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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3783 - ὀφείλημα

Root Word (Etymology)
from (the alternate of) (G3784)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. that which is owed
    1. that which is justly or legally due, a debt
  2. metaph. offence, sin
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4859 ‑ מַשָּׁאָה (mash‑shaw‑aw');  5382 ‑ נָשָׁה (naw‑shaw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Matthew 1
Romans 1
NAS (3)
Matthew 1
Romans 2
CSB (2)
Matthew 1
Romans 1
BSB (2)
Matthew 1
Romans 1
WEB (0)
WEB (2)
Matthew 1
Romans 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὀφείλ-ημα, ατος, τό,

that which is owed, debt, Th. 2.40, etc.; ἀποτίνειν ὀ. Pl. Lg. 717b; ἀποδοτέον Arist. EN 1165a3: also in Inscrr., IG 12.57.14, SIG 306.38 (Tegea, iv B. C.), 1108.11 (Callatis, iii/ii B. C.), etc.; and Pap., PHib. 1.42.10 (iii B. C.), etc.; cf. ὀφήλωμα.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὀφείλημα, ὀφειλητος, τό (ὀφείλω), that which is owed;

a. properly, that which is justly or legally due, a debt; so for מַשָּׁאָה, Deuteronomy 24:12 (10); ἀφιέναι, 1 Macc. 15:8; ἀποτίνειν, Plato, legg. 4, p. 717 b.; ἀποδιδόναι, Aristotle, eth. Nic. 9, 2, 5 (p. 1165a, 3). κατά ὀφείλημα, as of debt, Romans 4:4.

b. in imitation of the Chaldean חוב or חובָא (which denotes both debt and sin), metaphorically, offence, sin (see ὀφειλέτης, b.); hence, ἀφιέναι τίνι τά ὀφειλετα αὐτοῦ, to remit the penalty of one's sins, to forgive them, (Chaldean חובִין שְׁבַק), Matthew 6:12. (Cf. Winer's Grammar, 30, 32, 33.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὀφείλημα , -τος , τό

(< ὀφείλω ),

[in LXX: Deuteronomy 24:10 (H4859), 1 Esdras 3:20, 1 Maccabees 15:8*;]

that which is owed, a debt: Romans 4:4; metaph. (as Aram. חוֺבָא חוֺב ), of sin as a debt, Matthew 6:12.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The special meaning of a periodic ";change"; of a heavenly body which this word has in its only NT occurrence (James 1:17), is illustrated by Hort ad l. from Dion Cass. lxxvi. 13, where it is said of the Emperor Severus in the North of Scotland—τήν τε τοῦ ἡλίου παράλλαξιν καὶ τὸ τῶν ἡμερῶν, τῶν τε νύκτων καὶ τῶν θερινῶν καὶ τῶν χειμερινῶν μέγεθος ἀκριβέστατα κατεφώρασεν. In Aristeas 75 παραλλαγή is used of stones arranged alternately—λίθων ἑτέρων παρ᾽ ἑτέρους, τοῖς γένεσι παραλλαγὴν ἐχόντων. For the verb cf. Preisigke 4947.4 (love-charm—iii/A.D.) εἰς τὸ παραλλαγῆναι τὴν ψυχὴν αὐτῆς, Theophr. H.P. v. i. 3 αἱ πέψεις τῶν καρπῶν παραλλάττουσι, ";times of ripeness vary.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
οφειλημα οφείλημα ὀφείλημα οφειληματα οφειλήματα ὀφειλήματα opheilema opheilēma opheílema opheílēma opheilemata opheilēmata opheilḗmata
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