the Fourth Week of Lent
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3823 - πάλη
- wrestling (a contest between two in which each endeavours to throw the other, and which is decided when the victor is able to hold his opponent down with his hand upon his neck)
- the term is transferred to the Christian's struggle with the power of evil
1. wrestling, Il. 23.635; ἢ πὺξ ἠὲ πάλῃ ἢ καὶ ποσίν Od. 8.206: κρατέων πάλα Pi. O. 8.20; νικᾶν πυγμὴν καὶ π. E. Alc. 1031. cf. Hp. Acut.(Sp.)62, Th. 1.6, Pl. Lg. 795b, Plu. 2.638d, Antyll. ap. Orib. 6.28.3; τίνα π. ἐμάνθανες; Ar. Eq. 1238; παίδων, ἐφήβων νεωτέρων, μέσων, πρεσβυτέρων, ἀνδρῶν π., SIG 959 (Chios), cf. IG 5(2).549.16,30 (Lycosura, iv B. C.), etc.
2. generally, fight, battle, ἅπτειν πάλην τινί A. Ch. 866 (anap.); π. δορός E. Heracl. 159.
(B) (or παλή acc. to Sch. Il. 10.7, to dist. it from foreg.), ἡ,
1. the finest meal, π. ἀλφίτου Hp. Mul. 1.64, cf. Ruf. Ren.Ves. 6.7, Arching. ap. Gal. 12.791; π. πυρίνη Lycus ap. Orib. 9.51.1; νάρθηκος πάλαι Zopyr. ap. eund. 14.61.1.
2. any fine dust, ἀνέπλησα τὠφθαλμὼ πάλης φυσῶν τὸ πῦρ Pherecr. 60, cf. Hsch. (Cf. Lat. pollen, pulvIsa)
πάλη, παλης, ἡ (from πάλλω to vibrate, shake), from Homer down, wrestling (a contest between two in which each endeavors to throw the other, and which is decided when the victor is able θλίβειν καί κατέχειν his prostrate antagonist, i. e. hold him down with his hand upon his neck; cf. Plato, legg. 7, p. 796; Aristotle, rhet. 1, 5, 14, p. 1361b, 24; Heliodorus aethiop. 10, 31; (cf. Krause, Gymn. u. Agon. d. Griech. i. 1, p. 400ff; Guhl and Koner, p. 219f; Dict. of Antiq. under the wordlucta)); the term is transferred to the struggle of Christians with the powers of evil: Ephesians 6:12.
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* πάλη , -ης , ἡ
(<πάλλω , to sway),
wrestling, hence, generally, fight, contest: fig., of the spiritual combat of Christians, Ephesians 6:12.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
lit. ";come in from the side."; The use of the verb in Romans 5:20 ";come in to the side of a state of things already existing"; (SH) shows that the idea of stealth is not necessarily present : cf. Vett. Val. p. 357.9 τοῦτο δέ μοι παρεισῆλθεν περὶ τῆς προκειμένης ἀγωγῆς. On the other hand with Galatians 2:4 ";who sneaked in to spy out our freedom"; Burton (ICC ad l.) compares such a passage as Luc. Asin. 15 εἰ λύκος παρεισέλθοι.
The corr. double compd. παρεξέρχομαι occurs in the late P Lond 1075.17 (vii/A.D.) (= III. p. 282) ἵνα μὴ τοῦ λοιπο [ῦ ] παρεξέλθῃ τοῦ σκοποῦ ὑμῶν.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.