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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3623 - οἰκονόμος
- the manager of household or of household affairs
- esp. a steward, manager, superintendent (whether free-born or as was usually the case, a freed-man or a slave) to whom the head of the house or proprietor has intrusted the management of his affairs, the care of receipts and expenditures, and the duty of dealing out the proper portion to every servant and even to the children not yet of age
- the manager of a farm or landed estate, an overseer
- the superintendent of the city's finances, the treasurer of a city (or of treasurers or quaestors of kings)
- metaph. the apostles and other Christian teachers and bishops and overseers
οἰκόνομ-ος, ὁ, ἡ,
1. one who manages a household, = cross οἰκοδεσπότης, X. Oec. 1.2, Pl. R. 417a, etc.; steward of an estate, Ζήνωνι τῷ οἰ. PCair.Zen. 48.2 (iii B.C.); house-steward, being a slave, IG 5(1).40, 1235, IGRom. 4.1699, TAM 2.518 (Pinara), prob. in BCH 52.413: metaph., οἰ. ἡδονῆς Alcid. ap. Arist. Rh. 1406a27.
2. generally, manager, administrator, opp. τύραννος, Id. Pol. 1314b7, etc.: hence, title of a subordinate state official, IG 5(2).389.15 (Lusi, iv/iii B. C.); also of a high financial officer, Inscr.Prien. 6.30 (iv B. C.), BMus.Inscr. 448.7 (Ephesus, iv B. C.); under a monarch, OGI 225.37 (iii B. C.); in Egypt, ORLaws 3.3, 5.6, al. (iii B. C.), PTeb. 39.11 (ii B. C.), etc.; in charge of the Serapeum, UPZ 56.7 (ii B. C., pl.); οἱ Καίσαρος οἰ., = Lat. procuratores Caesaris, Luc. Alex. 39; θεοῦ οἰ. minister of God, Titus 1:7; 1 Corinthians 4:1.
II as fem., housekeeper, housewife, Phoc. 3.7, Lys. 1.7: Metaph., A. Ag. 155.
οἰκονόμος , -ου , ὁ
(< οἶκος + νέμω , to manage),
[in LXX chiefly for H5921;]
1. prop., the manager of a household or estate, a house- or land-steward (usually a slave or freedman): Luke 12:42; Luke 16:1; Luke 16:3; Luke 16:8, 1 Corinthians 4:2, Galatians 4:2; ὀ οἰ . τ . πόλεως (RV, treasurer; cf. 1 Esdras 4:49), Romans 16:23.
2. Metaph. (in wider sense; cf. οἰκονομία ), an administrator, a steward: of Christian ministers, 1 Corinthians 4:1, Titus 1:7; of Christians generally, 1 Peter 4:10.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In P Petr III. 56 (b.).10 (B.C. 269–258) an official swears that he will manage affairs in connexion with the dykes uprightly and justly—τὰ χωματικὰ πραγματεύσεσθαι ὀρθῶς καὶ δικαίως. Cf. P Eleph 9.3 (B.C. 223–222) ο ̣ὐ ̣κ ̣ ὀρθῶς ̣ ο ̣ὖ ̣ν ̣ ποιεῖς ἀ [ναβαλόμενος τὰ π ]ράγματα, and P Ryl II. 177.14 (A.D. 246) περὶ δὲ τοῦ ὀρθῶς καλῶς [γεγενῆσθαι, ";but as to whether this has been rightly and fairly done.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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