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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3731 - ὅρμημα
ὅρμ-ημα, ατος, τό,
1. sudden rush, swoop, onset, ἀετοῦ LXX De. 28.49; of attacking troops, ib. 1 Maccabees 4:8, al.; of the fall of a stone, Revelation 18:21 : pl., rapid movement, ὁρμήμασι νηός, = νηῒ ὁρμωμένη, Orac. ap. Ael. NA 13.21.
2. = ὁρμή, impulse, incitement, motive, μηδ'.. ἡμῶν τι συνεργὸν μηδ' ὅ. Epicur. Nat. 98 G., cf. Plu. 2.452c; τὸ ὅ. μου my indignation, LXX Hosea 5:10; θαλάσσης -ήματα, of the tides, Procl. Par.Ptol. 4.
II the earliest ex. is Ἑλένης ὁρμήματά τε στοναχάς τε Il. 2.356, 590, where Ἑλένης is taken by Aristarch. ap. Sch.A as the objective gen., the cares (as if from ὁρμαίνω) and groans [of the Greeks] about Helen, i. e. caused by her; by the χωρίζοντες (ibid.) as the subjective gen., the searchings of heart and groans of Helen; the former view is more prob., but ὁ. may be from ὁρμάομαι and mean the rushes, struggles of war.
ὅρμημα , -τος , τό
[in LXX: Hosea 5:10, Amos 1:11 (H5678), etc.;]
a rush: Revelation 18:21.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The word is common in inscrr. relating to res sacrae, but seems to have remained in ordinary use. Thus BGU IV. 1074.9 (official—A.D. 275) ]εἶναι οἱ καθ᾽ ἑ [κάστην πα ]νήγυριν ἀγωνοθέται πειθαρχήσουσιν, and P Oxy I. 41.1 (iii/iv A.D.). . .]αρίας πανηγύρεως οὔσης opens (fragmentarily) a very incoherent report of a public meeting. The ";festal"; idea is prominent in such passages as P Fay 93.11 (A.D. 161) χωρὶς ἀγορῶν σὺν πανηγύρεσιν, ";with the exception of markets and festivals";; P Oxy I. 42.3 (proclamation regarding an assault at arms—A.D. 323) τὸ ἔθος ὁμοῦ τε καὶ ἡ πανήγυρις προάγουσα [σ ]ημαίνει [ὅτ ]ι προθυμότατα τοὺς ἐφήβους [τ ]ὰ γυμνι [κὰ ] ἐπιδείκνυσθαι προσήκει, ";tradition, no less than the distinguished character of the festival, requires that the ephebi should do their utmost in the gymnastic display";; and ib. IX. 1214.3 (v/A.D.) φεδρύνων (l. φαιδρύνων) τὴν π [α ]νήγυριν τῆς γενεθλίου τοῦ υἱοῦ μου Γενναδίου καταξίωσον, ";deign to gladden the birthday festival of my son Gennadius."; ";Festal assembly"; would apparently render the word best in Hebrews 12:23, where Moffatt (ICC ad l.) aptly cites Philo in Flacc. 118 ἱλαρᾶς εὐθυμίας, ἣν πανήγυρις ἐπιζητεῖ : cf. also Trench Syn. p. 6 f. For the verb cf. PSI IV. 374.15 (B.C. 250–49) πανηγυριεῖν τοὺς ναύτας, and P Oxy IV. 705.35 (A.D. 200–2) καὶ ἔτι καὶ νῦν τὴν τῶν ἐπινεικίων ἡμέραν ἑκάστου ἔτους πανηγυρίζοντας. MGr πανηγύρι (παναγύρι), πανηγυρίζω.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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