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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3747 - ὀστέον

os-teh'-on, os-toon'
Root Word (Etymology)
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. a bone
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1634 ‑ גֶּרֶם (gheh'‑rem);  6106 ‑ עֶצֶם (eh'‑tsem);  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὀστέον, τό,

Att. contr. ὀστοῦν, poet. ὀστεῦν AP 7.480 (Leon.); Aeol. perh. ὄστιον Alc. Oxy. 2081(d)Fr. 5: pl. ὀστέα, Att. contr. ὀστᾶ, late ὀστά [ ] Opp. C. 1.268, Epigr.in D.L. 1.63, Epigr.Gr. 517.7 (Edessa); Dor. ὀστία Theoc. 2.61; but Trag. and Com. use gen. pl. ὀστέων, A. Fr. 367 (codd. Poll.), S. Tr. 769, Ar. Ach. 1226, and it is so written in E. Tr. 1177 where metre requires ὀστῶν: and the un contr. forms generally occur in later Prose, as in Arist. (v. infr.); nom. ὀστέον PLit.Lond. 167.17 (ii/iii A. D.); dat. pl. ὀστέοις Diog.Oen. 39; gen. pl. ὀστεόφιν (v. infr.):

I bone, freq. in Hom. (Il. 4.460, al.) and Hp. (VC 1, al.); Hes. only in pl., Th. 540, al.; λεύκ' ὀστέα the bleached bones of the dead, Od. 1.161, etc.; σάρκας τε καὶ ὀστέα 9.293; πολὺς δ' ἀμφ' ὀστεόφιν θίς a huge heap of bones around, 12.45; ῥινὸν ἀπ' ὀστεόφιν ἐρύσαι 14.134; γυμνοῦσι τὰ ὀστέα τῶν κρεῶν Hdt. 4.61; ὀστέων στέγαστρον, of the skin, A. Fr. 367; ἀρχὴ τῶν ὀστῶν ἡ καλουμένη ῥάχις Arist. PA 54b11; esp. of the cranium, Hp. VC 2, al., cf. Il. 12.185.

II metaph., γῆς ὀστέοισιν ἐγχριμφθεὶς πόδα, i.e. rocks, Choeril.Trag. 2 (ὀστοῖσιν Nauck).

III stone of fruit, ὀστῶν περσεΐνων PCair.Zen. 176.168 (iii B. C.), cf. Dsc. Eup. 1.66, Gp. 10.13.3, al., Sch. Nic. Al. 99. [Accent ὀστέον Hdn.Gr. 2.943, but ὄστεον Anon. ap. Sch. Il. 24.793.] (Cf. Skt. ´sthi, gen. asthn´s 'bone', etc.)

ὀστοῦν, τό, Att. contr. for ὀστέον (q.v.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὀστέον, contracted ὀστοῦν, genitive ὀστέου, τό (akin to Latinos,ossis; Curtius, § 213, cf., p. 41), a bone: John 19:36; plural ὀστέα, Luke 24:39; genitive ὀστέων (on these uncontracted forms cf. (WHs Appendix, p. 157); Winers Grammar, § 8, 2 d.; (Buttmann, p. 13 (12))), Matthew 23:27; Ephesians 5:30 (R G Tr marginal reading brackets); Hebrews 11:22. (From Homer down; the Sept. very often for עֶצֶם.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(Att.. contr. ὀστοῦν , -οῦ , and so Jo, l.c.), -ου , τό ,

[in LXX chiefly for H6106;]

a bone: contr., ὀστοῦν (v. supr.), John 19:36 (LXX); uncontr. (as in Hom., Hdt.), ὀστέα , Luke 24:39; ὀστέων , Matthew 23:27, Hebrews 11:22.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Flor III. 313.15 (A.D. 449) ἀπὸ καταγνώσεως καὶ παραβάσε [ως. P Lond 1015.11 ( vi/A.D.) (= III. p. 257) προστίμου καὶ παραβάσεως.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
οστα οστά όστα οστεα οστεά οστέα ὀστέα οστέοις οστέου οστεων οστεών οστέων ὀστέων Οστουν οστούν Ὀστοῦν οστων οστών ostea ostéa osteon osteōn ostéon ostéōn Ostoun Ostoûn
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