the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3875 - παράκλητος
- summoned, called to one's side, esp. called to one's aid
- one who pleads another's cause before a judge, a pleader, counsel for defense, legal assistant, an advocate
- one who pleads another's cause with one, an intercessor
- of Christ in his exaltation at God's right hand, pleading with God the Father for the pardon of our sins
- in the widest sense, a helper, succourer, aider, assistant
- of the Holy Spirit destined to take the place of Christ with the apostles (after his ascension to the Father), to lead them to a deeper knowledge of the gospel truth, and give them divine strength needed to enable them to undergo trials and persecutions on behalf of the divine kingdom
called to one's aid, in a court of justice: as Subst., legal assistant, advocate, D. 19.1, Lycurg. Fr. 102, etc.
2. summoned, δοῦλοι D.C. 46.20, cf. BGU 601.12 (ii A.D.).
II intercessor, Ph. 2.520: hence in NT, Παράκλητος, of the Holy Spirit, John 14:16; Ep.
παράκλητος, παρακλητου, ὁ (παρακαλέω), properly, summoned, called to one's side, especially called to one's aid; hence,
1. "one who pleads another's cause before a judge, a pleader, counsel for defense, legal assistant; an advocate": Demosthenes, p. 341, 11; (Diogenes Laërtius 4, 50, cf. Dio Cassius, 46, 20.
2. universally, one who pleads another's cause with one, an intercessor: Philo, de mund. opif. § 59; de Josepho § 40; in Flaccum §§ 3 and 4; so of Christ, in his exaltation at God's right hand, pleading with God the Father for the pardon of our sins, 1 John 2:1 (in the same sense, of the divine Logos in Philo, vita Moys. iii. § 14).
3. in the widest sense, a helper, succorer, aider, assistant; so of the Holy Spirit destined to take the place of Christ with the apostles (after his ascension to the Father), to lead them to a deeper knowledge of gospel truth, and to give them the divine strength needed to enable them to undergo trials and persecutions on behalf of the divine kingdom: John 14:16, 26; John 15:26; John 16:7, cf. Matthew 10:19; Mark 13:11; Luke 12:11f (Philo de mund. opif. § 6 at the beginning says that God in creating the world had no need of a παράκλητος, an adviser, counsellor, helper. The Targums and Talmud borrow the Greek words פְּרַקְלִיט and פְּרַקְלִיטָא and use them of any intercessor, defender, or advocate; cf. Baxtorf, Lex. Talm., p. 1843 ((edited by Fischer, p. 916)); so Targ. on Job 33:23 for מֵלִיץ מַלְאָך, i. e. an angel that pleads man's cause with God; (cf. πλουσίων παρακλητοι in 'Teaching' etc. 5 [ET] under the end; the Epistle of Barnabas 20, 2 [ET]; Apostolic Constitutions 7, 18)). Cf. Knapp, Scripta varii Argumenti, p. 124ff; Düsterdieck on 1 John 2:1, p. 147ff; (Watkins, Excursus G, in Ellicott's N. T. Commentary for English Readers; Westcott in the Speaker's commentary Additional Note on John 14:16; Schaff in Lange ibid.).
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** παρά -κλητος , -ον
(< παρακαλεω ),
[in Aq., Th.: Job 16:2*;]
called to one's aid in a judicial cause (Dion. Cass.); hence, most freq. as subst., ὁ Papyri, an advocate, pleader, intercessor (Dem., al.; so in Rabbinic lit., פְּרַקְלִיטָא ), "a friend of the accused person, called to speak to his character, or otherwise enlist sympathy in his favour" (Field, Notes, 102). In NT, specif., ὁ Papyri,
(a) of Christ, 1 John 2:1 (v. ICC, Jo. Epp., 23 ff.);
(b) of the Holy Spirit (AV, comforter; but v. opp. c.), John 14:16; John 14:26; John 15:26; John 16:7 (cf. also Abbott, Essays, 86, 97; Deiss., LAE, 339 f.; MM, xviii; Westc., Jo., ii, 188
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";thicken,"; ";fatten,"; which is used metaphorically in Matthew 13:15, Acts 28:27, occurs in a medical prescription, unfortunately very mutilated, P Tebt II. 273.33 (ii/iii A.D.) πρὸς πεπα ̣χυ [σμέν ]α ̣[. .] . [. The subst. παχύτης is found in Aristeas 93 and πάχος bis in ib. 71, and its plur. in PSI VI. 601.5 (iii/B.C.) τοῖς μεγέθεσι καὶ τοῖς πάχεσιν. For the corr. adj. see P Oxy VI. 921.19 (iii/A.D.) σινδόνιον παχὺ α ̄, ";I thick cambric,"; PSI IV. 364.5 (B.C. 251–0) παχύτερον (ἱμάτιον), and P Petr II. 4(11).6 (B.C. 255–4) ξύλα. . . εὐμηκέστατα καὶ παχύτατα, ";beams as long and thick as possible.";
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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