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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4242 - πρεσβεία

Transliteration
presbeía
Phonetics
pres-bi'-ah
Root Word (Etymology)
from (G4243)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
TDNT
None
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πρεσβεύω
Definition   
Thayer's
  1. age, dignity, right of the first born
  2. the business normally intrusted to elders, spec. the office of an ambassador, an embassy
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Luke 2
NAS (2)
Luke 2
CSB (2)
Luke 2
BSB (2)
Luke 2
ESV (2)
Luke 2
WEB (2)
Luke 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πρέσβ-ειᾰ, ἡ, = foreg., St.Byz. s.v. Ἀγάμμεια.

πρεσβ-εία, ἡ,

age, seniority, right of the elder, κατὰ πρεσβείαν A. Pers. 4 (anap.), Arist. Pol. 1259b12: hence,

2. rank, dignity, πρεσβείᾳ καὶ δυνάμει ὑπερέχειν Pl. R. 509b .

II embassy, Ar. Lys. 570, Pl. R. 422d, al.

2. body of ambassadors, Ar. Ach. 647, Eq. 795, Th. 1.72, 4.118, X. Cyr. 2.4.1, Aeschin. 1.23 (pl.), etc.; καλέσαι ἐπὶ ξένια τὴν π. IG 12.19.14, al.; καλέσαι τὴν π. ἐπὶ δεῖπνον ib.22.1.54.

III intercession, Phalar. Ep. 33 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πρεσβεία, πρεσβειας, (πρεσβεύω);

1. age, dignity, right of the first born: Aeschylus Pers. 4; Plato, de rep. 6, p. 509 b.; Pausanias, 3, 1, 4; 3, 3, 8.

2. the business usually to be entrusted to elders, specifically, the office of an ambassador, an embassy (Aristophanes, Xenophon, Plato); abstract for the concrete, an ambassage, i. e. ambassadors, Luke 14:32; Luke 19:14.


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** πρεσβεία . -ας ,

(< πρεσβεύω ),

[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 4:11 *;]

1. age, seniority.

2. rank, dignity.

3. an embassy; by meton., of the ambassadors, embassy: Luke 14:32; Luke 19:14.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For προσκαρτερέω, ";continue steadfastly"; in a. certain course of action, as in Acts 6:4, Romans 12:12, cf. the oath of a Strategus on taking office, P Oxy I. 82.4 (iii/A.D.) προσκαρτερῶν τῇ στρατηγίᾳ ἀδιαλίπτως εἰς τὸ ἐν μηδενὶ μεμφθῆναι. Similarly P Lond 904.27 (A.D. 104) (= III. p. 125, Selections, P. 73), an order to certain persons to return home, in order that they may carry out the census and τῇ προσ [ηκού ]σῃ αὐτοῖς γεωργίαι ̣ προσκαρτερήσω ̣[σιν, ";and continue steadfastly in the husbandry that belongs to them,"; and P Amh II. 65.3 (early ii /A.D.) a petition of two brothers, who had been chosen as cultivators of the royal domains, that one of them should be released ἵνα δυνηθῶμεν καὶ τῇ ἑαυτῶν γεωργίᾳ προσκαρτερεῖν, ";in order that we may be able to attend to our own cultivation as well"; (Edd.). Other exx. c. dat. rei are P Oxy III. 530.9 (ii/A.D.) ἐπι ̣̣ μάτ ̣η ̣[ν ] δὲ τῶι τοῦ Παυσιρίωνος τοσοῦτον χρόνον προσκαρτερ [, ";I have been so long engaged with Pausirion’s business to no purpose,"; Preisigke 4284.15 (A.D. 207) ταῖς ἐπιβα [λ ]λούσαις ἡμε [ῖν ] χρείαις προσκαρτερεῖν, and Vett. Val. 220.22 οὐ προσκαρτεροῦσι δὲ ἐλπίδι.

The verb is common = ";attend"; a court, e.g. P Oxy II. 26.12 (A.D. 55) ο ̣ ̣ δυναμένη προσκαρτερῆσαι τῷ κριτηρίῳ διὰ γυναικείαν ἀσθένειαν, ib. 260.14 (A.D. 59) προσκαρτερήσειν μέχρι οὗ ἃ ἔχωμεν προς ἑαυτοὺς ἐγ [β ]ιβασθῆι, ";remain until our suit is decided"; (Edd.), and P Hamb I. 4.7 (A.D. 87) προσκαρτερήσι (= ει)ν τῷ ἱε ̣ρωτάτῳ τοῦ κρατίστου ἡγεμόνος. . . βήματι (see the editor’s note).

For the verb c. dat. pers. cf. P Giss I. 79ii. 9 (c. A.D. 117) Ἐπαφρόδειτος ἕως τούτου οὐδὲν ἀμελέστ ̣ερον ποιεῖ, ἀλλὰ προσκαρτερεῖ ἡμῖν καὶ πᾶσι τοῖς πρα ̣γμασι σου, P Lond 196.3 (c. A.D. 138–161) (= II. p. 153) προσ [κ ]αρτερεῖν τῷ Νεοκύδει, and P Oxy XIV. 1764.4 (iii/A.D.) πολ [λ ]αὶ ἡμέραι (nom. pend.) προσκαρτεροῦμεν Φιλέᾳ τῷ μοσ ̣χ ̣ο ̣μ ̣αγ ̣[ε ]ίρῳ, ";for many days we have been waiting for Phileas the butcher.";

The verb is used absolutely in PS I. VI. 598.7 (iii/B.C.) προσκαρτέρησον οὖν ἕως ἂν Ἐτέαρχος παραγένηται.

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πρέσβεια πρεσβειαν πρεσβείαν πρεσβείου presbeian presbeían
 
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