοος
- the eighth
ὄγδοος, η, ον,
eighth, Il. 7.223, etc.; ὀγδόη (sc. ἡμέρα), ὀγδόῃ τῆς πρυτανείας IG 12.374.416; ὀγδόῃ Πυανεψιῶνος Plu. Thes. 36. [ὄγδοον as disyll., Od. 7.261 = 14.287 (s. v. l.): ὄγδος late spelling in Ostr. 922, etc.]
ὄγδοος , -η , -ον ,
the eighth. Luke 1:59, Acts 7:3 (LXX), Revelation 17:11; Revelation 21:20; one of eight, with seven others (usually, in this sense, with αὐτός added, but cf. Plat., Legg., iii, 695 c; Plut., Pelop., 13; 2 Maccabees 5:27): 2 Peter 2:5.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For ὄξος, ";sour wine"; drunk by soldiers, as in Matthew 27:48 al., cf. P Lond 1245.9 (A.D. 357) (= III. p. 228) a receipt for 4000 ξέσται supplied to soldiers stationed at Hermopolis—ὄξους ξέστας τετρακ ̣ι ̣̄σχειλίους. Other exx. of the word, where it is distinguished from οἶνος, are ib. 856.28 (tariff of excise duties—late i/A.D.) (= III. p. 92) πλὴν οἴνου κ [αὶ ὄ ]ξους, and ib. 1159.49 (A.D. 145–7) (= III. p. 113) ἐπὶ οἴνου καὶ ὄξου (ς) οἱ πρόοντες. See also for the word P Flor III. 334.5 (ii/A.D.) προ ̣σ ̣ε ̣ν ̣εγκέ μοι εἰς ἕψησιν γάρον (";fish-sauce";) καὶ ὄξ [ο ]ς ἐκ τοῦ Κῴου καὶ ἐλαίαν, P Tebt II. 403.18 (A.D. 212–7) λόγ [ο ]ς τοῦ μετρηθέ [ντος ] ἡμεῖν ὄξους εἰς τ [ὴν ἐνεσ ]τῶσαν ἡμέρα [ν, BGU I. 14ii. 13 (A.D. 255) ὄξους ὑδρομιγ (οῦς), and P Oxy XIV. 1776.8 (late iv/A.D.) ὅσον χρῄζουσι ἔν τε σίτῳ ἢ ὄξους (l. ὄξει) παρασχοῦ αὐτοῖς, ";supply them with whatever they require in the way of corn or sour wine."; The dim. ὀξ (ε)ίδιον occurs in BGU II. 417.31 (ii/iii A.D.) ἔρρωσό μοι, γλυκύτατε, καὶ ὀξείδιά μοι κόμισον, cf. .22, and the late P Lond 113. 11(a).3 (vi/vii A.D.) (= I. p. 223) a contract to take the sour wine (τὰ ὀξίδια) of one year’s vintage in exchange for the sweet wine (τοῦ οἴνου) of the succeeding year. Ὄξος is to ὀξύς as εὖρος is to εὐρύς : cf. acetum and acies, acer, etc.
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the Second Week of Lent