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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4242 - πρεσβεία

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G4243)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. age, dignity, right of the first born
  2. the business normally intrusted to elders, spec. the office of an ambassador, an embassy
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Luke 2
NAS (2)
Luke 2
CSB (2)
Luke 2
BSB (2)
Luke 2
ESV (2)
Luke 2
WEB (2)
Luke 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πρέσβ-ειᾰ, ἡ, = foreg., St.Byz. s.v. Ἀγάμμεια.

πρεσβ-εία, ἡ,

age, seniority, right of the elder, κατὰ πρεσβείαν A. Pers. 4 (anap.), Arist. Pol. 1259b12: hence,

2. rank, dignity, πρεσβείᾳ καὶ δυνάμει ὑπερέχειν Pl. R. 509b .

II embassy, Ar. Lys. 570, Pl. R. 422d, al.

2. body of ambassadors, Ar. Ach. 647, Eq. 795, Th. 1.72, 4.118, X. Cyr. 2.4.1, Aeschin. 1.23 (pl.), etc.; καλέσαι ἐπὶ ξένια τὴν π. IG 12.19.14, al.; καλέσαι τὴν π. ἐπὶ δεῖπνον ib.22.1.54.

III intercession, Phalar. Ep. 33 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πρεσβεία, πρεσβειας, (πρεσβεύω);

1. age, dignity, right of the first born: Aeschylus Pers. 4; Plato, de rep. 6, p. 509 b.; Pausanias, 3, 1, 4; 3, 3, 8.

2. the business usually to be entrusted to elders, specifically, the office of an ambassador, an embassy (Aristophanes, Xenophon, Plato); abstract for the concrete, an ambassage, i. e. ambassadors, Luke 14:32; Luke 19:14.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** πρεσβεία . -ας ,

(< πρεσβεύω ),

[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 4:11 *;]

1. age, seniority.

2. rank, dignity.

3. an embassy; by meton., of the ambassadors, embassy: Luke 14:32; Luke 19:14.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For προσκαρτερέω, ";continue steadfastly"; in a. certain course of action, as in Acts 6:4, Romans 12:12, cf. the oath of a Strategus on taking office, P Oxy I. 82.4 (iii/A.D.) προσκαρτερῶν τῇ στρατηγίᾳ ἀδιαλίπτως εἰς τὸ ἐν μηδενὶ μεμφθῆναι. Similarly P Lond 904.27 (A.D. 104) (= III. p. 125, Selections, P. 73), an order to certain persons to return home, in order that they may carry out the census and τῇ προσ [ηκού ]σῃ αὐτοῖς γεωργίαι ̣ προσκαρτερήσω ̣[σιν, ";and continue steadfastly in the husbandry that belongs to them,"; and P Amh II. 65.3 (early ii /A.D.) a petition of two brothers, who had been chosen as cultivators of the royal domains, that one of them should be released ἵνα δυνηθῶμεν καὶ τῇ ἑαυτῶν γεωργίᾳ προσκαρτερεῖν, ";in order that we may be able to attend to our own cultivation as well"; (Edd.). Other exx. c. dat. rei are P Oxy III. 530.9 (ii/A.D.) ἐπι ̣̣ μάτ ̣η ̣[ν ] δὲ τῶι τοῦ Παυσιρίωνος τοσοῦτον χρόνον προσκαρτερ [, ";I have been so long engaged with Pausirion’s business to no purpose,"; Preisigke 4284.15 (A.D. 207) ταῖς ἐπιβα [λ ]λούσαις ἡμε [ῖν ] χρείαις προσκαρτερεῖν, and Vett. Val. 220.22 οὐ προσκαρτεροῦσι δὲ ἐλπίδι.

The verb is common = ";attend"; a court, e.g. P Oxy II. 26.12 (A.D. 55) ο ̣ ̣ δυναμένη προσκαρτερῆσαι τῷ κριτηρίῳ διὰ γυναικείαν ἀσθένειαν, ib. 260.14 (A.D. 59) προσκαρτερήσειν μέχρι οὗ ἃ ἔχωμεν προς ἑαυτοὺς ἐγ [β ]ιβασθῆι, ";remain until our suit is decided"; (Edd.), and P Hamb I. 4.7 (A.D. 87) προσκαρτερήσι (= ει)ν τῷ ἱε ̣ρωτάτῳ τοῦ κρατίστου ἡγεμόνος. . . βήματι (see the editor’s note).

For the verb c. dat. pers. cf. P Giss I. 79ii. 9 (c. A.D. 117) Ἐπαφρόδειτος ἕως τούτου οὐδὲν ἀμελέστ ̣ερον ποιεῖ, ἀλλὰ προσκαρτερεῖ ἡμῖν καὶ πᾶσι τοῖς πρα ̣γμασι σου, P Lond 196.3 (c. A.D. 138–161) (= II. p. 153) προσ [κ ]αρτερεῖν τῷ Νεοκύδει, and P Oxy XIV. 1764.4 (iii/A.D.) πολ [λ ]αὶ ἡμέραι (nom. pend.) προσκαρτεροῦμεν Φιλέᾳ τῷ μοσ ̣χ ̣ο ̣μ ̣αγ ̣[ε ]ίρῳ, ";for many days we have been waiting for Phileas the butcher.";

The verb is used absolutely in PS I. VI. 598.7 (iii/B.C.) προσκαρτέρησον οὖν ἕως ἂν Ἐτέαρχος παραγένηται.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πρέσβεια πρεσβειαν πρεσβείαν πρεσβείου presbeian presbeían
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