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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3951 - παροτρύνω

from (G3844) and otruno (to spur)
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  1. to incite, stir up
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


From G3844 and ὀτρυìνω otrunō (to spur)

ὀτρύν-ω [],

inf. ὀτρυνέμεν Il. 4.286: impf. ὤτρυνον Hom. (v. infr.), etc.; Iterat. ὀτρύνεσκον Il. 24.24: fut. ὀτρῠνέω Hom. (v. infr.): aor. ὄτρῡνα Od. 17.430: Med. or Pass., only in pres. and impf. (v. infr.): poet. Verb, the compd. ἐπ-οτρύνω being used in Prose: (v. sub fin.):

stir up, egg on, encourage, esp. to battle, to any sudden or violent exertion, τινα Il. 5.482, 10.158, etc.; τί με σπεύδοντα καὶ αὐτὸν ὀτρύνεις; 8.294; ὄτρυνε μένος καὶ θυμὸν ἑκάστου 5.470: freq. c. inf., ὀπτῆρας.. ὄτρυνα νέεσθαι Od. 17.430; ὀ. τινὰ μάχεσθαι Il. 4.294, 414, etc.; γήμασθαι Od. 19.158, etc.; ἡμέας ὀτρύνων καταπαυέμεν 2.244: without inf., ἦ τιν' ἑταίρων ὀτρυνέεις Τρώεσσιν ἐπίσκοπον (sc. ἰέναι); Il. 10.38; ὃν ναῶν Ἕκτωρ ὤτρυνε κατόπταν E. Rh. 558 (lyr.): with Preps., Ἑρμείαν.. νῆσον ἐς Ὠγυγίην ὀτρύνομεν (sc. ἰέναι) Od. 1.85, cf. Il. 15.59; σέ γε θυμὸς ὀ. ἐπὶ νῆας 24.289; τὸν δ' ὀ. πόλιν εἴσω Od. 15.40; ποτὶ δῶμα 17.75; προτὶ Ἴλιον Il. 19.156; πόλινδε Od. 15.306; πόλεμόνδε Il. 2.589; ποτὶ βουθυσίαν Ἥρας Pi. N. 10.23: rarely folld. by ὡς, Ὀδυσῆα ὄτρυν', ὡς ἂν πύρνα.. ἀγείροι Od. 17.362: rarely also c. dat. pers. et inf., ὤτρυνον.. θεραπόντεσσιν φυλάξαι Pi. P. 4.41: Med. or Pass., rouse oneself, bestir oneself, hasten, c. inf., ἕπεσθαι Od. 10.425; ὀτρυνώμεθ' ἀμυνέμεν ἀλλήλοισιν Il. 14.369, cf. Od. 17.183; ὑμεῖς δ' ὀτρύνεσθαι.., ὥς κ' ἐμὲ.. ἐπιβήσετε πάτρης 7.222: the Act. in this intr. sense is only f.l. in Il. 7.420.

2. less freq. of animals, urge on, cheer on, οὐρῆας 23.111; ἵππους τε καὶ ἀνέρας 16.167, etc.; κύνας 18.584.

3. of things, urge forward, quicken, speed, πομπὴν ὀτρύνετε Od. 7.151, cf. 8.30; τούτῳ δ' ὀτρυνέει Μέντωρ ὁδόν 2.253; ἀγγελίην ὀτρύνομεν 16.355; μάχην ὤτρυνον Ἀχαιῶν Il. 12.277; βοὰν ὤτρυνε λαῶν roused the shouts of the people, B. 8.35 (s. v.l.). Verb, used now and then by Trag., in lyr., A. Th. 726, E. Rh. 25, 558: in trim., S. Aj. 60, 771, El. 28, E. Alc. 755: rare even in later Prose, Arist. Mu. 399b11. (Prob. -τρῠ-ν- y ω, with - prefix (as in -κέλλω) ; -τρῠ- perh. cogn. with Skt. tvárate 'hasten'.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

παροτρύνω: 1 aorist παρωτρυνα; (ὀτρύνω to stir up (cf. παρά, IV. 3)); to incite, stir up: τινα, Acts 13:50. (Pindar Ol. 3, 68; Josephus, Antiquities 7, 6, 1; Lucian, deor. concil 4.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

*παρ -οτρύνω ,

to urge on, stir up: c. acc pers., Acts 13:50 (find., Hipp., and late writers).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
παρωτρυναν παρώτρυναν parotrunan parōtrunan parotrynan parōtrynan parṓtrynan
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