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the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3696 - ὅπλον

Transliteration
hóplon
Phonetics
hop'-lon
Origin
probably from a primary hepo (to be busy about)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
TDNT
5:292,702
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Definition   
Thayer's
  1. any tool or implement for preparing a thing
    1. arms used in warfare, weapons
  2. an instrument
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2595 ‑ חֲנִית (khan‑eeth');  3627 ‑ כְּלִי (kel‑ee');  4043 ‑ מְגִנָּה (maw‑gane', meg‑in‑naw');  5402 ‑ נֵשֶׁק (neh'‑shek, nay'‑shek);  5630 ‑ סִרְיוֹן (sir‑yone');  6793 ‑ צִנָּה (tsin‑naw');  7973 ‑ שֶׁלַח (sheh'‑lakh);  7982 ‑ שֶׁלֶט (sheh'‑let);  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὅπλον, τό,

tool, implement, mostly in pl., like ἔντεα, τεύχεα: (prob. from ἕπω A):

I a ship's tackle, tackling, Hom. (only in Od.), 2.390, al., Hes. Op. 627; esp. ropes, halyards, etc., δησάμενοι δ' ἄρα ὅπλα Od. 2.430, etc.; in which sense Hom. twice uses the sg., rope, 14.346, 21.390: generally, any ropes, Hdt. 7.25, 9.115, Hp. Art. 78.

II tools, strictly so called, in Hom. esp. of smiths' tools, Il. 18.409, 412; in full, ὅπλα χαλκήϊα Od. 3.433: in sg., ὅπλον ἀρούρης sickle, AP 6.95 (Antiphil); ὅπλον γεροντικόν staff, Call. Epigr. 1.7; δείπνων ὅπλον ἑτοιμότατον, of the wine-flask, AP 6.248 (Mar Arg.).

III

1. in pl., also, implements of war, arms and armour, Hom. (only in Il.), αὐτὰρ ἐπεὶ πάνθ' ὅπλα κάμε, of the arms of Achilles, 18.614, cf. 19.21; ὅπλοισιν ἔνι δεινοῖσιν ἐδύτην 10.254, 272; so in Pi. N. 8.27, IG 12.1.9, E. Hec. 14, etc.: rarely in sg., weapon, οὐδέ τι ἀρήϊον ὅπλον ἐκτέαται Hdt. 4.23, cf. 174, E. HF 161, 570, 942, Pl. R. 474a, X. Cyr. 7.4.15; ποτὶ πονηρὸν οὐκ ἄχρηστον ὅπλον ἁ πονηρία [ Epich. ] 275; piece of armour, D.S. 3.49.

2. the large shield, from which the men-at-arms took their name of ὁπλῖται (εἰκόνα γραπτὴν ἐν ὅπλῳ IG 22.1012.18 (ii B. C.), cf. IGRom. 4.1302.35 (Cyme, i B. C. /i A. D.), Th. 7.75, D.S. 15.44, 17.18); ὅπλον στύππινον IG 11(2).203 B 99 (Delos, iii B. C.): metaph., τῆς πενίας ὅπλον ἡ παρρησία Nicostr.Com. 29; ὅ. μέγιστον.. ἁρετὴ βροτοῖς Men. Mon. 433, cf. 619.

3. in pl., also, heavy arms, Hdt. 9.53; ὅπλων ἐπιστάτης, = ὁπλίτης, opp. κώπης ἄναξ, A. Pers. 379; ὁ πόλεμος οὐχ ὅπλων τὸ πλέον ἀλλὰ δαπάνης Th. 1.83; ὅπλα παραδοῦναι Id. 4.69; ὅπλα ἀποβάλλειν Ar. V. 27, etc.

4. ὅπλα, = ὁπλῖται, men-at-arms, πολλῶν μεθ' ὅπλων S. Ant. 115 (lyr.): and freq. in Prose, ἐξέτασιν ὅπλων ποιεῖσθαι to have a muster of the men-at-arms, Th. 4.74, etc.; ὁ ἐπὶ τῶν ὅπλων στρατηγός, opp. ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς διοικήσεως, Decr. ap. D. 18.38, Decr.ib. 115; χειροτονηθεὶς ἐπὶ τὰ ὅ. πρῶτος.. στρατηγός IG 22.682.44 (iii B. C.); στρατηγεῖν ἐπὶ τὰ ὅ. SIG 697 E (Delph., ii B. C.), etc.

5. τὰ ὅ. the place of arms, camp, ἦλθεν εἰς τὰ ὅ. Lys. 13.12, cf. X. Cyr. 7.2.5, etc.; ἐκ τῶν ὅ. προϊέναι Th. 1.111, cf. 3.1.

6. Phrases: ἐνέδυνον (v.l. ἐνέδυντο) τὰ ὅ. Hdt. 7.218, etc.; ἐν ὅπλοισι εἶναι or γενέσθαι to be in arms, under arms, Id. 1.13, cf. E. Ba. 303, Th. 6.56; ἐν ὄπλοισι [ἰππομ]άχεντας Sapph. Supp. 5.19; ἐν ὅπλοις μάχεσθαι Pl. Grg. 456d; ἡ ἐν τοῖς ὅπλοις μάχη Id. Lg. 833e; ποιῆσαι ἐξέτασιν ἐν ὅπλοις Decr. ap. Arist. Ath. 31.2; εἰς τὰ ὅ. παραγγέλλειν X. An. 1.5.13; ἐφ' ὅπλοις or παρ' ὅπλοις ἧσθαι, E. Supp. 674, 357; μένειν ἐπὶ τοῖς ὅπλοις X. Cyr. 7.2.8; for ὅπλα ῥίπτειν, ἀφιέναι, κατατίθεσθαι, v. sub vocc.; for ὅπλα τίθεσθαι, v. τίθημι. of the arms possessed by animals for self-defence, [τὸν ἄνθρωπον] οὐκ ἔχοντα ὅπλον πρὸς τὴν ἀλκήν Arist. PA 687a25, cf. b4, al. membrum virile, Nic. Fr. 74.30, APl. 4.242 (Eryc.), Hsch. a gymnastic exercise, the last which came on in the games, Artem. 1.63.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὅπλον (allied to ἐπω, Latinsequor, socius, etc.; Curtius, § 621), ὅπλου, τό, as in classical Greek from Homer down, any tool or implement for preparing a thing (like the Latinarma); hence,

1. plural arms used in warfare, weapons: John 18:3; 2 Corinthians 10:4; metaphorically, τῆς δικαιοσύνης, which δικαιοσύνη furnishes, 2 Corinthians 6:7; τοῦ φωτός, adapted to the light, such as light demands, Romans 13:12 (here L marginal reading ἔργα).

2. an instrument: ὅπλα ἀδικίας, for committing unrighteousness, opposed to ὅπλα δικαιοσύνης, for practising righteousness, Romans 6:13.


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὅπλον , -ου , τό ,

[in LXX for H4043, H6793, etc.;]

1. a tool, implement, instrument: ὅπλα ἀδικίας (Opp. to . δικαιοσύνης ), Romans 6:13.

2. Freq., in pl., arms, weapons: John 18:3, 2 Corinthians 10:4; metaph., τ . φωτός , Romans 13:12; τ . δικαιοσύνης , 2 Corinthians 6:7.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For ὀψέ, ";late,"; cf. P Oxy XIV. 1679.12 (iii/A.D.) λείαν γὰρ ὀψαί (l. ὀψέ) σοι ταῦτα ἔγραψα, ";for I am writing this to you very late"; (Edd.). The word is construed with a partitive gen. in such phrases as P Par 35.15 (B.C. 163) ὀψὲ τῆς ὥρας : cf. Philostratus (ap. Kayser II. p. 171.4) ὀψὲ τῶν Τρωικῶν, ";at a late stage in the Trojan war."; This would support the RV rendering of Matthew 28:1 ὀψὲ [δὲ ] σαββάτων, ";late on the sabbath day";; but Blass now prefers ";after the sabbath day,"; in accordance with ὀψὲ τούτων, ";after these things,"; again from Philostratus (ap. Kayser I. p. 213.84), and other similar passages from late Greek : see Blass-Debrunner § 164. 4 and the discussion in Moulton Proleg. p. 72 f. In P Hamb I. 27.13 (B.C. 250) the writer states that he has received the yokes of oxen ";late yesterday, so as to be ready to work to-day";—ἐχθὲς ὀψέ, ὥστε εἰς τὴν σήμερον ἐργάζεσθαι. Ὀψέ is used practically as an indeclinable noun in P Lond 1177.66 (A.D. 113) (= 111. p. 183) ἀπὸ πρωΐας ἕως ὀψἐ. Among other items in an account, P Tebt I. 121 (B.C. 94 or 61), we find—ὀψὲ οἴνου κε (ράμια) β ̄᾽Γ ̄.

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
οπλα όπλα ὅπλα όπλοις όπλον όπλου οπλοφόρων όπλω οπλων όπλων ὅπλων hopla hópla hoplon hoplōn hóplon hóplōn opla oplon oplōn
 
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