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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3873 - παράκειμαι

from (G3844) and (G2749)
Parts of Speech
  1. to lie beside, to be near
  2. to be present, at hand
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
NAS (2)
HCS (2)
BSB (2)
ESV (1)
WEB (2)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


poet. πάρκειμαι Pi. (v. infr.): impf. παρεκέσκετο Od. 14.521: used as Pass. to παρατίθημι,

lie beside or before, ἔτι καὶ παρέκειτο τράπεζα Il. 24.476; ὀϊστόν, ὅ οἱ παρέκειτο τραπέζῃ Od. 21.416, cf. Pherecr. 108.17, Telecl. 1.7, etc.; ἡ παρακειμένη τροφή Arist. HA 599a25: generally, to be at hand, available, οἷα τέκτοσιν ἡμῖν ὕλη παράκειται Pl. Ti. 69a; to be adjacent, c. dat., PTeb. 74.56 (ii B. C.): metaph., ὑμῖν παράκειται ἐναντίον ἠὲ μάχεσθαι ἢ φεύγειν the choice is before you, to fight or flee, Od. 22.65; ἔρδειν.. ἀμηχανίη παράκειται Thgn. 685; ἅμα παρακεῖσθαι λύπας τε καὶ ἡδονάς lie side by side, Pl. Phlb. 41d: freq. in part., Ἀΐδᾳ παρακείμενος lying at death's door, S. Ph. 861 (lyr.); παρκείμενον τέρας the present marvel, Pi. O. 13.73; τὸ παρκείμενον the present, Id. N. 3.75; ἱκανὰ τὰ κακὰ καὶ τὰ παρακείμενα Ar. Lys. 1048; τὰ π. ὕδατα PTeb. 61 (b). 132 (ii B. C.); τὰ π., also, dishes on table, Amphis 30.6; κλίνην.. παρακειμένην τε τὴν τράπεζαν Diod. Com. 2.10; ἡ π. πύλη the nearest gate, Plb. 7.16.5; ἐν μνήμῃ παρακείμενα things present in memory, Pl. Phlb. 19d; under discussion, λόγος Phld. Sign. 16; obvious, Id. Rh. 1.3,6 S.; to be closely connected with, παράκεινται τῇ μαθηματικῇ θεωρίᾳ ἥ τε θεολογικὴ ἐπιστήμη καὶ ἡ φυσική lamb. Comm.Math. 28. in legal phrases, to be attached or appended, of documents, BGU 889.15 (ii A. D.); to be noted, scheduled, PTeb. 27.7 (ii B. C.); to be preserved in a register or archive, PSI 5.454.18 (iv A. D.), etc.

2. press on, urge, c. dat., πυκνότερον ἡμῖν -κείμενοι LXX 3 Maccabees 7:3, cf. Plb. 5.34.7.

3. metaph., lie prostrate, of absolute subjection, π. πρὸ προσώπου σου LXX Ju. 3.3.

4. to be permissible, Hp. Dent. 15.

II in Gramm., etc.:

1 to be laid down, mentioned in text-books, τὰ σημεῖα οὐ παράκειται Philum. Ven. 29; simply, to be cited, ἐκ τῶν Θεοφράστου Sch. Ar. Pl. 720.

2. ὁ παρακείμενος (sc. χρόνος) the perfect tense, A.D. Synt. 205.15.

3. ἀντίφρασίς ἐστι λέξις.. διὰ τοῦ π. τὸ ἐναντίον παριστῶσα, ex adjecto, as when the Furies are called Eumenides, Trypho Trop. 2.15, cf. Ps.- Plu. Vit.Hom. 25.

4. of words, to be joined by juxtaposition (not com position, cf. παράθεσις 1.2), A.D. Synt. 330.26, al.

5. to be interpolated, Gal. 18(1).58.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** παρά -κειμαι ,

[in LXX: Judith 3:2-3, Sirach 30:18; Sirach 34:16, Da LXX Bel 1:14, 2,3 Mac.5*;]

to lie beside, be near, be present: Romans 7:18; Romans 7:21.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the mid. = ";cease,"; as with one exception (1 Peter 3:10) in the NT, cf. P Hib I. 59.10 (c. B.C. 245) εἰ μὴ παύσει κ ̣[α ]κοποῶν ἐν τῆι κώμη [ι ] μεταμελή [σ ]ει σοι, ";if you do not cease your malpractices in the village, you will be sorry for it,"; P Oxy VIII. 1121.10 (A.D. 295) οὐκ ἐπαυσάμην τὰ πρέποντα γείνεσθαι ὑπὸ τέκνων γονεῦσι ἀναπληροῦσα, ";I was assiduous in performing what is owing from children to parents"; (Ed.), and P Lond 417.11 (c. A.D. 346) (= II. p. 299, Selections, p. 124) καὶ πάλειν, ἂμ ̣ μὴ παύσεται (l. ἐὰν μὴ παύσηται), ἔρχεται εἰς τὰς χεῖράς σου ἄλλω ἅβαξ (l. ἄλλο ἅπαξ), ";and again, if he does not desist, he will come into your hands still another time."; In an illiterate letter from parents to their son giving news regarding their health, P Oxy X. 1299.5 f. (iv/A.D.), they write—ἔπιτα ἀπὸ τοῦ νέω ἔτους πολλὰ ἐνοσοῦμεν, ἀλλὰ εὐχαρισ ̣τῶ [μ ]εν τῷ θεῷ ὅτι ἐπαυμένην (l. πεπαυμένοι) ἐσμέ <ν >, ";next, since the new year we have been very ill, but we give thanks to God that we have recovered"; (Edd.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
παρακειται παράκειται παράκειταί παρακελεύομαι parakeitai parákeitai parákeitaí
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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