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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3767 - οὖν
- then, therefore, accordingly, consequently, these things being so
οὖν, Ion. and Dor. ὦν (the latter in Pi. P. 3.82, al., but οὖν in Hom. (v. infr.), B. 18.29,37, Cerc. 4.18, al.), Adv. certainly, in fact, confirming something, freq. in contrast with something which is not confirmed, in Hom. only in combination with γε (v. γοῦν), γάρ, οὔτε or μήτε, ὡς, ἐπεί, μέν, etc.:
1. really, φημὶ γὰρ οὖν κατανεῦσαι.. Κρονίωνα for I declare that Zeus did really promise.., Il. 2.350, cf. Pl. Prt. 309b; τόφρα γὰρ οὖν ἑπόμεσθα.., ὄφρ' for we followed them up to the very point, where.., Il. 11.754, cf. 15.232, Od. 2.123; εἰ δ' οὖν τις ἀκτὶς ἡλίου νιν ἱστορεῖ.. ζῶντα A. Ag. 676, cf. 1042; ἐλέχθησαν λόγοι ἄπιστοι μὲν ἐνίοισι Ἑλλήνων, ἐλέχθησαν δ' ὦν but they really were spoken, Hdt. 3.80, cf. 4.5, 6.82; Θηβαῖοι μὲν ταῦτα λέγουσι.., Πλαταιῆς δ' οὐχ ὁμολογοῦσι.., ἐκ δ' οὖν τῆς γῆς ἀνεχώρησαν at all events they did return, Th. 2.5, cf. 1.63, Pl. Prt. 315e; σωτηρίαν λεπτὴν μὲν.., μόνην δ' οὖν Id. Lg. 699b; so δ' οὖν after a parenthesis; εἰ δή τις ὑμῶν οὕτως ἔχει, — οὐκ ἀξιῶ μὲν γὰρ ἔγωγε, — εἰ δ' οὖν but if he is so, Id. Ap. 34d, cf. Hdt. 6.76, Th. 1.3; so ἀλλ' οὖν.. γε but at all events, S. Ant. 84, Ph. 1305; ἔμπης οὖν ἐπιμεῖναι ἐς αὔριον to stay nevertheless at least till to-morrow, Od. 11.351; οὖν concessive, I grant you, τάχ' οὖν τις ἄκων ἔσχε S. Ph. 305: in apodosi after εἰ or ἐάν, εἰ καὶ σμικρά, ἀλλ' ὦν ἴση γε ἡ χάρις.. Hdt. 3.140, cf. 9.48, E. Ph. 498, Pl. Phd. 91b, etc.: after ἐπεί and ὡς, ἀλλ' ἐπεὶ οὖν τὸ πρῶτον ἀνέκραγον but now that I have (emphat.) once spoken up, Od. 14.467, cf. 17.226, Il. 18.333; Τληπόλεμος δ', ἐπεὶ οὖν τράφ' ἐνὶ μεγάρῳ εὐπήκτῳ, αὐτίκα.. κατέκτα when once, i.e. as soon as, he had grown up, 2.661, cf. 15.363, 16.394, al.; νεβροί, αἵ τ' ἐπεὶ οὖν ἔκαμον.. ἑστᾶσ' which, as soon as they are tired, stand still, 4.244; to indicate that something foreshadowed has actually occurred, ἀγορήνδε καλέσσατο λαὸν Ἀχιλλεύς.., οἱ δ' ἐπεὶ οὖν ἤγερθεν 1.57, cf. 3.340, al.: sts. οὖν after ἐπεί or ὡς has either no force or approaches signf. 11 or 111, οἱ δ' ἐπεὶ οὖν παύσαντο πόνου Od. 16.478, cf. 19.213, 251, al.; τὸν δ' ὡς οὖν ἐνόησε Il. 3.21, al.; οὔτ' οὖν.., οὔτε.. or οὔτε.., οὔτ' οὖν.. both = neither.. nor, but preferred according as the first or second clause is to be marked by emphasis, cf. 17.20, Od. 2.200, Hdt. 9.26, with Od. 11.198s q., S. OT 90, 271, etc.; so εἰ.., εἴτ' οὖν.. if.., or if.., E. Alc. 140; εἴτ' οὖν, εἴτε μὴ γενήσεται whether it shall be so, or no, Id. Heracl. 149, cf. A. Ag. 491, S. El. 560; ξεῖνος αἴτ' ὦν ἀστός, i.e. αἴτε ξ. αἴτ' ὦν ἀ., Pi. P. 4.78; and doubled, εἴτ' οὖν ἀληθὲς εἴτ' οὖν ψεῦδος Pl. Ap. 34e, cf. A. Ch. 683: so also in parenth. Relat. clauses, ἢ σῖγ', ἀτίμως, ὥσπερ οὖν ἀπώλετο πατήρ even as, just as, ib. 96, cf. 888, E. Hipp. 1307 (v.l.); εἰ δ' ἔστιν, ὥσπερ οὖν ἔστι, θεός if he is, as he in fact is, a god, Pl. Phdr. 242e; οὗτος μὲν οἴεταί τι εἰδέναι οὐκ εἰδώς, ἐγὼ δέ, ὥσπερ οὖν οὐκ οἶδα, οὐδὲ οἴομαι Id. Revelation 21:1-27 d: for γὰρ οὖν, v. γάρ A. 11.5; for μὲν οὖν, v. μέν B. 11.2.
2. added to indef. Prons. and Advbs., like Lat. cunque, ὅστις whoever, ὁστισοῦν whosoever; ὅπως how, ὁπωσοῦν howsoever; ἄλλος ὁστισοῦν another, be he who he may; so ὁποιοσοῦν, ὁποιοστισοῦν, ὁποσοσοῦν, ὁπωσδηποτοῦν, ὁπητιοῦν, ὁποθενοῦν, etc., v. sub vocc.
1. to continue a narrative, so, then, καὶ τὰ μὲν οὖν.. θῆκαν Od. 13.122; ὅτ' οὖν since, then,.., S. Ant. 170, El. 38, 1318; ζεῖ οὖν ἐν τούτῳ.. Pl. Phdr. 251c, cf. Prt. 322b; εὐθὺς οὖν ὁ Κῦρος εἶπεν X. Cyr. 4.1.22: in Hdt. and Att., μὲν οὖν (q.v.) is very common in this sense; so δ' οὖν A. Ag. 34, S. Aj. 114; οὖν is also used alone merely to resume after a parenth. or long protasis, well, as I was saying, ὦ Λακεδαιμόνιοι, χρήσαντος τοῦ θεοῦ.., ὑμεας γὰρ πυνθάνομαι προεστάναι.., — ὑμέας ὦν.. προσκαλέομαι.. Hdt. 1.69, cf. 4.75, Th. 2.16, Pl. Ap. 29d, Smp. 201d, etc.: Hdt. so uses ὦν after a short protasis, 1.144, etc.
2. ὦν is freq. inserted by Hdt. (sts. without any discernible meaning) between the Pr and its Verb (but only, it seems, in narrative with the aor., which is always the aor. of habitual action exc. in 2.172), ἐπεὰν δὲ ταῦτα ποιήσωσι, ἀπ' ὦν ἔδωκαν ib. 87; καὶ ἔπειτα ἀπ' ὦν ἔδωκαν ib. 88: after a part., οἱ δὲ φέροντες ἐς τὴν ἀγορήν, ἀπ' ὦν ἔδοντο ib. 39; κατευξάμενοι, κοιλίην μὲν κείνην πᾶσαν ἐξ ὦν εἶλον ib. 40; ἤν τις ψαύσῃ.., αὐτοῖσι τοῖσι ἱματίοισι ἀπ' ὦν ἔβαψε ἑωυτόν ib. 47; τοῦτον κατ' ὦν κόψας ib. 172; so in Hp., δι' οὖν ἐφθάρησαν Morb. 1.14 (v.l.), al.; also ἐπ' ὦν ἐπίομες οἶνον Epich. 124.3: this tmesis is rare in Att., ὥστε γε καὐτόν σε κατ' οὖν ἔβαλεν Ar. Ra. 1047; but occurs in later writers, Dorieus ap. Phylarch. 3 J., AP 12.226 (Strat.).
III in inferences, then, therefore, not in Hom., rare in A., and usu. in questions (v. infr.); in a statement, Eu. 219; very common from Hdt. downwds.; so καὶ σὺ οὖν you too therefore, X. Cyr. 4.1.20; καὶ γὰρ οὖν Id. An. 1.9.8; cf. οὐ γὰρ οὖν, τοιγαροῦν: strengthd., δὴ οὖν Pl. Smp. 191c, etc.; οὖν δή Id. R. 340e: in questions, τίς οὖν ὁ λύσων σ' ἐστίν; A. Pr. 771, cf. S. Tr. 1191, Ar. Pl. 906, 909, etc.; ἆρ' οὖν δή; Pl. Tht. 146a; τί οὖν δή; S. Aj. 873 (lyr.), Pl. Phd. 57a.
particle expressing consequence or simple sequence (never standing first in a sentence),
wherefore, therefore, then: Matthew 3:10, Luke 3:9, John 8:38, Acts 1:21, Romans 5:9, al.; in exhortations, Matthew 3:8, Luke 11:35, Acts 3:19, Romans 6:12, al.; in questions, Matthew 13:28, Mark 15:12, John 8:5, Romans 6:1, al.; continuing a narrative or resuming it after a digression, Matthew 1:17, Luke 3:18, John 1:22; John 2:18 (and very freq. in this Gospel), Acts 26:22, al.; ἄρα οὖν (see ἄρα ); ἐπεὶ οὖν , Hebrews 2:14; οὖν c. ptcp. (= ἐπεὶ οὖν ), Acts 2:39, Romans 5:1, al.; ἐὰν οὖν (where οὖν rather in sense belongs to the apodosis), Matthew 5:23, Luke 4:7, John 6:62, Romans 2:26, al.; ὡς οὖν , John 4:1, al.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
With the inf. construction of this verb, ";exhort,"; ";advise,"; as in Acts 27:22, cf. BGU III. 747i. 10 (A.D. 139) στρατιώταις. . . παραινῶν πείθε [σθ ]αι τοῖς κελευομένοις, and see Proleg. p. 205. Cf. further BGU II. 372ii. 4 (A.D. 154) ἵνα δὲ μὴ μόνον το [ύτ ]οις ̣ ἀλλὰ [κ ]αὶ ἑτέ [ρ ]οις ταῦτά μ ̣ε ̣ π ̣α ̣ραινεῖν καὶ πράσσειν μ ̣α ̣θ ̣ωσι, the late P Iand 16.4 (v/vi A.D.) ὑμέτερον οὖν τῶν σ [υ ]μ ̣β ̣[ιωτῶν ̣] ἐ ̣σ ̣τιν τὸ παραινέσαι τῷ σοφωτάτῳ ὑμῶν ἀδελφῷ [τ ]ο ̣̣ δίκαιό [ν ̣] μ ̣ο ̣υ ̣ φ [υ ̣λ ̣]άξαι ἐν τῇ κρίσει, and Kaibel 261.17 (ii/A.D.) τοῦτ᾽ Εὔοδος βροτοῖς πᾶσι παραινῶ. For the absol. use in Acts 27:9 we may cite Syll 36 (= .389).40 (B.C. 420) καθὰ παραινοσι Β [οττιαῖοι. The meaning ";encouragement"; usually given to παραίνεσις in Sap. 8:9 may perhaps be supported by Syll 256 (= .3557).33 (B.C. 207–6) διὰ τὴμ παρα [ίνεσιν τοῦ θε ]οῦ.
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Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Sixth Week after Easter