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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3699 - ὅπου
- where, whereas
Ion. ὅκου, Relat., indirect interrog., and indef. Adv. of Place, correlat. to ποῦ:
1. as a Relat., sts. c. gen. loci, τῆς πόλεως ὅπου κάλλιστον στρατοπεδεύσασθαι Pl. R. 415d, cf. Hdt. 2.172; ὅπου βούλοιτο τοῦ δρόμου X. HG 2.4.27; ἔσθ' ὅπου in some places, A. Eu. 517 (lyr.), Fr. 302: standing for the Relat. Adj., μέλη, ὅπου (i. e. ἐν οἷς) χελιδὼν ἦν τις ἐμπεποιημένη Ar. Av. 1301: with other Particles, ὅκου δή somewhere or other, Hdt. 3.129; ὅπου ἄν wherever, with subj., IG 12.76.11, etc.; in Trag. the ἄν may be omitted, as ὅπου δ' Ἀπόλλων σκαιὸς ᾖ, τίνες σοφοί; E. El. 972, etc. (never in Att. Prose): c. gen., ὅπου ἂν τύχῃ τῶν λεγομένων Pl. Prt. 342e; ὁπουοῦν anywheresoever, Id. Cra. 403c; ὅπουπερ c. opt., wherever, X. Cyr. 3.3.5; ὅπου ποτέ S. OC 12; ὁπουδάν, = ὅπου δὲ ἄν, anywhere, D.C. Fr. 109.21; ὁπουδήποτε, = ubicumque, Dosith.p.410 K.; ὁπουδηποτοῦν anywheresoever, J. Revelation 2:15.
2. in indirect questions, ὄφρα πύθηαι πατρός, ὅπου κύθε γαῖα Od. 3.16, cf. 16.306, S. OT 924, etc.: with Verbs of motion in pregnant sense, ὅκου ἐτράπετο, οὐκέτι εἶχον εἰπεῖν Hdt. 2.119; κεῖνος δ' ὅπου βέβηκεν, οὐδεὶς οἶδε S. Tr. 40, v.l. in X. Cyr. 3.1.37, etc.: in many passages editors have in this sense restd. ὅποι, mostly from codd.; in repeating a question, ἡ Λακεδαίμων ποῦ 'στιν; Answ. ὅπου 'στίν; (do you ask) where it is? Ar. Nu. 214: c. gen., εἰδότες ὅκου γῆς εἴη Hdt. 4.150, cf. Pl. R. 403e.
II the strict local sense occasionally passes into,
1 a sense involving Time or Occasion, ὅ. τιν' ἴδῃ Thgn. 922, cf. 999, X. HG 3.3.6; σιγᾶν θ' ὅ. δεῖ καὶ λέγειν τὰ καίρια A. Ch. 582, cf. Eu. 277; οὐκ ἔσθ' ὅ. there is no case in which, i.e. in no case. S. OT 448, Aj. 1069, E. HF 186, D. 3.35; so ἔστιν ὅ.; as a question, Id. 18.22.
2. of Cause, whereas, Hdt. 1.68, 4.195, Antipho 1.7; ὅ. γὰρ ἐγὼ.. ὁμολογῶ D. 21.205; ὅκου γε, Lat. quandoquidem or quippe, Hdt. 7.118; ὅπου γε X. Cyr. 2.3.11, etc. later as a demonstr. Adv., only in the phrase ὅ. μέν.., ὅ. δέ.. here.., there.., Plu. 2.427c, S.E. P. 1.53, etc.
of place, correlat. of ποῦ (q.v.), where.
I. Prop., of place,
(a) in relative sentences, c. indic: Matthew 25:24; Matthew 25:26, Mark 2:4; Mark 4:5; Mark 4:15; Mark 5:40; Mark 13:14, John 3:8; John 6:62; John 7:34; John 7:36; John 11:32; John 14:3; John 17:24; John 20:19, Romans 15:20, Revelation 2:13; after nouns of place, for relat. prepositional phrase (ἐν ᾧ ,, etc.), Matthew 6:19-20; Matthew 13:5; Matthew 26:57; Matthew 28:6, Mark 6:55; Mark 9:48 Luke 12:33, John 1:28; John 4:20; John 4:46; John 6:23; John 7:42; John 10:40; John 11:30; John 12:1; John 18:1; John 18:20; John 19:18; John 19:20; John 19:41; John 20:12, Acts 17:1, Revelation 2:13; Revelation 11:8; Revelation 20:10; seq. ἐκεῖ ., Matthew 6:21, Luke 12:34; Luke 17:37 John 12:26; id. pleonast. (= Heb. שָׁם . . . אֲשֶׁר ; Aram. תַּמָּן . . דּ ; of. Genesis 13:3), ὅ . . . . ἐκεῖ , Revelation 12:6; Revelation 12:14; ὅ . . . . ἐπ᾿ αὐτῶν , Revelation 17:9; ὅ . ἄν , wherever (M, Pr., 168), c. impf. indic., Mark 6:56; c. Pres. subjc., Matthew 24:28; ὅ . ἐάν , Matthew 26:13, Mark 6:10; Mark 9:18; Mark 14:9; Mark 14:14 a;
(b) in quaest. indir., c. aor. subjc.: Mark 14:14 b, Luke 22:11.
2. In late writers (sometimes also in cl.; Bl., § 25, 2), with verbs of motion, = ὅποι , whither: c. indic., John 8:21-22; John 13:33; John 13:36; John 14:4; John 21:18, Hebrews 6:20, James 3:4; ὅ . ἄν , whithersoever, c. pres. ind., Revelation 14:4; subjc., Luke 9:57; ὅ . ἐάν , Matthew 8:19.
II. Without strict local sense,
1. of time or condition: Colossians 3:11, Hebrews 9:16; Hebrews 10:18, James 3:16, 2 Peter 2:11.
2. Of cause or reason (AV, whereas): 1 Corinthians 3:3.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In certain proceedings before the Prefect regarding the custody of a child, which strikingly recall 3 Kingd 3.16 ff., judgment was given that as the child in question ἐκ τῆς ὄψεως, ";from its features,"; appeared to be that of Saraeus, it should be restored to her, P Oxy I. 37 ii. 3 (A.D. 49) (= Selections, p. 51), with which may be compared the use of κατ᾽ ὄψιν in John 7:24. The latter phrase, = ";in person,"; is common, e.g. P Oxy VIII. 1154.4 (late i/A.D.) πρὸ πάντων ὡς ἐνετειλάμην σοι κατ᾽ ὄψιν ἐπιμελοῦ σεαυτῆς ";above all else, as I enjoined you when with you, take care of yourself"; (Ed.), P Oxy I. 117.3 (ii/iii A.D.) κατ᾽ ὄψιν σε παρακέκληκα, ib. XIV. 1665.4 (iii/A.D.) παρο ̣ν ̣[τ ]ι ̣ σ ̣ο ̣ι (l. παρόντα σε) κατ᾽ ὄψιν ᾐτησάμην, and PSI III. 210.10 (iv/v A.D.) ὅπως. . αὐτὸν κατ᾽ ὄψιν ἀπολάβωμεν. For a similar use of εἰς ὄψιν cf. Preisigke 4317.13 (c. A.D. 200) πολεμεῖ με διότι εἶπόν σοι εἰς ὄψιν. See also the fourth of the so-called Sayings of Jesus, P Oxy IV. 654.27 ff. λέγει Ἰη (σοῦ)ς · [πᾶν τὸ μὴ ἔμπροσ ]θεν τῆς ὄψεως σου καὶ [τὸ κεκρυμμένον ] ἀπό σου ἀποκαλυφ <θ >ήσεται, ";Jesus saith, Everything that is not before thy face and that which is hidden from thee shall be revealed to thee."; P Fay 133.11 (iv/A.D.) shows the phrase καθ᾽ αὐτὴν οὖν τὴν ὄψιν, ";as soon therefore as you see this"; (Edd.), and for the meaning ";face,"; ";countenance,"; as in John 11:44, Revelation 1:16, cf. P Giss I. 22.5 (time of Trajan) τὴν [γλυκυ ]τάτην σου ὄψιν προσκυ [νῆσαι, and the literary P Oxy XI. 1380.127 (early ii/A.D.) τὴν ἐν Λ [ή ]θῃ ἱλαρὰν ὄψιν, with reference to Isis. The plur. is similarly used in P Amh II. 141.12 (A.D. 350) ὡς καὶ ἐπὶ τῶν ὄψεών μοι τὰ οἰδήματα φαίνεται, ";so that the swellings are apparent even on my face"; (Edd.)—the result of an accident. Αἱ ὄψεις, ";the eyes,"; is found in P Oxy VI. 911.6 (A.D. 233 or 265) ἀσθενῖ τὰς ὄψεις, ";he has weak sight"; : cf. Ev. Petr. 3 ἐνέπτυον αὐτοῦ ταῖς ὄψεσι (with Swete’s note), Musonius p. 106.8, and Vogeser Heiligenlegenden, p. 43. In the remarkable Calendar inscr. Priene 105.8 (c. B.C. 9) (= OGIS 458) the birthday of Augustus is described as having given another ";aspect"; to the world—ἑτέραν τε ἔδω [κεν παντὶ τῷ κόσ ]μῳ ὄψιν : cf. what is said of Gaius Caesar Germanicus Augustus in a decree of Assos of the year A.D. 37, Syll 364 (=3 797).8 πᾶν ἔθνος ἐπὶ τὴν τοῦ θεοῦ ὄψιν (";presence";) ἔσ [π ]ευκεν. The editor understands ὄψις as = ";dignity"; or ";position"; in P Lond 77.59 (end of vi/A.D., see Chrest. II. 319) (= I. p. 234) κατὰ τὴν ἐμὴν ὄψιν καὶ ὑπόλημψιν. The compound κάκοψις (not in LS) occurs in P Lips I. 1.9 (B.C. 104) and P Grenf II. 28.4 (B.C. 103), and for a new adj. ἐνόπιος see P Par 63.36 (B.C. 164) (= P Petr III. p. 20) τηλικούτων διαστολῶν γεγονυιῶ [ν ὑμῖ ]ν καὶ ἐνοπίοις καὶ διὰ γραμμάτων, ";extensive explanations having been given to you both face to face and in writing."; A Hebraism ἡ ὄψις τῆς γῆς, ";the eye of the earth,"; is found in Exodus 10:5; Exodus 10:15, Numbers 22:5; Numbers 22:11. MGr ὄψι, ";countenance.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Third Week after Epiphany