Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3762 - οὐδείς
- no one, nothing
fem. οὐδεμίᾰ (never nom. acc. -μίη, -μίην, since οὐδεμιῇ is prob. in Call. Aet.Oxy. 2080.56, rarely οὐδ' ἴα Sapph. 69, Mosch. 4.40), neut. οὐδέν (declined and accentuated like εἷς, μία, ἕν),
1. not one, i.e. no one, none, used by Hom., Hes., and Pi. (who prefer οὔτις) only in neut. nom. and acc. οὐδέν, exc. in the phrase τὸ ὃν μένος οὐδενὶ εἴκων Il. 22.459, al.; οὐδείς is found in B. Fr. 28; but all genders and cases are common in all other writers, Hdt. 1.32, 33, etc.: rare in pl., no set of persons or things, And. 1.23 (dub. cj.), X. Lac. 3.1; πρὸς οὐδένας τῶν Ἑλλήνων D. 18.23 (v.l.), cf. 19.31,66,312, 24.214, 27.7; οὐδένων εἰσὶ βελτίους, i.e. οὔ τινων ἄλλων, Id. 2.17 (cf. οὐδενὸς βελτίους Pl. Prt. 324d): dat. pl. οὐδέσιν Paus. 3.24.3; for another sense of the pl., v. infr. 11.3. — In Ion. the pl. is usu. οὐδαμοί.
2. οὐ. ὅστις οὐ every one, Hdt. 3.72, etc.; οὐδὲν ὅ τι οὐ every, Id. 5.97; this came to be regarded as one word, so that οὐδείς passed into the same case as ὅστις, οὐδένα ὅντινα οὐ κατέκλασε Pl. Phd. 117d; οὐδενὸς ὅτου οὐ πάντων ἂν.. πατὴρ εἴην Id. Prt. 317c, cf. 323b; οὐδενὶ ὅτῳ οὐκ ἀποκρινόμενος Id. Men. 70c; so οὐ. ὃς οὐχὶ.. ὀνειδιεῖ S. OT 373; οὐδὲν γὰρ.. οὔτ' αἰσχρὸν οὔτ' ἄτιμόν ἐσθ', ὁποῖον οὐ.. οὐκ ὄπωπ' ἐγώ Id. Ant. 4.
3. later οὐδὲν ὅ τι without οὐ, = nothing, οὐδὲν ὅ τι παρήσω Agath. Praef. p.137 D., al.
4. ὅστις οὐδείς not one, ἐτεθνήκεσαν δὲ αὐτῶν μὲν ἀμφὶ τοὺς τετρακοσίους, Ρωμαίων δὲ ὅστις οὐδείς Id. 5.20.
1. naught, good for naught, ὦ νῦν μὲν οὐ. αὔριον δ' ὑπέρμεγας Ar. Eq. 158, cf. E. Fr. 187.5; τὸ μὲν [γένος ἀνδρῶν] οὐδέν Pi. N. 6.3: freq. in neut., οὐδὲν εἰδώς knowing naught, Thgn. 141, E. Fr. 391; οὐκ ἄρ' ᾔστην οὐδὲν ἄλλο πλὴν δάκνειν knew nothing save how to.., Ar. Av. 19; οὐδὲν λέγειν to say naught, v. λέγω (B) III. 6; τὸ οὐδ' οὐδέν the absolute nothing, Pl. Tht. 180a.
2. in neut., of persons, οὐδέν εἰμι S. Ph. 951, etc.; οὐδὲν εἶ Ar. Ec. 144; πρὸς τὸν οὐδέν E. Ph. 598; τὸ μηδὲν εἰς οὐδὲν ῥέπει Id. Fr. 532.2; ᾧ ἀνεμέσητον.. οὐδενὶ εἶναι Pl. Tht. 175e.
3. in pl., οὐδένες ἐόντες ἐν οὐδαμοῖσι ἐοῦσι Ἕλλησι being nobodies, Hdt. 9.58; ὄντες οὐδένες E. Andr. 700, cf. IA 371; ὁ μηδὲν ὢν κἀξ οὐδένων κεκλήσομαι dub. cj. in Id. Ion 594; οὐ γὰρ ἠξίου τοὺς μηδένας S. Aj. 1114.
4. with Preps., παρ' οὐδὲν εἶναι Id. OT 983, etc.; παρ' οὐδὲν ἄγειν, θέσθαι, Id. Ant. 35, E. IT 732; δι' οὐδενὸς ποιεῖσθαι S. OC 584; ἐν οὐδενὸς εἶναι μέρει D. 2.18.
5. τὸ οὐδέν naught, zero, in Arith., Nicom. Ar. 2.6; used by Democritus as a name for Place, Arist. Fr. 208.
1. neut. οὐδέν as Adv., not at all, naught, ἄριστον Ἀχαιῶν οὐ. ἔτισεν Il. 1.412, cf. 24.370, Hdt. 5.34, Th. 8.22, etc.; so οὐδέν τι X. Mem. 1.2.42, etc.; οὐ. τι πάντως Hdt. 5.65: in answers, nothing, never mind, no matter, E. Med. 64, IT 781, Ar. Nu. 694; οὐδέν γε not at all, Id. Av. 1360, etc.; οὐδὲν μᾶλλον, οὐδὲν ἧσσον, οὐδὲν ὕστερος, v. μάλα 11.5, ἥσσων 111, ὕστερος A. I.
2. οὐδὲν ἄλλο ἤ, v. ἄλλος III. 2.
REMARKS: the more emphatic and literal sense, not even one, i.e. none whatever, belongs to the full form, οὐδὲ εἷς, οὐδὲ μία, οὐδὲ ἕν, which is never elided, even in Com. (v. Ar. Ra. 927, Lys. 1045 (lyr.), Pl. 138, 1115), but freq. has a Particle inserted between, cf. οὐδέ B. — Zen. (in EM 639.17) and others wrongly assume οὐδείς as a compd. not of οὐδέ and εἷς, but of οὐ and δείς (q. v.). (Later οὐθείς, q. v.)
-δεμία , -δέν
(also in WH, txt., the Hellenistic forms -θείς , -θέν , Luke 22:35; Luke 23:14, Acts 15:9; Acts 19:27; Acts 26:26, 1 Corinthians 13:2, 2 Corinthians 11:8; cf. Bl., § 6, 7; M, Pr., 56n; Thackeray, Gr., 58), related to μηδείς as οὐ to μή , no, no one, none: with nouns, Luke 4:24, John 10:41, Romans 8:1, al.; absol., Matthew 6:24, Mark 3:27, Luke 1:61, John 1:18, Acts 18:10, Romans 14:7, al. mult.; c. gen. partit., Luke 4:26, John 13:28, al.; neut., οὐδέν , Matthew 10:26, al.; id. c. gen. partit., Luke 9:36, Acts 18:17, al.; οὐδὲν εἰ μή , Matthew 5:13, Mark 9:29, al.; c. neg., strengthening the negation, Mark 15:4-5, Luke 4:2, John 3:27, al.; adverbially, Acts 25:10, Galatians 4:12, al.
οὐθείς , see οὐδείς .
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
παράδοσις in itself signifies an act of ";transmission"; or ";delivery"; as in P Grenf II. 46 (a).8 (A.D. 139) παρέτυχον τῇ γενομένηι παραδόσει, in connexion with the official inspection of a freight, BGU IV. 1047iv. 11 (time of Hadrian) τὴν γεγονυ [ῖα ]ν αὐτοῖς παράδοσιν, P Oxy X. 1262.7 (A.D. 197) ἐπὶ παραλήμψεω (ς) καὶ παραδόσεως σπερμᾶτ (ων), ";for the receiving and delivery of seed"; (cf. Philippians 4:15), and P Fay 129.5 (iii/A.D.) ἐτάξατο πάντως καταβῆναι τῇ ἑνδεκάτῃ καὶ τὴν παράδοσιν ποιήσασθαι, ";he appointed for certain the eleventh for his coming down and making the delivery"; (Edd.) : cf. also Bell in Archiv vi. p. 104 on the παράδοσις of records by the outgoing to the incoming βιβλιοφύλακες, and the similar use of the word to denote treasure lists and inventories handed over by one set of officers to their successors, cf. Roberts-Gardner, p. 256.
For the NT use of the word, see Burton ICC ad Galatians 1:14, and Mayor Jude pp. 23, 61 ff., and on the possibility that we have in the παραδόσεις of 2 Thessalonians 2:15 (cf. Romans 6:17; Romans 16:17) reference to an early catechism or creed based on the sayings of Christ, see Seeberg Katechismus, pp. 1 ff., 41 f.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany