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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4074 - Πέτρος

Transliteration
Pétros
Phonetics
pet'-ros
Origin
apparently a primary word
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
6:100,835
Definition
Thayer's
Peter = "a rock or a stone"
  1. one of the twelve disciples of Jesus
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (161)
Matthew
24
Mark
19
Luke
20
John
34
Acts
57
Galatians
5
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
1
NAS (155)
Matthew
23
Mark
19
Luke
19
John
34
Acts
56
Galatians
2
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
1
HCS (155)
Matthew
23
Mark
19
Luke
19
John
34
Acts
56
Galatians
2
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
1
BSB (155)
Matthew
23
Mark
19
Luke
19
John
34
Acts
56
Galatians
2
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
1
ESV (148)
Matthew
23
Mark
18
Luke
17
John
33
Acts
53
Galatians
2
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
1
WEB (160)
Matthew
23
Mark
19
Luke
20
John
33
Acts
58
Galatians
5
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

Petros - Peter

πέτρος, ὁ

(in later Poets , AP 7.274 ( Honest. ), 479 ( Theodorid. )), stone (distd. from πέτρα, q. v.); in Hom., used by warriors, λάζετο πέτρον μάρμαρον ὀκριόεντα Il. 16.734; βαλὼν μυλοειδέϊ πέτρῳ 7.270, cf. 20.288, E. Andr. 1128 (never in Od. ); ἔδικε πέτρῳ Pi. O. 10(11).72; ἄγαλμ' Ἀΐδα ξεστὸν π. ἔμβαλον στέρνῳ Id. N. 10.67; νιφάδι γογγύλων πέτρων A. Fr. 199.7; ἐκ χερῶν πέτροισιν ἠράσσοντο Id. Pers. 460; λευσθῆναι πέτροις S. OC 435; πέτρους ἐπεκυλίνδουν X. HG 3.5.20, etc.; ἐν πέτροισι πέτρον ἐκτρίβων, to produce fire, S. Ph. 296; of a boulder forming a landmark, Id. OC 1595; τόνδ' ἀνέθηκα π. ἀειράμενος IG 42(1).125 (Epid., iii B. C. ).

2. prov., πάντα κινῆσαι πέτρον 'leave no stone unturned', E. Heracl. 1002, cf. Pl. Lg. 843a; of imperturbability, καὶ γὰρ ἂν πέτρου φύσιν σύ γ' ὀργάνειας S. OT 334, cf. E. Med. 28 . II a kind of reed, Peripl.M.Rubr. 65 . The usual Prose word is λίθος .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

Πέτρος , -ου ,

(i.e. a stone, see πέτρα , Κηφᾶς ),

Simon Peter, the Apostle: Matthew 4:18; Matthew 10:2, Mark 3:16, Luke 5:8, John 1:41; John 1:43, al.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In a letter of remonstrance, P Oxy VIII. 1119.21 (A.D. 254), vindicating the privileges enjoyed by the Antinoites of immunity of public burdens outside their own city, the phrase occurs κατὰ το [ ]ς πατρίους τῆς ἡμετέρας πολειτίας νόμους, ";in accordance with the ancestral usages of our constitution"; (Ed.) : cf. Ephesians 2:12.

Wilcken (Chrest. I. i. p. 78) cites the following exx. from Egypt of πολιτεία practically = πόλις (civitas)—P Flor I. 95.9 (Hermopolis Magna—A.D. 375) ὑπεδεξάμεθα [παρά σου ] ὑπὲρ τῆς σῆς πολ [ιτ <ε > ]ας, P Lips I. 62ii. 5 (Antinoopolis—A.D. 385) (= Chrest. I. p. 220) ὑπεδεξάμην παρά σου καὶ νῦν ὑπὲρ τῆς σῆς πολιτείας, and BGU I. 304.3 (Fayûm—c. A.D. 640) παγάρχ () τοῦ βορρ (ινοῦ) σκέλους ταύτης τῆς πολ (ι)τ (είας).

For πολιτεία = ";citizenship,"; as in Acts 22:28, we may cite Gnomon 47 (c. A.D. 150) (= BGU V. I. p. 23) ἀστὴ συνελθοῦσα Α ̣ι ̣̔̓[γ ]υ ̣[πτίῳ ] κ ̣ατ᾽ ἄγνοιαν ὡς ἀστῷ ἀνεύθυνός ἐστιν. ἐὰν δὲ καὶ ὑπὸ ἀμφοτ ̣ε ̣ρ ̣[ων ἀπ ]αρχὴ τέκνων τεθῇ, τηρεῖται τοῖς τέκνοις ἡ πολιτει ̣α, ";if a woman, being a citizen [i.e. of alexandria], marries an Egyptian in the mistaken belief that he is also a citizen, she is not liable to penalty; and if both parties present birth-certificates, their children preserve the status of citizens.";

The religious sense which the word acquired (cf. the verb in Acts 23:1, Philippians 1:27) is well seen in the Christian letter P Heid 6.8 (iv/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 125 f.) πιστεύομεν γὰρ τὴν πολιτία [ν σ ]ου ἐνν οὐρανῷ. Deissmann ad l. cites Gregory of Nyssa σπεύδειν πρὸς τὴν ἐπουράνιον πολιτείαν (Migne 46, 597 b), and Isidore of Pelusium ἡ οὐρανῷ πρέπουσα πολιτεία (Epp. 216 and 33).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
Πετρε Πέτρε ΠΕΤΡΟΝ Πέτρον ΠΕΤΡΟΣ Πέτρος Πετρου Πέτρου Πετρω Πέτρῳ Petre Pétre Petro Petrō Pétroi Pétrōi PETRON Pétron PETROS Pétros Petrou Pétrou
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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