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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3696 - ὅπλον

probably from a primary hepo (to be busy about)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. any tool or implement for preparing a thing
    1. arms used in warfare, weapons
  2. an instrument
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2595 ‑ חֲנִית (khan‑eeth');  3627 ‑ כְּלִי (kel‑ee');  4043 ‑ מְגִנָּה (maw‑gane', meg‑in‑naw');  5402 ‑ נֵשֶׁק (neh'‑shek, nay'‑shek);  5630 ‑ סִרְיוֹן (sir‑yone');  6793 ‑ צִנָּה (tsin‑naw');  7973 ‑ שֶׁלַח (sheh'‑lakh);  7982 ‑ שֶׁלֶט (sheh'‑let);  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὅπλον, τό,

tool, implement, mostly in pl., like ἔντεα, τεύχεα: (prob. from ἕπω A):

I a ship's tackle, tackling, Hom. (only in Od.), 2.390, al., Hes. Op. 627; esp. ropes, halyards, etc., δησάμενοι δ' ἄρα ὅπλα Od. 2.430, etc.; in which sense Hom. twice uses the sg., rope, 14.346, 21.390: generally, any ropes, Hdt. 7.25, 9.115, Hp. Art. 78.

II tools, strictly so called, in Hom. esp. of smiths' tools, Il. 18.409, 412; in full, ὅπλα χαλκήϊα Od. 3.433: in sg., ὅπλον ἀρούρης sickle, AP 6.95 (Antiphil); ὅπλον γεροντικόν staff, Call. Epigr. 1.7; δείπνων ὅπλον ἑτοιμότατον, of the wine-flask, AP 6.248 (Mar Arg.).


1. in pl., also, implements of war, arms and armour, Hom. (only in Il.), αὐτὰρ ἐπεὶ πάνθ' ὅπλα κάμε, of the arms of Achilles, 18.614, cf. 19.21; ὅπλοισιν ἔνι δεινοῖσιν ἐδύτην 10.254, 272; so in Pi. N. 8.27, IG 12.1.9, E. Hec. 14, etc.: rarely in sg., weapon, οὐδέ τι ἀρήϊον ὅπλον ἐκτέαται Hdt. 4.23, cf. 174, E. HF 161, 570, 942, Pl. R. 474a, X. Cyr. 7.4.15; ποτὶ πονηρὸν οὐκ ἄχρηστον ὅπλον ἁ πονηρία [ Epich. ] 275; piece of armour, D.S. 3.49.

2. the large shield, from which the men-at-arms took their name of ὁπλῖται (εἰκόνα γραπτὴν ἐν ὅπλῳ IG 22.1012.18 (ii B. C.), cf. IGRom. 4.1302.35 (Cyme, i B. C. /i A. D.), Th. 7.75, D.S. 15.44, 17.18); ὅπλον στύππινον IG 11(2).203 B 99 (Delos, iii B. C.): metaph., τῆς πενίας ὅπλον ἡ παρρησία Nicostr.Com. 29; ὅ. μέγιστον.. ἁρετὴ βροτοῖς Men. Mon. 433, cf. 619.

3. in pl., also, heavy arms, Hdt. 9.53; ὅπλων ἐπιστάτης, = ὁπλίτης, opp. κώπης ἄναξ, A. Pers. 379; ὁ πόλεμος οὐχ ὅπλων τὸ πλέον ἀλλὰ δαπάνης Th. 1.83; ὅπλα παραδοῦναι Id. 4.69; ὅπλα ἀποβάλλειν Ar. V. 27, etc.

4. ὅπλα, = ὁπλῖται, men-at-arms, πολλῶν μεθ' ὅπλων S. Ant. 115 (lyr.): and freq. in Prose, ἐξέτασιν ὅπλων ποιεῖσθαι to have a muster of the men-at-arms, Th. 4.74, etc.; ὁ ἐπὶ τῶν ὅπλων στρατηγός, opp. ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς διοικήσεως, Decr. ap. D. 18.38, Decr.ib. 115; χειροτονηθεὶς ἐπὶ τὰ ὅ. πρῶτος.. στρατηγός IG 22.682.44 (iii B. C.); στρατηγεῖν ἐπὶ τὰ ὅ. SIG 697 E (Delph., ii B. C.), etc.

5. τὰ ὅ. the place of arms, camp, ἦλθεν εἰς τὰ ὅ. Lys. 13.12, cf. X. Cyr. 7.2.5, etc.; ἐκ τῶν ὅ. προϊέναι Th. 1.111, cf. 3.1.

6. Phrases: ἐνέδυνον (v.l. ἐνέδυντο) τὰ ὅ. Hdt. 7.218, etc.; ἐν ὅπλοισι εἶναι or γενέσθαι to be in arms, under arms, Id. 1.13, cf. E. Ba. 303, Th. 6.56; ἐν ὄπλοισι [ἰππομ]άχεντας Sapph. Supp. 5.19; ἐν ὅπλοις μάχεσθαι Pl. Grg. 456d; ἡ ἐν τοῖς ὅπλοις μάχη Id. Lg. 833e; ποιῆσαι ἐξέτασιν ἐν ὅπλοις Decr. ap. Arist. Ath. 31.2; εἰς τὰ ὅ. παραγγέλλειν X. An. 1.5.13; ἐφ' ὅπλοις or παρ' ὅπλοις ἧσθαι, E. Supp. 674, 357; μένειν ἐπὶ τοῖς ὅπλοις X. Cyr. 7.2.8; for ὅπλα ῥίπτειν, ἀφιέναι, κατατίθεσθαι, v. sub vocc.; for ὅπλα τίθεσθαι, v. τίθημι. of the arms possessed by animals for self-defence, [τὸν ἄνθρωπον] οὐκ ἔχοντα ὅπλον πρὸς τὴν ἀλκήν Arist. PA 687a25, cf. b4, al. membrum virile, Nic. Fr. 74.30, APl. 4.242 (Eryc.), Hsch. a gymnastic exercise, the last which came on in the games, Artem. 1.63.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὅπλον (allied to ἐπω, Latinsequor, socius, etc.; Curtius, § 621), ὅπλου, τό, as in classical Greek from Homer down, any tool or implement for preparing a thing (like the Latinarma); hence,

1. plural arms used in warfare, weapons: John 18:3; 2 Corinthians 10:4; metaphorically, τῆς δικαιοσύνης, which δικαιοσύνη furnishes, 2 Corinthians 6:7; τοῦ φωτός, adapted to the light, such as light demands, Romans 13:12 (here L marginal reading ἔργα).

2. an instrument: ὅπλα ἀδικίας, for committing unrighteousness, opposed to ὅπλα δικαιοσύνης, for practising righteousness, Romans 6:13.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὅπλον , -ου , τό ,

[in LXX for H4043, H6793, etc.;]

1. a tool, implement, instrument: ὅπλα ἀδικίας (Opp. to . δικαιοσύνης ), Romans 6:13.

2. Freq., in pl., arms, weapons: John 18:3, 2 Corinthians 10:4; metaph., τ . φωτός , Romans 13:12; τ . δικαιοσύνης , 2 Corinthians 6:7.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For ὀψέ, ";late,"; cf. P Oxy XIV. 1679.12 (iii/A.D.) λείαν γὰρ ὀψαί (l. ὀψέ) σοι ταῦτα ἔγραψα, ";for I am writing this to you very late"; (Edd.). The word is construed with a partitive gen. in such phrases as P Par 35.15 (B.C. 163) ὀψὲ τῆς ὥρας : cf. Philostratus (ap. Kayser II. p. 171.4) ὀψὲ τῶν Τρωικῶν, ";at a late stage in the Trojan war."; This would support the RV rendering of Matthew 28:1 ὀψὲ [δὲ ] σαββάτων, ";late on the sabbath day";; but Blass now prefers ";after the sabbath day,"; in accordance with ὀψὲ τούτων, ";after these things,"; again from Philostratus (ap. Kayser I. p. 213.84), and other similar passages from late Greek : see Blass-Debrunner § 164. 4 and the discussion in Moulton Proleg. p. 72 f. In P Hamb I. 27.13 (B.C. 250) the writer states that he has received the yokes of oxen ";late yesterday, so as to be ready to work to-day";—ἐχθὲς ὀψέ, ὥστε εἰς τὴν σήμερον ἐργάζεσθαι. Ὀψέ is used practically as an indeclinable noun in P Lond 1177.66 (A.D. 113) (= 111. p. 183) ἀπὸ πρωΐας ἕως ὀψἐ. Among other items in an account, P Tebt I. 121 (B.C. 94 or 61), we find—ὀψὲ οἴνου κε (ράμια) β ̄᾽Γ ̄.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
οπλα όπλα ὅπλα όπλοις όπλον όπλου οπλοφόρων όπλω οπλων όπλων ὅπλων hopla hópla hoplon hoplōn hóplon hóplōn opla oplon oplōn
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